Pundit Bahar Sharma Guleri says that ‘The Muslims came from another land in India and established ‘Khari Boli’ (the name of the language) in Agra, Delhi, Saharanpur, Meerut, but the use of their culture and society, has given rise to Urdu language’. ‘With the evolution of Khari Boli, Rikhta was established in 1700 A.D. though Braj Bhasha was the popular language of that century. According to Linguistic analysis of that era Urdu language had
Eastern Pashto is spoken in northeastern Pakistan. Pashto is a variation of the Arabic Script and is written using the Arabic Script (Zuhra & Nauman, 2005) I found that this the way to express past tense in the Pashto language Introduction The Pashto language is considered one of the Indo-European language family. It is considered a language of Afghanistan spoken as a first language. The Pashto language uses the Arabic script as their writing system, they write from right to left as in Arabic, there is a lot of words borrowed from the Arabic, Iranian and Turkish language. In Pashto, the most common order for the word is subject–object–verb (SOV).
Faculty of Humanity and Social Sciences Department of General Linguistics Field Methods in Linguistics Adverb in Pashto language (adverb of frequency, adverb of time) Aisha Jumah Rashed Alqaidy 201101805 Dr. Tommi Leung Section 51 Fall 2016 Abstract: This paper examines adverb in different ways. However, Pashto one of the national languages of Afghanistan. Major Pashto speaking cities in Afghanistan are Kandahar (Qandahar), Kabul. There are two major dialects of Pashto: Western Pashto spoken in Afghanistan and in the capital, Kabul, and Eastern Pashto spoken in northeastern Pakistan. Most speakers of Pashto speak these two dialects.
Abstract: During Mughal India Zaminadar the idiom covered wide range of local land rights assuming the position of local rajas. These rights were also hereditary. So far in Maharashtra the term Zamindar related to local hereditary officials who were called Deshmukh or Desais. One can notice Desai or Deshmkh Deshkulkarni Patil and Kulkarni hereditary officers operating over Paragna and village level. Pargana is Persian term which means r egion.
Moreover, the Balkan languages, spoken mostly in the Balkans and far Western Turkey. Hellenic languages, which are mostly spoken in Greece and the Aegean Islands, which migrated there after the conquest of Alexander the Great. Furthermore, are the Anatolian languages of Anatolia, as well as, the Armenian languages spoken in Armenia and nearby areas, like Eastern Turkey. Indo-Iranian languages from India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Kurdish areas of Iraq and Turkey. Next, the Tocharian languages that came
The Linguistic Mediator employs his own competence in the institutional-business-cultural relationships with foreign countries in multi-ethnic and multi-cultural contexts, in both a national and foreign domain. Such objectives are reached through the both the practical and theoretical study of two or three foreign languages, and of the techniques of interpreting and translation. Besides the expansion of the linguistic structures and the theoretical reflection, the students acquire, through frontal lessons, exercises, seminars and various collateral activities of context (conferences share, cultural events in foreign language, complete lectures etc.) a deep historical-cultural-literary knowledge, related to the context of the studied languages. The didactic-formative track aims to the acquisition of a theoretical and practical knowledge, which can be used in contexts of linguistic
There has been a marriage of languages, those imported from the West, and those that are homegrown. English has been domesticated, remade, and are still “carving out large territories for (ourselves) within its frontiers.” (2540) Rushdie In Pakistan, Urdu is our national language but the members of national assembly, proudly take their oath in poor English, whereas some take in Pashto, Punjabi or Sindhi. Most of the speeches given by the President or Prime Minister are in English. Although our official languages are Urdu and English, the government speeches are delivered in different languages, which also include our regional languages. There are already several schools in our country that are English medium and in order to create equality across our Ahmed
It is the international medium of teaching, writing and reading and sourse of global knowledge is open to international readership through this language. Persian national context has been choosen with the aim of exploring rhetorical and discursive cross-cultural differences. There is no dubt that comparative metadiscourse analysis of texts written by native speakers of L2 and those written by L2 learners can help L2 learners improve their knowledge of L2 but I believe that comparing structural and cultural differences between texts written by native L1 and L2 speakers may have a greater impact on learning L2 as it provides a broader view of hidden cultural communicational rules in both
Language is a tool that uses to communicate in a group of people that understood each other. The existence of language cannot be separated from human life. According to Holmes (1992), every language represents the temple in which the speaker’s soul is his/her devotee. It seems that everything related to human life in the society involves language because it is through the language that interaction among ethnic groups, tribes, and religions can happen. However, language is not always able to maintain by the ethnic group especially in the multilingual societies.
BLOOD, FIRE & TEARS: Kashmir In 1947 October, the British Indian subcontinent split into 2 independent area followed by different religion, which is India and Pakistan. India was Hinduism, and Pakistan was an Islam. During this separation, some of the Native States were under the England`s direct ruling, and this states` incorporation became problem between two countries. Kashmir is the one of those problems that India and Pakistan are having. Kashmir is geologically located middle of India and Pakistan, but religiously most of residents are Muslims.