Political Thought II Final Examination Nationalism is belief in politics and ideas that a political party holds. Nationalism is when a person believes in a creed and all his/her activities are in line with that belief. Nationalism is when people become attached to their country, political leaders and government. Nationalism and patriotism are different and there are terms that people can easily confuse. Patriotism has more to do with how people have had beliefs that are skewed towards the society while nationalism has to do with trust and belief in a country/nation.
to exchange internal growth and advancement for the development of external possessions which can never be really hers?” The argument largely centered on upholding the quality of life in America. Accordingly, Carnegie wrote, “The luxuries of the masses in other lands are the necessaries of life in ours.” By avoiding the lure of imperialism, “(America is) impregnable against serious attack,” and can focus on its own internal advancement. Twain’s argument against imperialism differs strongly from the ideas of Carnegie. Twain views imperialism as contradictory to America’s core values. The Anti-Imperialist League uses democracy, or the concept of people holding the power, to assert, “that a government derives its just powers from the consent of the governed.” Twain claims, “There must be two Americas: one that sets the captive free, and one that takes a once captive's new freedom away from him.” Like the Anti-Imperialist League, Twain believes imperialism infringes upon the rights America claims to give individuals.
TALLINN 2015 Defenders of modern imperialism and colonialism long pleaded their case in terms of the white man’s burden, they reasoned that it was the obligation of advanced nation to help the people of backward nations. (Perkin, Palmer. 2007). Imperialism has a wide range of meaning as different people have varying levels of understanding, some definitions of imperialism are as defined by Moritz B. “ imperialism is a policy which aims at creating, organizing and maintaining an empire (which is a state of vast size composed of various more or less distinct national units and subject to a single centralized will”.
In his speech, Roosevelt addresses the American nation to shoulder their responsibilities nationally and internationally. He believes that only the strenuous life can play great role in the prosperity and welfare of the individuals and nation as well. Practically, Roosevelt was an ardent supporter of imperialism and wanted America to play integral role in world affairs and politics. This speech also depicts his policy of interventionism and imperialism. Roosevelt defends American imperialism by taking America’s national interests into consideration.
Cornell (2004) pointed out that autonomy and self –determination is the frequent goal of ethnic mobilizations (p. 245). In a cultural perspective, Guibernau (2006) argues that ethnic group demand self-rule in order to ‘to foster its distinct identity’ (p. 72-73). It may seem that such conflicts are common in multiethnic society where the existence of cleavages makes the formation of homogenous society very difficult. Furthermore, the establishment of a ‘national identity’ inevitably favor a certain faction of society that might cause uproar from other minority groups. We can therefore argue that “what matters is whether there is the perception of discrimination” (Cornell, 2004, p.
John Locke and John Stuart Mill’s dilemma in swimming to the islands of Fatherland and Bourgeouseville demand them to consider several key elements of each civilization. Each societies attitudes towards A fundamental element for Locke and Mill to consider in their decision, is the core purpose of government on each island, and the impact these different goals have on each civilization. The role of government in Fatherland, which is a Fascist regime, reflects the Fascist emphasis on government involvement in the lives of its people. In Benito Mussolini’s “The Doctrine of Fascism”, he describes the Fascist state as “the highest and most powerful form of personality, is a force, but a spiritual force, which takes over all the forms of moral and intellectual life of a man.” (pg. 376) This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree.
Many of these definitions overlap, but an important observation is that none is more correct than the other. One of the most important definitions of the concept belongs to Anthony Smith, who states that nationalism is "an ideological movement to obtain and preserve the autonomy, cohesion and identity of a population that some of its members regard as a" current or potential "nation" . As you can see, Smith emphasizes three main purposes of nationalism: autonomy, national unity and national identity, and even if the definition of this term is very much debated, Anthony Smith believes that nationalism is a phenomenon of modernity. And as there are different types of nationalism, civic nationalism is generally defined as a group of people who show some loyalty to civil rights or laws and are committed to complying with these laws. On the other hand, ethnic nationalism consists of a group that has a culture, a territory, a language, etc.
COMPARISON OF NATIONALIST MOVEMENTS BETWEEN INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINE INTRODUCTION. The beginning of the 20th century was a time of awareness movement of nationalism in countries in Asia. Nationalism is a feeling of love will race and Country to free the homeland from occupiers of involving the release of economic and foreign culture. Based on Chukwu (2000), point out that “nationalism a patriotic feeling which brings an oppressed, but related people together to demand for their independence. It is often found rooted and promoted by the presence of another superior power” (p.114).
The First World War had affected Germany as a nation, both economically and politically. In this context, fascism, taken forward by the National Socialist Party (Nazis) became the popular ideology. The Fascists believed that only a social, economic as well as cultural regeneration would help them recover from the crisis they were facing. The Nazis took over the Reichstag in 1932, and Hitler became the Chancellor shortly afterwards. The Nazis under Hitler promoted a sense of nationalism- that sacrificed democratic ideals for the “greater good” of the nation.
Frantz Fanon writes on the problems of nationalism mostly after independence. He shuns the glories that come about more when independence is achieved and focuses on the drive of independence which is mostly nationalism. Nationalism can be understood as love of one’s country whereby the doctrine of the national culture and interests are of high importance than others and one is willing to sacrifice for it. With this idea of nationalism in mind the paper agrees with most of the consequences of nationalism as Fanon addresses it in “The Pitfall of National Consciousness”. The paper will discuss the weaknesses and strengths of the underlying motive for independence, the main weakness being the laziness of the national middle class and the biggest merit for nationalism in any situation being freedom from oppression.