Kant is not envisage the establishment of a world government or even unite sovereignty, but more into a ‘loose’ federation that consist of free state which governed by the rule of law. His thought is known as utopia . But however,he believes that peace can be reached under certain circumtances such as the establishing repulic as opposed to the monarchy. Substancially, his theory is to set the world free and create peaceful anarchy system, eventhough some of his statement is debated by the other philosopher. There are several assumpsion
This concept is known as negative peace and as Martin Luther King puts it, it’s an “absence of tension”.  Here, I will have to note that peace applies not only to interstate affairs. Negative peace doesn’t mean that the nations that were at war are living as before, conducting trade, etc., so this situation or state of affairs is basically close to becoming violent sooner or
Although political action is not guided by universal moral principles, it does have moral significance. Using the domestic order as evidence, Morgenthau states “[i]t is not the legal order which ultimately enforces compliance with its limitations upon the holders of governmental power (…) In other words, at the basis of the legal order there is moral order” (Morgenthau, 1945, p. 147), which ultimately ensures compliance with the law. On the international level, that moral order is absent, making collective security
"Empathy, evidently, existed only within the human community, whereas intelligence to some degree could be found throughout every phylum and order including the arachnida." (3.16) Rick hardly ponders empathy at all. He rarely talks about what is right or fair because he is so absorbed into his life's routine. Although his situation is not ideal, he embraces the pros and cons and strives to live a financially decent life. Rick doesn't appear to love or hate his life.
Jager (2015) defines idealism as a theory that states that our reality is shaped by our thoughts and ideas. Realism on the other hand deals with the fact that reality has an absolute existence independent from our thoughts, ideas and even consciousness. This essay intends to contrast idealism and realism that is outlining the differences between the two theories. The first part is the comparison of the two theories, the second part discusses the differences between the theories with examples to elaborate. In conclusion the essay purpose that the reader is able to differentiate with a clear understanding of the two theories in the context of international relations.
From these listless articles, I will critically review two of them in a way to show how the concept and practices are on the ground. An article was written by Vincent Chetail and Oliver Jütersonke which titled “ Peacebuilding: A Review of the Academic Literature “ mainly discussed the concept, while the other which written by Mandy Turner, titled “ Peacebuilding as counterinsurgency in the occupied Palestinian territory” took Palestine as a case. In my view, both articles contradict each other in the implementation of peacebuilding, talked on similar points and aimed to emphasize that all peacebuilding attempts are to fulfill the development needs. To criticize both articles parallel, the paper is not going to summarize each one separately but match the
Introduction: To live in a place, where equality, peace, security and dignity are guaranteed is a good fortune to those who found a just society. Though it is not an easy task to establish a just society but it is not an impossible idea. Just society requires a society of law abiding citizens who work together for the betterment of the society, where laws are human rights informed and social policies are effective. The paper will focus on the notion of a just society supported by Rawls theory of justice, concept of human rights supported by Donnelly and Freeman’s arguments, human rights laws as requirement for just society supported by Vieru’s arguments, importance of citizen’s virtue in a just society supported by Kymlicka’s arguments. The
Political stability is the lastingness, the durability and the strength of a government regime (Ask.com, 2014). A stable political system will have a stable government system too. Therefore, a stable political system will have less or almost no internal warfare or conflicts and huge changes in the government. Political stability also means that the environment is secured, reliable and the people have trust on the government and can count on the government. Revolution, terrorism and confrontation will not take places if there is no political instability in a regime.
Featherston is of the opinion that peace building as a term should be used to describe the operation that takes place after conflicts and concerns the reconstruction of one or all of a number of key infrastructures such as the economy, society or political functions. Peace building is planned and implemented with the aim of ensuring that conflict does not break out again. Unlike peacemaking, peace building is a mixture of military and civilian activity. A former Secretary –General of the UN, Boutros Boutros-Ghali defined peace building as “action to identify and support structures designed to strengthen and consolidate peace … often [started] prior to the end of a conflict, to hasten the establishment of peace on firm foundations”.
Depending on how one uses the media, it can either be an important tool to create peace or a crucial weapon in conflict. Johan Galtung has created the original Peace Journalism model, in where he creates a distinction between war and peace journalism. Where Peace Journalism aims to create solutions and is truth-oriented, war journalism is propaganda – and victory oriented . One can argue, that during peace the media will tell the truth and during war, the media will tell lies and