Dismissing religion-based explanation, this narrative establishes that Boko Haram is a localised symptom of a wider malaise, namely structural poverty and exclusion, across Nigeria. Indeed, the corrupt political elites, by failing to foster development, have condemned the country to socio-economic deprivation . As a response, Boko Haram has been trying to replace malfunctioning secular institutions with Sharia – the Islamic law that regulates a Muslim’s life. Overall, this discourse assigns blame to the ruling elite as it deems it unable develop a model of good governance in Nigeria. Hence, the solution would be to replace the central government with one that successfully delivers security and development.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
A second distinction points to the differences between structural and contingent causes of state failure. In the structural category three main arguments are commonly put forward. Firstly, the Westphalian ideal of statehood has not successfully taken root across all of Africa because of inhospitable local conditions to state building. A second structural argument centres on the problems posed by political geography especially resources. The third argument revolves around the concept of the security dilemma in which certain actors hasten state collapse in fear of an ungoverned future
She draws parallels between the war on telephone poles and the racism towards the African American, criticizing the American civilization and society. She says that the war on telephone poles was powered “by that terribly American concern for private property and a reluctance to surrender it to a shared utility”. The Whites’ dislike of the poles is possibly a symbol of the dislike towards the African American. The typical white American of this period is portrayed as evil and close minded and the telephone poles are interfering with the white territory – just like the African American. A “fear, that distance, as it had always been known and measured, was collapsing” which can be read as if the white Americans of that day feared that segregation at one point might collapse and evaporate.
Their inability to make choices on their own, and their fear of their surroundings caused them to look elsewhere for explanation if they did not agree with what their own religion believed. However, the Christian missionaries in Things Fall Apart is a symbol for the entire imperialist movement into Africa, and because the Africans were not able to understand what was going on, they feared the white man’s power. This passage in the novel represents the theme of unknown fear, and gives insight on the ending of the book and the downfall of African civilization as they knew
Chinua Achebe, in his widely cited book, "The Trouble with Nigeria" accurately pointed out that "the trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a failure of leadership." Leading a multiple ethnic and religious society such as Nigeria, while staying dedicated to democratic principles is a tough task. This is because integrating numerous ethnic groups into one political system brings along the fundamental issues of ethnic battles. Change is constant in any society and it takes a devoted leadership to achieve a remarkable change in a society. Since 1960, Nigeria has experienced successive societal changes.
order affected the individual lives and left them with despair. Not only Salim and Ferdinand but the all young boys and businessmen met with the tragic end. The society again would have to start itself from the beginning after these feuds. The fourth chapter explains how the freedom wears mask and hides its face in Africa. Many countries, ruled by the Europeans, have struggled to secure their individuality; they eventually succeeded getting the freedom.
Bangladesh 's working standards combined with the corrupt government has produced an inhospitable working environment for Bangladesh 's population. Whether it be the incidents at Rana Plaza or Tazreen, it is clear that the system is broken and that those in power have no intention of fixing it. The corrupt officials of the garment industry wish to continue the persistent poverty to maintain their inflow of cheap, exploitable labour. Bangladesh is just one example of the dangers of globalisation and the inherent corruption that comes with it. Mosse 's theories on poverty help to illustrate how and why places like Bangladesh continue to remain in a state of economic despair.
Nigerians are rightly outraged by the xenophobic attacks by some South African against Africans from other parts of the continent. The attacks bring shame to the country of Nelson Mandela. In condemning the attacks, there should not be the mistakenly belief that all South Africans are xenophobic – the xenophobes are the minority. It is also justifiable for anyone to criticise the South African government for not doing enough to stem the tide of xenophobic attacks that first started in 2008 because if it had, xenophobic attacks will not be reoccurring. It will also be right to be critical of the South African media for their reportage of crimes involving Africans from other African countries that profiled such criminals by nationalities.
Evidence accumulated by the commission demonstrates that South Africa experiences abnormal amounts of defilement that undermine the control of law and prevent the state's capacity to impact advancement and financial change. The performance of state frameworks of responsibility has been uneven empowering defilement to thrive. Although the whole nation is hurt by debasement, the cost falls most vigorously on the poor through the effect on the quality and openness of open administrations. Defeating the twin difficulties of defilement and absence of responsibility in our general public requires a strong framework comprising of political will, sound organizations, a strong lawful establishment and a social lawful establishment and a dynamic citizenry that is engaged to consider open authorities