In December of 2010 large uprisings and revolutions started around the Middle East and Northern Africa known as Arab Spring. In mid-March of 2011, the Syrian people protested the torture of students and fiercely demanded reforms, then, the government killed four protesters. This results in a full blown civil war, still ongoing to this very day. In both of these cases, revolutions are fighting against the politics of barbaric totalitarianism and inadmissible greed. Although the Animal Farm revolution and the Syrian revolution are vastly different in duration and cause, both share one thing in common – torture and inhumane actions towards the general public.
The Argentina dirty war took place between 1976-1979. The Dirty War in Argentina started after a military junta overthrew President Isabel Martínez de Perón and established a military dictatorship. The military dictatorship took over the country, and ran rampant, doing anything they wanted to. The military seized people from the streets, they were likely to never be seen again. As more evidence of human and civil rights violations came to light, The relatives of the disappeared formed a group called the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo and held a demonstration that brought international attention to the government-sponsored terrorism.
The first major skirmish that changed the historical trajectory of the young nation started brewing in 1965 and the following year, discontented young soldiers mostly from the East led by Maj. Kaduna Nzeogwu who at the time felt the civilian government was highly corrupt and inefficient staged a coup on 15 January 1966. It was a bloody strike and the country lost political giants from the North, namely Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (Prime Minister at the time) and Ahmadu Bello (Premier of the northern region) among other prominent politicians from the region. A few others were lost in the south as
This can be defined as a violent conduct created basically to create fear in people, for political reasons. A typical example of a political terrorism is the Kenyan unrest of 2007. Following the outcomes of the Kenyan General Elections on Sunday, 30th December 2007, sporadic violence occurred among communities that resulted to several losses, injuries, destruction of properties and a high number of immigration. The violence was as a result of disputes caused by political parties over election results. Over 100,000 people were affected one way or the other.
The 1978 “Operation King Dragon” was a watershed moment in the history of the Rohingya people. While tensions have always existed since the 1950s where ethnic Rakine and Muslim communities demanded autonomy from the Myanmar government (Smith, 1999), “Operation King Dragon” culminated in legislative action that stripped all Rohingya of citizenship in 1982. Since then, there have been intermittent moves by the Myanmar state to impose forced labour, inflict violence and enforce policies of discrimination on the Rohingya. Such patterns of persecution have continued till today, and have actually worsened as Myanmar undertakes democratic reforms. This has resulted in many Rohingya being targeted for killing and increased the number of refugees seeking refuge in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia (Singh, 2014).
In 1979 the refugees had reached the official number of 1.3 million with more than half established in the north (Ahmed & Green, 1999). This had put tremendous pressure on the nation’s economy and Barre oppressed those refugees unrelentingly. Barre’s regime was especially hostile to those refugees in the north, particularly the people of the Issaq clan; in addition Barre used the refugee crisis as an excuse to request foreign aid. These northerners were barred from working in the government and many of the Ogaden refugees were recruited by the Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF) and were terrorizing the Issaq people living in the region to the point where they feared the WSLF more the Ethiopian Army (The African Watch Committee, 1990). The actions of the Barre regime and the subjugation of the Issaq people led to a civil war and the region which is known as Somaliland declared its independence.
Muslim militants have risen up and began fighting back due to the mistreatment of the Rohingya. This backlash has caused the myanmar military to start attacking the muslim militant as well as innocent civilians within the rakhine state. The havoc that is occuring in the rakhine state is illustrated in an article from BBC news, it says “The latest exodus began on 25 August after Rohingya Arsa militants attacked more than 30 police posts... At least 6,700 Rohingya, including at least 730 children under the age of five, were killed in the month after the violence broke out, according to Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF). Amnesty International says the Myanmar
Introduction- The Arab spring was a series of protests and armed rebellions against the government which took place in Middle East in early 2011. These protests were a core expression of deep-seated resentment at the ageing Arab dictatorships. Due to the brutality of the security apparatus, unemployment, rising prices, and corruption that followed the privatization of state assets in some countries, the people got angry and started the protest which gave rise to many such protests in the whole of middle east. There was no consensus on the political and economic model and Protesters in monarchies like Jordan and Morocco wanted to reform the system under the current rulers. Some calling for an immediate transition to constitutional monarchy,
But it became active after June, 2009 incident, where few members of Yusuf’s group who were part of some funeral procession engaged in argument with the officers of joint military and police unit in Maiduguri under the operation flush and later on officers ordered open fire and in such incident seventeen people were killed. After this, in July 2009, Yusuf followers in order to take revenge indulge in many attacks on Police Headquarters and Government in various states like Borno, Kano, Bauchi and Yobe etc. This lead to clash between members of Boko Haram Group and Security Forces which resulted into serious violation of human rights as police and security forces indulges into unlawful killing. At the end of this clash between these two armed group resultant into death of approximately 800 people. This incident thereafter leads to arrest of Group leader Yusuf in Maiduguri capital of Borno.
Unfortunately, 180 people were wounded and the police shot and killed 69 of the protestors, many of which were killed while fleeing. Numerous others were additionally killed in other parts of the country. The significance of this day lies in the fact it exposed the Apartheids government’s violation of human rights to the rest of the world. So essentially, the fight was about human rights. But has it changed?