It has been widely accepted that gender equality and utilizing the full potential of an economy in terms of their human capital by giving equal opportunities to all is essential for inclusive growth and sustainable development of an economy. Moreover the role of men and women in the process of development has received much attention However it took a long way for everyone to realize the necessities of gender equality in development. Earlier it was believed that with globalization, modernity and growth these inequalities will disappear and the benefit taken by men will trickle down to women and the other gender automatically, but it was in the later part of the 20th century when economists, researchers realize after the feminist movements that the position of the other gender was neglected and in fact it worsened and thus the value of gender equality needs to be considered for attaining inclusive growth. The effect of gender inequality is a distortionary effect. In ruling out half the population by discrimination, many countries limit their ability to accumulate human and physical capital and to innovate, since gender inequality states exclusion of women, even if they are more able than men.
Gender equality is generally the idea that both men and women should obtain equal and fair treatment and not to be discriminated because of their gender. In a gender-equal society, men and women may not do the same kind of work or have the same social role and obligation, but their contribution are valued roughly equal. In recent centuries, the number of supporters who strike for gender equality surge increasingly, which cause an enormous amount of issues concerning with gender inequality to be aroused with wide concern. Consequently, some people discover and suggest that gender equality is only achievable in democratic and capitalist societies. This essay will argue that gender equality can also exist in other societies because the degree of gender equality is closely related to different modes of production and political systems.
“Sharing the fruits of growth and globalization equally between men and women is essential to meeting key development goals.” (Lin, n.d) . According to Akhter and Ward (2009), gender equality is vital both for distinctive individuals and economic development. Taking a glance on gender equality in welfare and work life it is unmistakable that there still are gaps in between the ladies and men. In the meantime, the world we live in is turning out to be more globalized. In addition, globalization is regularly seen as having both constructive and adverse effects, making a few individuals victors while others get to be failures.
Considering about the influence of gender gaps, the distinction of poverty can not be divided into absolute poverty and chronic poverty just simply based on income. And the approaches to measure gender and poverty is based on some vital factors, such as level of education, disempower, employment, living standards, income, social exclusion and inequality (Rogan, 2016). Therefore, using various approaches to measure gender differences through different dimensions. Similarly, it is also more efficient and more comprehensive to measure poverty from a social gender perspective.Besides, it is also necessary to indicate understandings of poverty to reflect the distinctively gendered nature of disadvantage for both women and men. There are two most common methods of poverty measurement while using datas and statistics.
Gender mainstreaming appeared in the context of international development as an additional approach to help reduce inequalities and improve women's condition. Unlike stand-alone, mostly women-centered, initiatives that seek to tangibly improve the situation of particular groups or individuals, gender mainstreaming is a process that strives to incorporate men-women equality dimension into the strategy and practical operation of various institutions on a large-scale basis. This includes assessing the different implications for women and men of any planned policy action, including legislation and programs, and addressing the inequality between men and women in the sharing of power and decision-making, at all levels, with the ultimate goal of
The functionalist view of gender roles and gender equality is a result of its time and is a reflection of the inequalities and gender roles of the 1940’s and 1950’s America and other Western societies. Whilst functionalists believe that gender roles are necessary and beneficial to society, many have argued that these roles should not be upheld as they are discriminatory. The functionalist view has become less useful and applicable for describing the realities of gender roles, particularly since the emergence of the post-industrial society, which has seen many women working outside of the household and men being more involved with housework (Smith and Ingoldsby, 2009). During the time in which functionalism began to decline in popularity and influence, the feminist movement was on the rise. Feminism argued that functionalism neglected to look at how the family structure and these traditional gender roles were suppressing women (Stacey and Thorne, 1985).
Gender inequality concerns both women and men and has a strong impact on their daily lives. Traditionally gender equality rules have been considered to be mainly as a “women’s issue” – as women have been a driving force behind gender equality approaches and struggles. This view has contributed to the awareness that women are the only ones who will benefit from a more equally and advanced society. In reality, men also benefit from gender equality as they also face gender- specific matters, such as lower life probability, bad well-being, inferior education levels and rigid norms. “I have seen young men suffering from mental instability, unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less ‘macho’” (Watson, E.
Gender analysis is a practice that calls attention to gender equality; it is a tool used to analyze gender disparities. The researchers’ strategy or main focus is to use a number of methods or frameworks on both sexes. They examine relationships among women and men in a private, social, and economic setting. Based on their findings and results, they think of better implications that these organizations/programs can then adopt. All of this is completed to ensure that equalities among women, men, girls, and boys are met; to make sure that all necessities of men and specifically women are taken into account in order to improve gender equality.
On talking about difference approach , Difference is an approach of equality, differentiating men and women as belonging to different 'sub-cultures ' as they have been socialised to do so since childhood. This then results in the varying communicative styles of men and women. Tannen is a major advocate of this position. Tannen compares gender differences in language to cultural differences. Comparing conversational goals, she argues that men tend to use a "report style", aiming to communicate factual information, whereas women more often use a "rapport style", which is more concerned with building and maintaining
Hence, the Philippine government is challenged to increase employment growth, to reduce vulnerable unemployment, and to improve decent work opportunities. To achieve these, the government should have adequate and appropriate legislation, and active labor market support. Gender differences in the supports can certainly reflect a form of pre-labor market discrimination because women face some barriers to entry in the labor market. With this, it is important to take into account the role of the gender differences in the supports because it may be significant for legislations aimed at reducing the wage gap between men and women. The general objective of the study was to determine gender wage gap in the Philippines.