Research of over the course 30 years showed that infants are far more competent, social, and responsive and are able to make sense of their environment. Infants are no longer regarded as passive and do not only respond to stimuli (Fantz, 1963). The theory of attachment that was first proposed by John Bowlby (1970) described it as a ‘lasting psychological connectedness between human beings’. He notion that children as young as infant need to develop a secure attachment with their main caregiver. Bowlby’s attachment theories are both psychopathology and normal socio-emotional development.
Attachment allows the children to have a secure base which is essential to explore, learn and uses the primary caregiver as a source of comfort (Benoit 2004).The way different children behave enables the parents to response in many different ways which are influenced by their attachment pattern (Rees 2007). Bowlby believed that an infant attachment behaviours are natural and will be activated by any condition which may threaten their proximity such as separation. The attachment relationship between the child and the caregiver prepares them for future relationships (Gantt et al 1995). Bowlby (1990) developed the attachment theory as a way of understanding how specific infants bond to others, he noticed infants engaging in certain behaviours such as smiling which led to a close and secure bond and relationship with their caregiver which portrayed a secure attachment towards their mother. Secure attachment is defined as when the infant feels secure and can freely express their emotions which will be comforting from their caregiver.
Attachment theory and romantic relationship The most salient person variable with regards to interpersonal relationships is the contact of attachment style, which is theoretically grounded in Bowlby's attachment theory. Attachment theory posits that when an infant is separated from the primary caregiver or attachment figure (usually the mother). A set of behaviors will ensue which serve the function of regaining proximity to the caregiver. This is known as the separation protest behavioral system (Bowlby, 1973). Separation protest is unique to attachment relationships.
It is interesting to read and think about how the relationships we form when we are very young affects us. Becoming Attached is an awesome resource to have when you are looking for support on the importance of attachment. Belsky's model when drawn out and understood fits into attachment styles in both the parents and children's lives. I think with today's fast-moving society, the importance of attachment is weakening or unknown to others. Like the ending of the book says, we place more attention on achievement and power in children today that it causes a hindrance on secure attachments and also has changed parenting styles.
He provided the four attachment styles , Ainsworth then built up upon the foundation of attachment . ( Attachment Theory , 2016 ) Like Bowlby Ainsworth she believed in Homeostatic systems but she took the research further with the strange situation With a failure of the intimal attachment can result in long term effects of the child’s development . Care givers pay a crucial part in the development of a child its important that they always tend to the child’s needs in an appropriate manner so that the child can have a healthy bond and development through infancy into adult hood . ( Firestone ,2013) Its evident through research and studies that attachment is important for the caregiver and most importantly the infant . ( McLead ,
Attachment is as an affection or fondness for someone or something. Attachment is “an affectionate bond between two individuals that endures through space and time and serves to join them emotionally”. (Butler.I, Hickman.C ,2011, pg 14) Attachment theory is the theory of how infant and caregiver bond from the works of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991 ).They use the approachs from animal behaviour, how people communicate, how infants process information, how people change over their life , and the unconscious mind. Attachment is “not synonymous with love or affection; it is not an overall descriptor of the relationship between the parent and child which includes other parent–child interactions such as feeding, stimulation, play or problem solving” (Prior, 2006, pg 15) Attachment theory is based on a emotional and physical attachment that is important to the personal development of a child. The attachment is shown by some behaviors in infants, such as needing closeness with the attachment figure when upset or threatened, the infant uses the figure as secure base that the child can use when in need of security and comfort (Bowlby, 1969).
Psychology Assignment. Whilst the process of attachment in early life may appear straightforward, there is however, a number of theories that can explain how this can vary. The development and importance of attachment in early life is well portrayed in psychological theory and in psychological research. The definition of attachment according to Bowlby (1982) (Psychological Science by Michael Gazzaniga Page 366) is that "attachment is a strong, emotional connection that persists over time and across circumstances". In order for a human being to have a successful social life in later years, it is of the utmost importance that emotional bonds act as building blocks for development.
Bowlby (1988) used attachment theory to explain that how the relationship between the infants and caregiver influenced infants' development. Attachment can determine the wariness of strangers in infants and the fear feeling of being separated from the caregivers. Separation anxiety can be usually seen when infants are separated with caregivers at the age about 6-8 months. In fact, infants increase preference to caregivers and
Essay on Family Reflection and Attachment Did you know that lack of attunement or misattunement from parent or primary caregiver can result in an insecure attachment? First, let’s define what is attunement? “attunement means being in harmony; being aware of and responsive to another” (Catlett, n.d.). The purpose of my paper is to explain more in depth the four types of attachments styles, learn more about the personal early childhood attachments styles, reflection on adult attachment styles and the implications of attachment styles for engagements. As a Social Work student understanding attachment theory along with my own attachment style is very important because I can use this knowledge as a tool during my assessment process when working with clients.