The right to speak is one of the fundamental human rights to maintain a democracy which is defined by the people. Besides that, freedom of speech is to speak without being fear of censoring. Everyone ought to know the situation of their country and have access of information in order to trust the country and the government. Additionally, protecting freedom of speech at all costs is to insulate the speech made regardless of the price that some might have to pay. Freedom of speech is indeed a basic human right, but does protecting free speech includes hate speech?
Gozon, Cherie Ann O. PhD Media Studies Media 210 While the main premise of both libertarianism and social responsibility is freedom, but the specific context as to what kind of freedom they uphold and its underlying conditions as to the press’ content, accountability, operations, and audience response are different. Libertarianism of the press encourages a high regard for freedom of the press to the point that they publish any information – be it good or bad – and trusts the audience’s mental capacity to distinguish facts and opinions from fabricated information. (Campbel, Martin & Fabos, 2012) This theory believes that the press has the responsibility to divulge all information – no censorship, whatsoever – for public consumption. It also believes that people have the mental capacity to understand and interpret media messages. Because libertarianism strongly pushes for freedom of the press, this theory makes accountability and ethics optional.
All the press or news-media enjoys better freedom in a democratic country. Independent press and news-media acts as an important check on management and Administrators. The duty of a free press is to raise voice against any social ill or wrong. It has been said that internal vigilance is the price of independence. They raise voice against any autocracy, corruption, and malpractices.
But common themes are apparent, such as truth and honesty, impartiality, professionalism, and humanity. Based on these common themes and the research I read about I have formed my own set of ethical guidelines. (Moore, Murray 2012). Journalists can’t always say that want they are putting out there is the truth, but they can get the facts accurate. They should always strive to make
Privacy is essential to free speech Privacy and freedom of speech are both fundamental rights recognised internationally as well as by the Indian Constitution. It is often believed that privacy is in
For better or worse, we are inextricably linked to the media. We are now living a media culture and its influence is becoming very pervasive (Mohd Hamdan Adnan 2003) There is one law in Malaysia that protects media freedom, Article 10 of the Constitution. It also notes that there are limits to this freedom, and these limits are, generally, defined by the Government. Media freedom is defined the freedom of communicating and expressing through media including various electronic media and published materials. Freedom of the press is essential to democracy, but like other freedoms, it may also complicate the governing process.
Freedom of speech has been recognized as the most fundamental value to a democratic society. It serves the individual’s rights, to be an active player in the democracy, not just a passive spectator. Free speech expands an individual’s thinking, without the ability to express ideas, to be exposed to other’s ideas, people then cannot develop fully as individuals. However, our society is built on law and order, which, means that inevitably there will be restrictions placed upon free speech. Recent cases led us to question if there should be more limits placed upon free speech.
Singaporean media still is, like many other countries, serving its role as a “subset of culture and cultural discourses,” and a medium “where ideas, ideology and ideologies are communicated, circulated and entrenched”. However, Singaporean media is different because the government has been able to control media’s earliest manifestations and forms, ensuring that the media becomes tool in furthering social-cultural, economic and political agenda. (Lee, 2010) The media thus needs to reflect important moral values as a public good. “The government has defined the key role the media is to play in society – that of contributing to national development by informing, educating and entertaining
Democracy lends scope for open discussion between competing views. Democracies are accountable to the media, legislature and citizens. Accountability implies that citizens need access to a range of information about actions of their representatives and a free press to assess governance. Legislation on civil liberties, human rights and the right to information are intended to protect such arrangements and strike a balance between competing interests. All liberal democracies zealously protect the rights of communication and participation.
Decency must be considered, and each and every media activity must be based on public interest. Both the ends and means must be pure. False news must not be reported. In short, the media must obey certain norms and principles. The sense of ethics must be upheld at any