Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): ERP refers to an information system that controls and integrates the different business functions of an organisation. It is a multi-module application that integrates the activities of different departments such as production, finance, human resource, and marketing. The objective of ERP system is to maintain a smooth flow of management information throughout an organisation, thereby enabling the manger to make effective decisions. ERP Implementation: The process of implementing an ERP system in an organisation is called ERP implementation lifecycle or ERP lifecycle, which comprises of number of phases. The phases are: I. Pre-evaluation screening: It includes examining all the available ERP systems and those
Selection decision Logistics outsourcing is a strategic level decision. Selecting the ideal service provider will be a result of a process involved some main factors such as organizational culture, scale and type of operations, capabilities and customer base. Voortman (2004) has proposed a sequence by which a third party service provider, a public warehouse in particular should have been strategically chosen by senior management. Quantifying the exact need/ purpose for the company in terms of warehousing. Generating a set of options as per above needs.
Spend data management principles and solutions being applied to multiple business areas: The link between spend data management and sourcing and supplier management is obvious. However, accurate spend data is an equally critical to other business objectives, including compliance management, inventory management, budgeting and planning, and product development and management. Renewed focus in these areas is fueling additional interest in spend data management. 3. E-sourcing users view spend data management applications and services as key to next round of savings.
The supply chain not only includes the manufacturers and suppliers, but also transporters, warehouses, retailers and customers themselves. Within each organization, such as manufacturing, the supply chain includes all functions involved in receiving and filling
Michael Porter suggested that the activities of a business could be grouped as Primary Activities and Secondary Activities. 1. Primary Activities - these are directly concerned with creating and delivering a product (e.g. component assembly). They consist of: • Inbound logistics: These are all the processes related to receiving, storing, and distributing inputs internally.
Thematic Analysis 1- Significance of the Research Study ERP plays a major role in Vendor Managed Inventory. A vendor managed inventory is a process where the manufacturer generates order for the manufacturer based on the demand created by the distributor using ERP. During this process the manufacturer follows mutually agreed objectives between the manufacturer and distributor for filling rates and transaction costs. In this regard, some ordering model in Vendor Managed Inventory for the retail industry will be discussed, and its effect on supply chain collaboration mechanism is reviewed, and finally the process cost reduction as a supplier, will be discussed as operational model and rate of this quantities improvement is measured. 2- Implementation
Analysis c. How does Wilkerson’s existing cost system operate? Develop a diagram to show how costs flow from factory expense accounts to products. Costing systems help companies determine the cost of a product related to the revenue it generates. Two common costing systems used in business are traditional costing and activity-based costing. Wilkerson is currently using the traditional costing system.
Introduction To develop a data warehouse, business requirement is one of the main factors. Business users like executive managers, business analysts require information for business decision and analysis purpose. To analyse or measure a particular fact, business dimensions are required. Suppose to analyse sales of a company, time, product, location, customer demographics are required. Time, product, location, customer demographics are called business dimensions.
Process Drive to achieve functional excellence and integration across all major processes. - Core supply chain processes driving the business. - Best in class approaches to our core processes (manufacturing, integrated demand planning, procurement, cycle-time, compression, dynamic deployment) - Bulk linkages with suppliers and customers. C. Organization Providing the critical success factors of cohesion, harmony and integration across organization entities - Level of cross functional integration is required to manage core processes effectively - Leverage cross-company skills and abilities - Performance measurement and reporting structure help to achieve objectives D. Technology Empowers the Supply Chain to operate on a new level of performance and is creating clear competitive advantages for those companies able to harness it. - IT platform and core applications software support world-class SCM - Advanced decision support capabilities have the greatest impact on business performance - Data are required to manage the core business
The value chain performance needs to link the business performance to effectively show the relationship to the corporate finance. Therefore, competitive advantage plays an important role. Competitive advantage suggests other factors play a role in the industry leadership such as inherited factors. Clusters are formed which can grow branches as sufficient materials and labor is sufficient to retain business. They are formed with companies that are interconnected, companies that provide services or suppliers.