During World War 2, the most evident traits of totalitarianism were the Nazi’s military terror that led to the Warsaw ghetto, Hitler’s persecution of the Jews that resulted in death camps like Auschwitz, and Stalin’s control of individuals that caused famine across millions. Hitler and the Nazis used military terror in World War 2 to force Jews into the Warsaw Ghetto, which resulted in starvation and death. Military terror was a tactic used by rulers to gain obedience through violence. Many times leaders have a special police force to protect the government's interests and scare the people into abiding by their rules. In Germany, Hitler used military terror to enforce his leadership with the help from the Nazi party.
The enigma code played a big role in world war 2 due it being used by the Germans to communicate with each other and to send their plans to the army bases and German commanders. The breaking of the enigma code made the Allis finally one step ahead of the German troops. The enigma code had to be kept a secret by the British so the Germans wouldn’t find out about it being broken. The breaking of the enigma code changed the war drastically by allowing the Allis to know the Germans moves body During the war great Brittan fort in a battle called “the battle of the Atlantic”. In this battle they took over a German U-boat, inside they found the machine that was receiving the German codes.
Hitler thought that killing millions of people was what he should do. World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945 and the Holocaust was a catastrophe during that period of time. The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews and other groups of people by the Nazi regime and its collaborators (“VICTIMS OF THE NAZI ERA: NAZI RACIAL IDEOLOGY”). The Nazi Racial Ideology, which was introduced by Hitler, was an essential idea in Germany during the Holocaust. The Nazi Racial Ideology was a theory that allowed people to evaluate people by their racial group.
Nowadays people ask themselves how it was possible for WW2 and the Holocaust to happen and why the Nazis and Hitler became so very powerful and successful. To answer that question one has to take a look at how they managed to seize power during the inter war years and the events that took place. In his propaganda speech in front of the Reichstag in April 1939 Hitler claimed having singlehandedly accomplished the rise of the Nazi party with the words: “I have accomplished all this, as one who 21 years ago was still an unknown worker and soldier of my people, by my own efforts…” (Ian Kershaw, The Führer Myth: How Hitler won over the German People).
Hitler had managed to form a legal dictatorship with his new place in government, and created the Enabling Act, which gave his branch of government the full power of the legislature for four years. He went on to suppress political and military opposition, and then abolishing the president of office. This put him as the head of government and state, and thus, dictator of Germany. After becoming dictator, Hitler made laws against Jews; he boycotted Jewish goods, banned Jewish and non-Jewish German marriage, excluded Jews from state service and schooling, made them carry around identity cards, banned Jewish doctors from treating non-Jewish patients, and banned them from many public places. When violence against the Jews
Giulia Spagna S00019825 IR 389 Professor George Irani Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust Pope Pius XII was elected as pontificate of the Vatican in 1939, an extremely turbulent period in Europe. The reign of Pope Pius XII saw the rise of Nazi Germany, the Second World War and the disastrous holocaust.
The Holocaust was one of the darkest events in history. It was a time when innocent lives were taken just because they had somewhat different beliefs. The man behind this evil plan was Adolf Hitler, the Fuhrer of Germany and the Nazi Party. He made it his goal to destroy the Jewish race and anyone else who stood in his way. Hitler devised a long systematic plan that went on to wipe out 6 million European Jews, two-thirds of the Jewish population (Strahinich 7).
The Holocaust is a shining example of Anti-Semitism at its best and it was no secret that the Nazis tried to wipe out the Jews from Europe but the question is why did the Nazis persecute the Jews and how did they try to do it. This essay will show how the momentum, from a negative idea about a group of people to a genocide resulting in the murder of 6 million Jews, is carried from the beginning of the 19th Century, with pseudo-scientific racial theories, throught the 20th century in the forms of applied social darwinism and eugenics(the display of the T4 programme), Nazi ideas regarding the Jews and how discrimination increased in the form of the Nuremberg Laws , Kristallnacht, and last but not least, The Final Solution. Spanning throughout the 19th century, racial theories were seen. Pseudo-Scientific theories such as Craniometry,where the size of one’s skull determines one’s characteristics or could justifies one’s race( this theory was used first by Peter Camper and then Samuel Morton), Karl Vogt’s theory of the Negro race being related to apes and of how Caucasian race is a separate species to the Negro race, Arthur de Gobineau’s theory of how miscegenation(mixing or interbreeding of different races) would lead to the fall of civilisation.
The most important piece of propaganda was the Mein Kampf. It was a book written in 1925 by Hitler when he was in prison. It was a 720 page book that was an outline of his future goals. This book was a cause of everyone in Germany turning to his beliefs. It helped Hitler get just what he wanted.
It’s easy to see why Hitler had such massive support in the time leading up to his time in power, he heavily used propaganda to promote his views and those of the Nazi party. Nazi propaganda was extremely anti-Semitic in the fact that it targeted and blamed the Jewish population for many past German failures. In 1941 Jews were forced to were the Yellow Gold star and a flyer “When you see this symbol…” was published concerning how Germans should look at the Jews. It states that, “Remember what the Jews have done to our people. Now for the first time, World Jewry openly says what it wants: ‘Germany must die!’”.
The Holocaust is defined as “the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II” (Dictionary). Historians agree that approximately six million Jews were annihilated under the Third Reich. The atrocity of the Holocaust left scarring damages to the survivors and many perished anonymously. How can it be that two-thirds of an entire ethnicity be wiped off the face of the earth? In Voices of the Holocaust, it is shown that the Nazi party and German people’s anti-semitism and persecution allowed the horrors of the Holocaust to occur.
Over the years of 1933-1945 over a million people were killed due to the Holocaust and more than half of them were Jewish. January 20, 1942 there was a meeting called the Wannsee Conference held by Nazi officials and attended by government ministers to discuss the problem of the European Jews. Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Main Security Office was in charge of the meeting. Before this meeting there had been major events that occurred all over Europe causing the Jewish race to become belittled in most of Europe. Adolf Hitler preached that the Jews were not the same as them and Germany needed to remove them from their country and the surrounds areas.
MK ULTRA also helped to advance important research that might have otherwise been lost to history. During World War Two Nazi scientists were able to test new drugs and mind control techniques on concentration camp victims. “In the late 1940’s Project Paperclip was a PR campaign designed to find Nazi scientists in hiding, once found, these scientists were offered the option of prison or continuing their research as a part of the MK ULTRA umbrella.”
On September 1st, 1939 Hitler and his army invaded Poland killing thousands of innocent poles. This is when War World II officially started. Hitler wanted to destroy the polish culture and replace it with his own. Anyone who stood in his way was slaughtered. The Nazi terror was, in scholar Norman Davies 's words, "much fiercer and more protracted in Poland than anywhere in Europe.