Role Of Intervention

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The Objective of the Intervention
The objective is to implement a structured system that will assist in guiding interventions on a national scale. The focus of the intervention is that of accomplishing a decrease in the statistics of childhood obesity, by means of short, intermediate and long-term strategies. DeMattia and Lee Denney (2008), state that a comprehensive short-term programme must be of such a nature that it leads to further initiative in long-term success.
The Target Population
The target population is not only the individuals affected by obesity but also the family and community that the child finds her/himself in.
The Intervention
The intervention focuses on changing the general environmental influences affecting the child
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Secondly, many of the short-term interventions did not translate into long-term goals, which is possibly due to the lack of finances but also the limiting nature of the programmes strategies. In regards to the Bronfenbrenner model the focus of the programmes were on macro and exo-system rather than the micro-system, thus lacking grassroots approaches involving the immediate community.
a. South African Intervention
The Objective of the Intervention
The World Health Organisation developed a global strategy for the control and prevention of non-communicable diseases; including obesity. The objective of this particular study focuses on implementing the strategy in poverty-stricken areas of Cape Town. The goal is to adapt the model in order to successfully meet the needs of the community (Puoane, Bradley and Hughes, 2006).
The Target Population
The target population is the township community of Khayalitsha, based in Cape Town.
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We propose that the model best suited to this intervention is Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. This theory was chosen because it encapsulates all the different levels involved in the psychosocial problem of obesity. Initially, the intervention focused on the individual level, the micro-system. The community health workers were educated to develop personal skills that were later used to benefit the community’s health. These health care workers act as a direct link between other individuals of the community and the health facilities, which constitutes as the meso-system. According to Bronfenbrenner’s theory, the exo-system has an indirect influence on the individual, for example the economy. The authors researched the economic standing of the target population and factored it in whilst developing the intervention. Lastly, the macro-system includes the cultural values and norms that is directly related to the community’s view of obesity, which was incorporated into the

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