Since, the African Nationalist said that independence given to African is false because true freedom comes with economic independence and the author calls this kind of practice as Neo-colonialism. The false independence Blaming Africa's woes on colonialism and neo-colonialism strikes a chord with many educated Africans, but emphasis on external forces has drawn attention away from internal factors crucial to an understanding of Africa's condition. With or without colonialization, African societies would still today be faced with fundamental economic dilemmas, argues Tunde
Hannah Lee Mrs White AP Literature 27 October 2014 The Death of Okonkwo and Igbo Culture The classic novel Things Fall Apart, written by a Nigerian author Chinua Achebe, has accounts of the Igbo people’s ways of living until the arrival of the Europeans who bring social and cultural change to Africa. In response to the stark negative portrayal of Africa by the biased European colonialists, the author attempts to reveal both problems and beauty in the African ethics; in order to provide a sharp criticism of imperialism, Achebe portrays the main character Okonkwo’s resistance in conforming to the new culture brought by the colonialists. In the novel, Okonkwo exhibits a solid personality that influences his response to numerous conflicts that he has to overcome, events that lead up to his suicide. Okonkwo’s responses reflect his character of little understanding and patience; however, some critics believe that the death shows the positive ideals and enriches the Igbo culture and society. Ultimately, in Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo’s death that is influenced by character and signifies the value of the complex Igbo culture and tradition.
Booth’s entire essay sought to affirm that Christianity is an African religion by showing how much its introduction into Africa was carried out by the black people who led the establishment of churches related to the Western controlling of distinguishable African character. Christianity was a factor of great change in Africa. It brought entirely new opportunities to some, and undermined the power of others. The spread of Christianity paved the way for many commercial speculators, and, in its original European form, denied people pride in their culture and ceremonies until Africans were able to fuse their own culture into it to truly make it their
” (1) Okonkwo’s ideal of becoming productive, wealthy, and strong defines the word “masculinity” used in Things Fall Apart. Throughout the novel, Okonkwo is illustrated as the most successful man in the Umuofia clan who built a magnificent farm from nothing. “Okonkwo did not have the start in life which many young men usually had. ” (16) In the story of Things Fall Apart, having barns full of yams is one of the status a masculine man should have. Those barns are usually inherited from their fathers and is passed on to their children.
Have you ever read a novel about African cultures and traditions from African point of view? The novel Things Fall Apart, a tragedy by Chinua Achebe, centers on one tragic hero in Igbo village of Umuofia in Nigeria and the effects of European arrival on his life and Igbo clan. Throughout the novel, Achebe introduces Igbo customs to the reader by creating several occurrences and how they react on them to claim that the Igbo is civilized before the Europeans arrive. The significant difference between Igbo and Western cultures is the way wisdom is passed on: Igbo oral traditions transmit values and knowledge orally by allegorical tales, while Western literary traditions educate people through generations by written texts, just like the novel itself. Even though these two traditions seem unlike, they have the same purpose of warning and teaching lessons to the audience, and together they serve an important effect of exposing distinct cultural traditions around the world to the reader.
Many stereotypes of African culture have emerged due to western literature and media and first hand accounts of explorers. Things Fall Apart offers a view into the truth and reality of African cultures, which are often misconceptualized by these stereotypes. Acebe shows how African society functions well without assistance from foreign travelers. In Things Fall Apart, Achebe counters the imperialist stereotypes of Africa by keeping certain words in the Igbo language, as opposed to translating them into English, to fight back against the spreading western culture and to embrace their own way of life. He also counters the imperialist stereotypes of Africa by using Igbo proverbs to show how their culture values many of the same things that western
He shows how tribes develop values and norms in their interactions identifying what their culture is……….or their why. The author illustrates how our people are “nudged” through stages of group ascension performing as highly functioning “life is great” tribes.
If Things Fall Apart had been written is a different time, how and why might it differ? Chinua Achebe, the author of the post-colonial novel Things Fall Apart, founded a Nigerian literary movement which wrote about the traditional oral culture of its indigenous peoples in the 1950’s. Achebe sought to convey understanding of this culture in response to novels, such as Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, which portray native Africans as primitive, socially backward and language-less. In his novel, Achebe shatters the stereotypical European litera-ture in which Africans are described as primitive and mindless savages. "The writer cannot be excused from the task of re-education and regeneration that must be done.
From the understanding of the empowerment theory, one can see its positive relevance to South Africa’s decolonization and Africanization process. This can be so in that, a critical analysis on pre 1994 South Africa shows that the Republic was under white colonial rule of the National Party which sort to increase patterns of colonial discrimination of the Black South Africans through the devolution of political structures and the promotion of a putative independence in the African reserves Laura (2012). Race also played a pivotal role during this colonial period. The White rule was characterized by installation of oppression, denial of opportunities and poverty on the black majority based on belief in biological racial difference and hierarchy. This exemplifies the notion of oppression, discrimination and powerlessness suffered by the marginalized individuals and groups in some societies as argued by the empowerment theory.
For example, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie who receives Commonwealth Prize for Literature for her first novel Purple Hibiscus also receives Orange Prize for her same novel and for her Half of a Yellow Sun. She follows tradition like Chinua Achebe, also targets issues of social and political issues directly or indirectly of the status of Nigeria. However, her Half of a Yellow sun speaks the most direct attack of Nigeria and Biafra war. Her Purple Hibiscus shows the impact of colonization of Nigeria. It visualizes the facts of ethnic tensions and political imbalance and the fear of racial injustice and cultural identity and power supremacy among the people as well as rulers.