Those common standard are represent in the country people need to respect the standard human rights. In the standard The principle of universality of human rights is a foundation of Universal Human rights law. It is first emphasized in Universal Declaration In 1948, The United nation had issued the universal Declaration of Hu an Rights, which had set the human rights standards for all nations. It stated that “All Human being are born free and equal in dignity and
INTRODUCTION “Give me liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely According to conscience, above all liberties”-----JOHN MILTON Student’s rights are fundamental freedom and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of the race, color, sex, creed, or other status. The essential message is equality of opportunity. All children should have the same rights and should be given the same opportunity to enjoy an adequate standard of living. Human rights apply to all age groups; children have the save general human rights as adults.
In 1988, the Human Rights Act was passed. It protects all of us, young and old, rich and poor. In the Human Rights Act it protects the right to liberty and freedom. In this it says, ”You have the right to be free and the State can only imprison you with very good reason, such as a crime.” Therefore freedom is designated and recognized around the world as a human right. In the Declaration of Independence it gives the well-known phrase, “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” The phrase gives a couple of examples of the “unalienable rights” which the Declaration says have been given to all human beings by their Creator, and which governments are created to protect.
For example, every child should have equal access to education regardless of the child’s gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, disability, parentage, sexual orientation or other status (Stalford 2012). The International Convention on the Rights of the Child centres upon the principle of non-discrimination. All children should be treated, protected and cared for in the same manner. However in today’s world, many children and groups of children are victims of discrimination. Outlawing discrimination is a fundamental and absolute principle, declared by all the international standards relating to human rights.
According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, whatever race, culture, religion and nationality, all men on earth are born free, equal and possess all forms of right covering economic, social, cultural, civil and political aspects. Every individual has the responsibility to respect the rights of others. It demonstrates the universal values shared by all human beings: civilization, consideration, honesty, fairness, solidarity, openness, acceptance, recognition, relationship, compassion.  To maintain international peace, these values are recognized and expressed by law to guide us how to exercise our rights without invading or taking away the rights of others, promoting a concrete practice to protect human rights in a manner of reciprocity, equality and mutual respect. Law reflects ethics, it functions through juridical authority and sanction on improper behaviors.
A school must not harass or victimize the learner. According to the Bill of rights (108 of 1996:sec.9 (1)) everyone is equal before the law. The right to equality comes with following responsibilities: everyone must be treated fairly and equally, and do not discriminate unfairly against anyone on the basis of status, race, gender, nationality, disability, lan-guage, culture and ethnicity. Subsection 9(2) supports the rights with responsibilities as it states that equality includes the full and equal enjoyment of all rights and freedoms. South Africa is a unique and diverse nation, and people found in it are different.
According to the United Nations Organisation, Human Rights can be defined as those rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination (Human Rights, United Nations [APA], n.d.). Women’s rights are the fundamental human rights that were enshrined by the United Nations for every human being on the planet earth nearly 70 years ago. These rights include the right to live free from violence, slavery and discrimination; to be educated; to own
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), proclaimed in 1948 by the United Nations' General Assembly provided a standard of fundamental human rights that all nations must aspire to protect. Some of the basic human rights include: the right to life and liberty, right to freedom of expression, the right to quality education and adequate work opportunities and freedom from slavery and torture. In order to provide a legal framework that will lay down the obligations of governments to protect human rights and the fundamental freedoms of peoples and social groups, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights together with UHDR developed the International Bill of Human Rights. This bill provided a legal standard for the basic economic, social and cultural rights countries must afford their citizens. It has also provided a framework for countries to integrate the need to uphold the common good in order to promote human dignity.
Human rights are’’ commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled because she or he is human being’’ human rights are thus conceived as universal [applicable everywhere] and egalitarian [the same for everyone] these rights may exist as natural rights as legal rights, in both national and international law. The doctrine of human rights in international practice within government organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world .in the idea of human rights it says,’’ if the public discourse of peacetime global society can b said to have a common moral language it is that of human rights.’’ Despite this, the strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke
The family shall be the natural unit and basis of society. It shall be protected by the State . . .” Similarly, article 23 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides: “(1) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State. (2) The right of men and women of marriageable age to marry and to found a family shall be recognized.” Furthermore, article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides: “(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.