Almost from the early days of the Raj, the Indian version of English has seen tremendous growth and unlimited changes deeply mingled with its cultural heritage, which has led to the evolution of what is, for all needed purposes, a language of its own. A hybrid kind of form of English stalks the land, flouting its huge popularity. The rise of Indianised English runs parallel to tectonic changes in social aspirations. There can be no promotion, no social advancement, and no status without the knowledge of English. Indian English has started a long journey and it has been entertaining and educating while weaving and mixing together a history of new verbal patterns that reflect social, technological and cultural trends.
They stressed on Indian expertise in administration. Devdatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (1875- 1950) was one such historian who published books on Ashoka and ancient Indian political institutions. Other notable writers were Hemachandra Raychaudhuri (1892-1957), who wrote on the time of the Bharata war (10th century) to the end of the Gupta empire and also, R.C. Majumdar (1888-1980) who was the general editor of the multi-volume publication History and Culture of the Indian
Narayan carried the Indo-English novel towards an achievement that goes beyond mere aspiration. He is the child of the Gandhian Age. His artistic exploitation of the rich resources of India’s past in relation to the complex present is strikingly evident in Kanthapura. It is the story of how the Congress for India’s freedom came to a small south Indian village Kanthapura. Therefore, the first remarkable feature of post-Independence Indian English fiction is the consolidation of their reputations by the leading trio Anand, Narayan, and Raja Rao.
Indian literature in English originated as a necessary result of the introduction of English education in India under the colonial law. In recent years it -Dhavan R.K. is of the opinion that- It is now recognized has attracted widespread interest, both in India and abroad.1 (Dhavan: 1986, 5) Indian literature in English is not only part of Commonwealth literature, but also occupies a Great significance into the World literature.2 (Dhavan: 1986, 5) Today, innumerable Indian English writers have contributed significantly to modern English literature. Ram Mohan Roy who heralded the Indian Renaissance and Macaulay who suggested English in Indian educational system were probably aware of what was in amass for the Indians in terms of literary
“THE CIVILIZATION IN AMITAV GHOSH’S NOVELS” INTRODUCTION English is a foreign language but since the British came to India the language has an impact on several fields in education, literary effort and as a medium of communication. Indian English Literature refers to that body of work by writers from India, who writes in the English language and whose native or co-native language could be one of the numerous regional and indigenous languages of India. English literature in India is also linked with the works of writers of the Indian Diaspora born in India but residing elsewhere. A pioneer of this literature was Raja Ram Mohan Roy whose prose works is note worthy. There were poets who are considered the first of the Indian English poets Henry Vivian Derozio, Madhusudan Dutt, Aru and Toru Dutt, and Manmohan Ghose.
Indian women novelists have given a new dimension to the Indian literature. Indian English literature has developed over a period of time and writing in English did not start in a day. It took many years and several distinguished personalities to bring the present status and distinction to Indian English literature. Indian literature is not only about novels, it is also about poetries and short stories. Before the rise of novels, several women writers composed songs, short stories and small plays.
The study of Indian English poetry is incomplete without the study of women poets. In the poetry of Indian women poets of modern age, their silences speak more and better than the words do. The women poets in the post-independence India emphasise their feminine sensibilities vis-á-vis search for identity in a unique and creative way. Apart from the expression of self and identity, their poetry captures the moments of intense experiences of private life with all its uniqueness and immediacy. The confessional
There are many writers such as Amitav Ghosh, Upamanyu Chatterjee, Vikram Seth, Arundhati Roy, Rohinton Mistry, etc who have explored many themes, undertaken different way of writing, yet kept the flame of writing high. Indian English Literature does not only consist of writing in English but also consist of those literatures that are translated from the regional languages in India into English. Apart from these there are other categories where in different texts are categorized as such as Dalit Literature and Tribal Literature. These are also regarded as the marginalized literatures. 3.