Role Of Human Rights In International Law

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Introduction Human rights are understood as rights which belong to an individual as a consequence of being human and for no other reason. Hence human rights are the rights people are entitled to simply because they are human beings, irrespective of their citizenship, nationality, race, ethnicity, language, gender, sexuality, or abilities; human rights become enforceable when they are codified as Conventions, Covenants, or Treaties, or as they become recognized as Customary International Law. No one needs to possess a qualification in order to enjoy their human rights. It is important that one exercise their human rights otherwise they would feel like their “rights” are being infringed upon. Human rights are mandated to protect citizens and…show more content…
Every individual is equally entitled to their own human rights without discrimination. According to F.Nel and J.Bezuidenhout (1997) human rights are those rights which human beings are perceived to have by virtue of their humanity and inherent dignity and not by virtue of human laws and customs. Human rights may be regarded as a method of attaining the aim of human dignity. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law in the form of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International rights law lays down the obligations of governments to act in a certain way and to refrain from certain acts to protect human right and fundamental freedoms of individual or groups. Human rights are universal and inalienable which means that rights should not be taken away except in specific situations and due process and also governments/states should promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms of people regardless of their economic,political,and cultural systems. Human rights are interdependent and indivisible which means the deprivation of one rights adversely affects the other rights and that all human rights have the same basic characteristics and should be upheld through the medium of equally potent and enforcement mechanisms.…show more content…
The Protection of Human Rights in South Africa. A Legal and Practical Guide (2nd Ed). Juta&Co.Ltd • Thee, M. (1993). The Philosophical-existential issues of the human rights project-Challenges for the 21st century. In Bard-Adders,Andreassen and Theresa Swinehart Human Rights in Developing Countries, Yearbook 1993. Nordic Human Rights Publications. • Van der Vyfer. J. The Doctrine of Human Rights: Its Historical and Philosophical Foundation Paper presented at the first All-African Human Rights Moot Court Competition, Pretoria (1995) • World Conference on Cultural Policies (1982) • • Montreal Principles on Women’s Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, (2004) 26 Human Rights Quarterly 760-80 at 763; Appendix G • •

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