Unlike many other Gods, Greek Gods and Goddesses are unique in a sense they possess human like behaviour, such as anger, jealousy, seeking revenge, being vengeful. Al though they may appear as a divine figure, they often possess contradictory character traits, mostly human like behaviours. They get married, have kids, fall in love, they even fight over power and punish those who defies them. Hence, Greek Gods and Goddesses are more comprehensive because of their human like nature. The human like nature is what makes them more relatable to humans.
Had they not disrespected his home, had they not drained his home of wine, had they not engourged themselves with cattle I believe he could had spared their lives. If they had courted Penelope from the haven and respectful distance from their own homes he could have spared them. In the era of Homer it was the norm in society to seek and “eye for an eye”, so to speak. So this being the case I can also see justification in the punishment and death of the maids.
Throughout the story of Odysseus’s journey told by Homer, there are many defining examples of interaction between humans and their gods. The gods primarily interact with humans by either siding with or against them. The gods would often side with humans since they wanted to help them such as Athena, Goddess of Wisdom, helping Telemachus, Odysseus’s son, whereas the gods seeking revenge such as Poseidon, who sought revenge on Odysseus for slaying his son Polyphemus, would turn against them. While actual interaction between gods and humans seems to be a rather risible idea, there was much guidance given to humans by the gods throughout the Odyssey.
For Example, although he did talk a bit about missing home, as anyone would, he was able to overcome that obstacle and strive forward towards the next step in reaching Ithaca. However, Penelope is at home and still after 20 years she is grieving for her husband. This is truly shown in “Book 21: The Test of the Bow” when it states that; “Now Penelope sank down… and sobbed and bit her lip and let the salt tears flow” (page 1250; line 16-18). Penelope did this after realizing that her husband has been gone for twenty years and most likely will not return. On the other hand, Odysseus is certain that he will return no matter how hard of a challenge he faces.
The Resemblance of Gods and Humans Throughout all religions, gods have always been seen as superior in every way possible. The division between humans and gods has always been prevalent and prominent. However, when the actions and motives of these gods are truly analyzed, it will become evident that the gods of Greek Mythology merely behave as humans with supernatural powers.
The people during the Classical Era of Greek worshipped God and godlike appearance was the main standard in their art. Statues became more natural and their posture, bodily movement were less stiff. They focused more on Olympics sports since ability to play sport became more important to the Greeks. They believed it was a way to become closer to their gods. To them, arete can be depicted through controlled movements and staged faces.
Yes, Penelope struggles greatly with a very important decision throughout the course of the story. In the background of the main plot, Penelope struggles with a very important decision throughout the time Odysseus remains lost at sea. After many years without Odysseus’ return, the prospect of a new marriage inclines itself onto Penelope. The sons of the noblest families come to live with Penelope in order to court her for marriage.
Religion was seen as personal to many of the civilians living. However, most of them worshipped many Gods, they had many different templates. The many different gods were cruel and unkind, however they were still important to the Greeks and splendid temples and sanctuaries were built in their honor, as well as festivals to pay tribute to their gods. Apart of the festivals there were also venue for competitions in poetry, drama, music, athletics. The depth that these Greeks would go through to explore the different myths and tales of the gods they would travel widely to hear exciting tales about the perils of travel and exploration.
A significant virtue Homer’s story covers is the importance of loyalty. The most notable exudation of loyalty is when Odysseus’ wife, Penelope, waits faithfully for ten years for the return of her husband. While many others tell her that Odysseus was most likely dead and that she should move on, she ignores them and never loses hope. She also concocts a clever scheme so she does not have to remarry. Saying that she would remarry once she finishes making a burial shroud for her late father-in-law, Laёrtês, she undoes the stitches every night so she would never finish, hence never remarry.
By means of humanization of the gods, Homer makes his audiences feel better sympathy towards them; the more the gods have human characteristics as jealousy, weeping, complaining, the more the audience empathize themselves with the gods. Besides these humanizations, we see the gods as super beings; they can recover easily, can see everything, arrange the future and so change the fate of human beings by intervening. In addition, by their miraculous actions, a dead person can be revived or an animal can speak; in other words, they can give life and sound to everything that seems impossible. Homer makes the Gods intervene the human affairs to show that whatever human beings try to change their fate, the control of everything is in the hands of the Gods; a man cannot escape from his destiny. Therefore, the Gods are represented as the controllers of human lives and in order to control or intervene in the human affairs, the gods disguise themselves into animals or people so that they can cheat people or help them as they
Finally, curley’s wife’s innocence and nativity is presented through her dream and death. From an early age the men in her life consistently let her down, tearing her apart piece by piece. She tells Lennie about a guy who said, “he was gonna put me [her] in the movies.” Like many Americans at the time she believed in the American dream and had a dream of her own. However, unlike George and Lennie hers was shut down and had no possibility of ever happening.
Masters or Children? Greek mythology is always a major part of the Greek culture. These myths gave birth to numerous art works and countless stories. The Odyssey which is one among all these tales is also deeply influenced by the Greek culture. Since the book originated from that ancient time period, it tells a lot about this ancient civilization.
Raquel Cacahua Ms. Caskey English 9 Honors 22 November 2016 Xenia is a good thing in the Odyssey In the epic poem, The Odyssey by Homer the reader learns the hospitality of xenia. There were two rules for Xenia in Ancient Greek. Xenia was to show politeness to visitors that have came to there home from other places. Back then, Xenia was needed when traveler were far from home and did not have a place to stay.
Without the female characters in The Odyssey, there would be no story. Because women like Athena play such an important role in developing the book. The Odyssey by Homer, written in the 8th century and speaks about the main character Odysseus; a veteran of the Trojan war. He begins on a long journey where he meets many other characters who help him with his overall goal of returning to Ithica after 18 years. Women play a very momentous role in the journey of Odysseus throughout The Odyssey.