The tourist spent is thereby used for expansion and growth of businesses, hence the growth of the local economy. In trying to explain the impacts of tourism in economic terms, Kreag (2001:6) highlighted positive and negative impacts. According to Kreag (2001:6) tourism increases employment opportunities, although it is argued that most of these jobs are low paying and seasonal. Swarbrooke (2002:25) is also of the vie w that most tourism jobs are part-time due to the seasonality nature of the industry. This necessitate for effective planning to promote tourism during the low season.
1.1.1. The Global Hotel Industry: An ever-increasing number of destinations worldwide have opened up to, and invested in tourism, turning it into a key driver of socio-economic progress through the creation of jobs and enterprises, export revenues, and infrastructure development. Over the past six decades, tourism has experienced continued expansion and diversification to become one of the largest and fastest-growing economic sectors in the world. Many new destinations have emerged in addition to the traditional favorites of Europe and North America. World Tourism Organization [UNWTO] (2017) Tourism has boasted virtually uninterrupted growth over time, despite occasional shocks, demonstrating the sector’s strength and resilience.
UIEA EK Davila Gilder Mayu Sato Tourism: Is it all about Entertainment or Profits? Tourism has always been one of the important factors which contribute the economic development of a country. At present days, the tourism sector has flourished because of the improved transportation system and easy access to countries. However, the inside story tells a different picture. Tourism has direct and indirect impact on the economy and society by creating job opportunity, generating revenue and profit, while on other picture tourism brings in negative effects like environmental problems, cultural erosion and most importantly crime rates due to its overwhelming expansion.
For decades tourism industry growth has been a major contributor to increased economic activity throughout the world. It has created jobs in both large and small communities and is a major industry in many places. It is the dominant economic activity in some communities. The slogan ‘AthithiDevoBhava’ which means ‘guests are like God’ truly represents the fact that Indians have been highly hospitable people and this trend is still present in modern India. A guest is considered as highly revered person.
Pro Poor Tourism: unlocking opportunities for rural youth Vibha Jantwal and Geeta Negi M.Sc. Agricultural Extension & Communication, Department of Agricultural Communication, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar 263145 India India is one of the important tourist destinations, a position it has attained due to successful “Incredible India” campaign. Government is making sincere efforts to diversify its tourism sector. Tourism is one of the most important emerging sectors that is contributing 6.6% to national GDP, supporting 39.5 millions job and contributes 7.7% of total employment in the country.
Business tourists are less cost than leisure tourists (International Trade Centre, 2001). Globalization helps people to find tourism sites easily. The impact of globalization to tourism activity is also tremendously big. It has triggering many industries to develop more, thus new multinational corporations showed up and lead to global business tourism industry. Many factors that could encourages the development of global business tourism industry.
Over the past few decades, tourism has experienced the sustained growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors over the world. Nowadays, the business volume of tourism can be said to be equals to or even surpasses the business volume of food products, automobiles or oil exports. Tourism plays an important role in almost every country due to it has a greater impact on the development of country economy. The main benefits of tourism are creating extra money for national income and creating more career opportunities for locals. One of the easiest benefits to determine is the career opportunities that the tourism brings.
• In retrospect of the last few decades, it is understood that technological development around the world has invaded tourism industry within a relatively a very short period of time if a comparison made between the long history with the recent past. This development could be recognized: • Within the industry systems and human behavior • The client behavior Precisely with the beginning of the 1980s a sudden boost could be noticed in the industry with the improvements of IT and other related technologies of the time. Developments in ICTs have undoubtedly changed business practices and strategies as well as industry structures (Porter, 2001). Tourism, to this date, is the major job provider globally as it demands high number of human attention