Indian writers like Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (Bengali, 1838-1894) and others made use of this newly acquired concept of nationalism to attack colonial rule, and in the process created their own brand of nationalism, rooted in the native land. Bankim Chandra wrote many historical novels like Durgesh Nandini (1965), and Anand Math (1882), acquired a pan-Indian popularity and made nationalism and patriotism a part of dharma. This was a distinctive concept of universalism that was accepted by many as a reply to western colonialism. Revivalism and reformism were natural corollary of the newly emerging idea of nationalism. Rabindra Nath Tagore (Bengali, 1861-1942) said that the unity of India always be in the diversity.
Weimar Germany was a diverse and complex landscape throughout the entirety of the years following the war. This intricate environment was moulded through the many factors that were either carried from certain organizations with different views or felt throughout the Republic of Weimar. During the period of 1918-1924, arguably one of the most significant factors, in terms of the impact on Weimar Germany, was nationalism. Nationalism is the belief that an individual’s loyalty to a nation exceeds any opposing individual or group interests. German nationalism, in particular, opposed the new Weimar Republic and pushed for a return to the imperialist rule in place during the period of the German Empire.
To live by your own definition means to spend your life the way you want to, to do things in your own way and not be a follower but be a leader instead. Katherine Watson lives by her own definition in many different ways. From the beginning of the film we see Katherine in half light, suggesting that she is conservative and does not voice her opinion also gives us the impression of mystery, like all the other women in the film. Towards the end we see how Katherine Watson 's opinion becomes valuable to the girls and now instead of seeing her in half light, we see how her whole face brightens up and we see her as a true leader. Katherine is most of the time framed within a frame giving us the feel of her, women in general, being trapped.
Fascism is a popular movement and an ideology that was developed through time series of rebellions, revolutions, and war. Its political approach have become for the oppressed and for the selected. It pursues the interests of the people as one entity against the enemies and it allows the selected
Many filmmakers like Deepa Mehta, Mira Nair, Meghana Gulzar, Nandana Sen, Aparna Sen, Rithuparno Ghosh, Anurag Kashyap, and Amol Gupte are major contributors of Parallel cinema in contemporary time. Movies such as Arth, Mirch Masala, MrityuDand, Astitva, Monsoon Wedding, Namesake, Earth, Fire, Water, Filhaal, Mr. and Mrs. Iyer, Kahani, That Girl in Yellow boots and many more not only garnered critical acclaim but also an audience which are now sensitive to the issues concerning our social and cultural politics. This paper focuses on two film’s i.e. Fire and Choker Bali and their protagonists who stood up against the norms of social and cultural prohibitions and oppression to attain their own freedom of choice and
In most societies, men were seen as breadwinners while role of women was restricted to being a good homemaker and a good mother. Media played an important role in the modernization of societies and greatly affected the image of women in today’s modern world. Over past decades, Indian cinema has witnessed a significant transformation in the way women are portrayed through Bollywood Hindi movies. Contemporary Bollywood Hindi movies portray women as more independent, confident, and career oriented. So I want to focus on the fast changing role of women which is portrayed in Indian Bollywood films and its influence on the patriarchal Indian society with a focus and with some examples of some representative Bollywood Hindi movies.
(78) It is clear that Virmati’s character reflects the Indian Woman’s psyche. To quote R.S. Pathak, “Her quest for identity is a spiritual odyssey of the modern man who has lost his social and spiritual moorings and who is anxious to seek his roots” (150). Indian women have achieved their successes in half a century of independence but the true female independence too, much remains to be done. The heroines of Manju Kapur’s novels we may find the portrayal of new woman who awakens with a new spirit satisfying her physical, mental and psychological needs.
Films are mere reflection of the society so much so that sometimes they can even influence the public opinion or can mould the viewpoint of the public of the society. Films are one of the important tools of mass communication. In India, when the films came into being, they were either devotional or morally influential. People used to teach the society and implant the good morals and ethics in them. “Bollywood” is a term created by the English language press in India in the late 1970s.
The achievement of India was not an easy one. We see throughout the post independence era how the idea of an Indian nation had to be fought for tenaciously. The Indian state constantly juggled the demands of separatism and cohesion. A precarious balance between these was maintained. Indeed the very discourse of a united India had to be fought for again and again.
Media has shown its influences on India not only after Independence but it has been very much visible even during the colonial rule. For many years now media has been influencing the Indian society and manipulating the masses successfully. Specifically, in the fields like marketing and politics. This work is going to discuss and answer the question of how media has given a new shape to political understanding of South Asia. The idea of media’s truthfulness is dwindling with time, one can say that media is getting highly institutionalised and commercialised.