This is because health of women is not given so important as men due to gender bias prevailing in the society. The women in rural and poor families of India is most neglected, ignored and exploited. Marriage related Issues : In most of rural and tribal areas of India girl child married too early. Due to early marriage they do not get enough time to complete their education and for self development which hinder their empowerment. Preference Given to Boy child : In Indian society particularly in rural and tribal areas women are expected to give birth to a boy child only.
But in various places in India women are discriminated and marginalized at every face of the society whether it is political participation, social participation, economic participation, access to education, and also reproductive healthcare. Women are found to be economically very poor all over the India. A few women are involved in services and other activities. So, they need economic power to stand on their own legs on per with men. Other hand, mostly it has been observed that women are found to be less literate than men.
Moreover it’s also important to note how much say the women have at the decision making level because that’s where all the welfare policies are formulated. In 2009 women constituted a mere 10.12% of all the parliamentarians. Many women continue to be unaware of the reservations made for them in local bodies. One reason could be lack of education or awareness but even in states like Kerala where women literacy levels are favourable, their political participation continues to be low. For women to participate in political arena they need to step out of their household in the public space which still continues to be dominated by men.
There are countless families with impoverished, single mothers with many children of a minority race that are discriminated against. Especially around the 50s and 60s when the novel is set, immigrant women did not have high chances of being hired for a stable enough job to support their family. This then causes the mother to grow tired and weary, too drained to take care of their children like they should. After a while, the neighbors stop caring and ignore them rather than help them, and the children run about without any care for the consequences of their actions. Some of these consequences aren’t that bad; however, in cases like the Vargases’, the lack of proper supervision, guidance, and care can lead to horrible occurrences like the death of a
Girls and women who are poor, live in remote areas, are disabled, or belong to minority groups continue to lag behind. Too many girls and women are still dying in childhood and in the reproductive ages. Women still fall behind in earnings and productivity, and in the strength of their voices in society. In some areas, such as education, there is now a gender gap to the disadvantage of men and boys. Gender inequality is seen at the very highest level, with women underrepresented in government decision making positions.
A persons background plays a role when it comes to determining what kind of family life that person will have, also they resources available to their disposal as a child (Cohen, MacCartney, 2004: 183). Things like finances and level of education play a role. Homes led by single parents are at a higher risk of economic disadvantage because single parents, which are mainly women, run a family with the earnings of one individual instead of two which would be the case if that woman was married (Cohen, MacCartney, 2004: 184). A vast number of these households that are led by single mothers, are due to the fact that these women are not highly educated. This causes them to get minimum wage jobs with then contributes to the rising poverty levels because these women cannot look after their family effectively (Cohen, MacCartney, 2004: 184).
In contrast to developed countries, the women of developing countries who head households have more obstructions in obtaining resources and services in housing and agriculture. They have less access to land, credits, capital and jobs with good incomes. Such in Afghanistan, it is often undesirable and not possible for women to admit to maintaining a household alone. Afghan women are socially ostracised and has to go through many deprivation to fulfil their daily needs. In India, the status of women are precarious and low-ranked.
Such prejudice psychologically affects women and makes them think they are not able to do harsh jobs such as carrying cargos, lifting crates and plowing. Men are more favorable because they are physically stronger and this lead people to assume that there is a higher chance of men protecting women. According to Unicef (2008, Background, para. 1)“girls are often considered to be financial burdens on their family, and from the time of birth, they receive less investment in their health, care and education”. Masculinity has been a case of gender inequality in
Many of these incidents are not reported due to lack of accessibility and fear of embarrassment, but those who do face even more obstacles. Out of 48.63% of the total population of women, most live in rural areas decreasing the percentage of women working due to lack of education. As a developing country, Pakistan’s economy is generally low. This problem can be solved if we start giving women the attention and respect they
The vast majority of people living with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. It is happening in those countries because women there have fewer opportunities for health education, unequal power in sexual partnership, or as a result of gender-based violence. Maternal health is also an issue of specific concern. In many countries, women have limited access to prenatal and infant care, and are more likely to experience complications during pregnancy and childbirth. This is a critical concern in countries where are girls sold off to be married to stranger by their parents for money.