Daoist philosophy places emphases on an instinctive awareness, supported by balanced contact with nature, and rejects everything that is not natural. The principles of the Daoist encouraged isolation from humanity for personal development in nature and attaining balance between yin and yang. Confucian philosophy seeks order and social stability. The philosophy states that junzi (superior person) who has ren (human heartedness), exemplifies the ideal social order sought. An individual could become a junzi by promoting certain qualities like understanding of suffering and a quest of morality and righteousness. Confucius and his disciple Mencius had an influence on Chinese thought and social practice. Chinese traditions of worshiping deceased ancestors and exceptional leaders inspired the growth of Confucianism as a philosophic custom and religion. Confucianism was established as the state’s official doctrine by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty. However, both philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism believed that anyone can develop wisdom or skill, regardless of social status or birth.
The base layer of many cultures is their religion, or philosophy of how they should live. The religion, or beliefs of a culture or region, can shape and mold that society in many different ways, whether it is how they view society, nature, and civilization or how they treat one another. Both Daoism and Confucianism played a pivotal roll in the development of Asian cultures. Confucianism came from the early teachings of the Dao or the “way of life” which began “The classical period beginning in the Xia, Shang, and Zhou kingdoms, including the justly famous Warring States philosophers at the end of the Shou kingdom from (1700-221 BCE), while Daoism started after in 200 BCE. While Daoism started to develop in 200 BCE and on. Both Daoism and Confucianism believed in the power of the Dao or the “way of life”. Although, while the followers of Confucianism had much more leeway and had the freedom to create their own destiny, in Daoism, the people let the Dao determine what path their life would take.
After imperial structure was restored, the Chinese began to disapprove of Buddhism (docs 4, 6). Chinese government authorities increasingly saw Buddhism as a threat to their political power and moved to discredit it. Imperial Tang advisor Han Yu saw Buddhism as evil, anti-Confucian, and illegal (doc 4). Han Yu’s position and livelihood greatly depends on Confucianism remaining dominant, especially due to the civil service system, which provided him with his government job. Due to this, he is not a very reliable source on how the average citizen and even the Chinese emperor felt about Confucianism remaining dominate (doc 4, POV).
Zeus was the god of thunder and lightning and basically he was like a god among gods. His symbols were lightning, an eagle, or an oak tree. A myth about him is that he fell in love with his sister Hera and turned into an animal to kidnap and marry her. His relationships with the other gods and goddesses are that he is a brother, and wife to Hera, and his brothers are
Growing up is a hard time, and for the three most important characters in the short stories, “Two Kinds,” “The Bass, the River, and Sheila Mant,” and “Fish Cheeks” it certainly is no different. It makes them feel unacknowledged when all they want is just independence and acceptance of the ones that they find to be important to them. Acceptance is something every person wants to gain from everyone, it just is not something focused on commonly.
In the North, religion was closely intertwined with political power. Therefore, many powerful monasteries were built, and a bureaucratic, organized clergy developed. There were entrepreneurial monasteries that handled the land and cash, and protected itself from the attacks by the religions with contradicting views, such as the Daoists and Confucians. On the other hand, South China was not as geographically concentrated and skillful clergies won over cynical scholars though open debates. Buddhism was more of a tool to spread Chinese culture southward and compete against southern cults, instead of being more political like
Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are much more different than they are similar. Both are not only ways of living but, they are a way of life.
Since younger age, we are introduced to the very first kind of entertainment called ‘cartoon’. It is presented both as comic books and television shows. As a child, people tend to prefer an animated cartoon or animation. Animation cartoon in various types is widespread and famous all around the world as it does not only entertain people, but many of cartoons and animation cartoons give readers and audiences good moral for the living. It can be said that this kind of entertainment is a good source of communication because it is mostly reflected from real situation of people. The audience can relate to the films and consider about specific contents that are being presented.
Religions like Daoism or Buddhism and philosophies like Confucianism had great control over how East Asia was run. These ideologies resonated with all walks of life from the time: Buddhist karma gave the common people something to look forward to; Confucian guidelines made the relationship between government and the governed better; Daoism gave purpose to many spiritually confused people. Some government officials used the influential powers of these religions to make political gains. Others used certain aspects of the religions to dissent from the government’s tight grip on society. Most used them to find inner peace and motivation.
Wu Zhao was the first ever female to become an Emperor in ancient china. She was born on the 17th of February 624 AD and grew up in a very wealthy family and being well educated by her father. By the time she was 14 she moved into a imperial palace to help serve emperor Taizong as a concubine. Wu Zhao continued to be educated while living at the imperial palace, learning languages and English, which certainly gave her the background knowledge and skills to be a good Emperor. While some believe she manipulated her way to power, Wu Zhao was a good leader for all people in ancient china as she set a positive example for others, particularly women, and introduced many improvements which made the lives of those under her leadership better.
The traditional religions of both the Roman and Chinese included ancestor veneration. Veneration in Rome included giving sacrifices to the graves of ancestors. However, Rome also venerated and celebrated figures such as Caesar and Jesus. The Chinese seemed to usually venerate their deceased ancestors through graves, shrines, and prayers and respect and treat their living elders with filial piety in mind. A major difference of the religions and religious ideologies of these regions in this time period is whether they faced great changes. In Rome, the introduction of the religion of Christianity overhauled ancient Roman beliefs with its new concepts and ideas. In Rome, Christianity, which is said to be one of the many factors that contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire, introduced monotheistic beliefs to the Romans were whose religions and religious ideologies were previously exclusively polytheistic in nature. It is harder to categorize and define the concept of god(s) in ancient China; however, the Chinese religions clearly believed in a unifying deity they referred to as Heaven. In both Rome and China, religion and religious ideologies was constantly used to justify political authority and maintain order. In Rome, the celebration and veneration of figures such as Caesar, who was a politician, pushed Romans to obey the law and unify as a common peoples. What ideology most encouraged the Chinese people to maintain order was the concept of filial piety which, according to Confucius, began with the parents and proceeded to service of the ruler (the Chinese emperor, etc.). The of religion and religious ideologies to maintain order was also apparent in India during this time period; Indian rulers used the Hindu caste system to maintain people in their social positions and discourage and prevent
During this time period china was basically falling apart. The Chinese’s way how government had no set way, and was constantly being oppressed by foreign influence. Every part of their government was flawed. They began all these programs and laws in efforts to improve their country, but they soon abolished it all. They were sending children away to study in foreign nations. They abolished their laws in effort to win back the support of highly valued Chinese subjects. Chinese women were too having a tough time as well. They were dealing with maul practices such as foot bindings. This was a terrible practice which was extremely painful. They would take a girl as young as 4 years old and purposely break their feet. They would then bend their toes behind their feet because it was said the women with small feet were highly desire by the opposite sex. China had many things that need to be done in order to have a promising government.
Ming saw that religion in previous dynasties undergirded its power for centuries, stressing the emperor’s centrality. Ming wanted to strengthen the protocol of rites and ceremonies of religion. These rites will reinforce political and social hierarchies during his dynasty. These ceremonies solidified the Ming by portraying them as the moral and spiritual benefactors of their subjects. The emperor would occasionally attend the ceremonies such as sacrificial rites, that provided symbolic communion between the mortal and spiritual realms. Ming made it clear to the people that the gods were on Ming’s household, thus making them think that the Ming household is the divine ruler of China. Ming reorganized China’s religions because Ming wanted to
One of the artifacts in the National Palace Museum that shows evidence of ritualism in Ancient China is the Zong Zhou Zhong. First off, the Zong Zhou Zhong was created for ancestral worship rituals. It was used during the late West Zhou dynasty and has a 123-character inscription by Emperor Li. The inscriptions describe how the emperor follows the actions or words of his ancestors and models his behaviors off of his ancestors. Another artifact that can symbolize ritualism is the wine vessels. The wine vessels in the Warring states period had many animal-shaped wine vessels; the Zun, however, is one of a kind. It has turquoise inlay and metal wires that are embedded in the vessel. The animal. Most of the vessels are carved as
Wu Zetian, the only female emperor in the Chinese history (Tang Dynasty 625-705 AD), has inspired me during my lifetime. At the age of 22, I learn her story just from a very successful TV series which was starring by a popular actress. The series described how Wu was able to survive in the palace battle at the dynasties dynasty: became a concubine at the first king, became a favorite concubine of the new emperor by expecting a baby in an extremely tough situation, and became the empress by accusing the wife of emperor killed her infant daughter. Finally, Wu took over the administrative duties of the court and was declared emperor of China later. The battle of the throne is always the way which fully covered with blood and tears. It would be just a joke that a woman who want to be an emperor at the ancient China. Count on her indomitable character, Wu successfully cross various