All mentioned above point to the fact that the process of problem-solving in the 21st century is closely linked to engineering and technology, and particularly requires competencies related to computer science (CS). It seems that many teachers do not integrate ideas of computer science much beyond the pure use of computers as a tool in current STEM education (Schulz & Pinkwart, 2015). In too many schools, science and math are still taught mostly in isolation from each other, and engineering is absent. To be sure, in a growing number of high schools (in the USA) and even some middle schools, a pre-engineering curriculum is becoming more common. But more often than not, these engineering courses are offered as electives without strong connections to core courses like physics, algebra, geometry,
There are many problems like Bullying, cyber crime, copyright issues, security threat, Social unawareness causes many critical. To avoid and prevent threats in digital world , digital literacy is essential. It is nothing but creating awareness in digital space. 5. Review of Literature Elango,B (2010) conducted survey of Digital information literacy of IFET engineering college faculty members in Villupuram and concluded there is a need of an orientation programme to improve the skills in e-resources and internet search tools to the faculty members of IFET College of Engineering,
The “E” stands for “electronic” and “recruitment”. Often, E-recruitment is known as online recruiting, social recruiting or Internet recruiting, however, this thesis will refer to E-recruitment for simplicity. To add to the previously introduced definition of recruitment, E-recruitment can only be described as the process of any personnel advertising or attracting, selection and application processing via the Internet, for external candidates, or Intranet, for internal candidates. The findings from Holm’s (2012) thesis were that there was a difference between the paper-based and the electronic-based recruitment process. From the findings, Holm’s found that the electronic-based recruitment process began with few electronic tools for line managers to commence the recruitment process, e.g.
As quoted earlier, it has been further driven by the development and access of the information technology tools, which was initially designed for only communication. Later on, it is widely used in formal and informal learning process. In this context, I have failed to locate any research that raises this issue to investigate in the higher technical education of Nepal. I came to conclude that, a little attention is given to the self-directed learning matter in higher technical education. But there are some research works in the global perspectives by Zimmerman, Hiemestra, Chen and Theunissen, who had explored the issue from different perspectives.
These recommendations help to protect the British computer industry in the 1960s [Campbell Kelly, 1989]. [Advisory Council for Applied Research and Development (ACARD), Software: A Vital Key to UK Competitiveness (London, 1986).] The ACARD Report: majority of the scientist and technologist was the part of this report; they give little emphasis on the structural analysis of the U.K Software industry, but they give more emphasis that there is requirement to give more importance and to develop better software engineering training and methodologies. Peter. C. Grindley of the London Business School  conduct enquiry in UK software industry and conclude that technology were not problem of the industry but there is need of establishment independent software industries in U.K and support for software engineering.
It usually includes a substantial interactive element. Except for self-study software, CALL is meant to supplement face-to-face language instruction, not replace it. Computer-assisted language learning requires a convergence of several other related pedagogical fields such as educational psychology, linguistics, web-based instruction, artificial intelligence, and second language acquisition. Over the years it has been known by several other terms such as technology-enhanced language learning (TELL), computer-assisted language instruction and computer-aided language learning, but the field is the same. The role of computers in language teaching has changed significantly in the last 30 years.
In the era of modernisation, Information & Communication Technology (ICT) has enhanced our lives by allowing us to access all kinds of information. Unfortunately, not everyone in this world can access the internet. In some developing areas with insufficient internet accessibility, people still remain unconnected. This is the so called digital divide, which is defined as the gap between those who have ready access to computers and the Internet, and those who do not have. Digital divides mostly exist in developing countries.
- Web-supported Tex-book Courses – On-line test books, study materials are made available on the web-sites. - Peer-to-peer Courses – A new online field emerged in 2007 made available ‘on-demand’ and without a prepared curriculum. Challenges of Implementing ICT in Higher Education: The significant challenges that the higher education policy-makers and planners needs to take into account includes – Educational Policy & Planning, Infrastructure, Language & Content, Capacity Building, and Financing. Elements of ICT Planning in Higher Education – - Rigorous analysis of present state of the higher education system, consideration of ICT-based interventions, drivers & barriers to use ICT needs to be identified, - Specifications of educational goals at different educational & training levels needs to be evaluated - Identification of stakeholders and harmonizing the efforts across different interest groups. - Analyzing existing source of financing & developing the strategies for generating finance to implement ICT in higher education.
As for students information technology is self-centered due to the change in today’s system of working life .As in coming years students will differ using the software and equipment to their work force. Whilst the negative issue in using Information Technology is that if students and teachers start using information technology they’ll simply be depending on computers, instead of solving equations and doing research on
However, innovations in educational technology use of raised area as delivery mechanisms have challenged this model. Advances in Information Technology (IT) are enabling little used educational delivery methods such as Distance Learning (DL) to gain new life. In addition, the advances in IT have usher in a new standard, On-line Learning (OL). The result is that many universities have adopted distance and on-line education as the next logical step in educational delivery systems. These systems are being promoted as the educational pedagogy of the prospect.