Afghanistan has a population of 34.66 million, with a birth rate of 4.65 births per woman. Throughout the years the country suffered through a civil war which has resulted in prolonging many developments to occur within the country. As a result of the Taliban and their power, including the devastating effects on the country, there have been many negative and lasting effects such as the literacy rates between men and woman. During the Taliban takeover, woman’s rights were seen as insignificant, therefore, access to education for women was very difficult to obtain since it was forbidden. This was powered by the Taliban’s belief of gender roles and the ideology that the duty of a woman was to stay home and take care of their family.
In her autobiography, I Came a Stranger Hilda Polacheck reveals the conflicting role of women in the late 19th / early 20th century as workers, caregivers, and social activists in a conflicting age of progress, hardship and missed expectations. Coming from a very traditional Jewish family in Poland it seems that Polacheck was destined to be a full time mother and wife never having immersed herself in the American society where women were becoming more and more relevant. The death of her father changes all of this forcing herself, her mother, and her siblings to fight for survival. This fight is not only what transformed Hilda Polacheck into the woman we remember her as today, but into an American . At age thirteen and even much later after her husband’s death forced Polacheck to go to work to keep her family fed and clothed.
Domestic violence, for instance, is more common in poor households than in more affluent households. In most poor households, only the male partner is employed while the wife is left to care for the house and the children. Unemployed, the wife becomes increasingly dependent on her husband most especially when they have children already. As observed by scholars, “maltreated wives may have little or no income of their own and thus may believe that they would not be able to support themselves or their children if they are to leave the abusive relationship” (Nolan, & Juliao). Aside from economic dependency, most women are emotionally attached to their partners thinking that they would not be able to find any other relationship apart from what they currently have.
This book titled “Poverty linked in large African families” unambiguously deliberate on several challenges faced mainly by large families peculiar to several African countries. Asides the issue of poverty and lack of funds to take care of the large families, this book further talks about the misconceptions and lack of adequate information and knowledge towards child bearing and family planning in general. Also, the misconceptions about gender equality in children as well as the huge expectations placed on the girl child at a tender age towards early child marriage. It is quite unfortunate that most illiterate parents who tend to bear more children they can cater for often depend on government, foreign aid and also charitable organizations to
1. Feminist Lens • Oppression – Indian women in this film did not receive the same treatment as men, especially when they become widows. Females as young as eight years are forced to find a husband as their families cannot not support all of their children due to their poor socio-economic conditions. However, when Indian females lose their husbands, they are often looked down upon as it was viewed as a sin for a woman to remain a widow. Widows are required to spend all their lives in an ashram, where living conditions are well below average due to a limited supply of food and other necessities.
Among women, widows are the doubly oppressed as they become the prey of patriarchy as well as of religion. Widows are forced to live in a socially ostracized, economically dependent life. The paper attempts to discuss the position of widows as subaltern in the society. Key Words:women, widow, subaltern, patriarchy, economic crisis. A widow is taunted as ‘man-eater’ or ‘husband-eater’ and it is really very difficult for her to survive in a patriarchal society.
The study of chronic poverty in Indian context has attracted major attention in recent times. India is country housing major proportion of rural households, who are vulnerable and susceptible to poverty. There exists rich literature on the rural poverty and its causes within the Indian context. However, delving deeper in, chronic poverty and its relationship with migration has received much attention only in the recent times. Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets.
Some scholars argue that economic hardships and uncertainty contribute to women’s involvement in politics and labor force which reduces patriarchal roles in the society as women have to get involved to find ways to support themselves and their families (Mikell, 1995, Florence Wakoko and Linda Lobao, 1999). Uganda’s economy has gone through economic turmoil over the years that have left many people poor. Between 1962 and 1986 Uganda’s per capita GDP fell over by 40 percent (Dan Ottoemoler, 1999). Some scholars emphasize the role international organizations like the UN, Women in Development (WID) and the World Bank policies which have made gender equality and empowerment a precondition for funding development projects. International efforts to call for attention to gender issues like the 2000 UN Millennium Summit in which 189 member states of the United Nations made a commitment
Background Afghanistan has been one of the most unbalanced countries in the world regarding inequality between the two genders in the society. For quite some time, the women in Afghanistan have been dependent on their husbands as the breadwinners in their families. However, the setup has changed over the last couple of years where measures have been taken to empower women and ultimately make them independent of their respective families. Over the past two decades, the process of disintegration of not only the communities but also the families has made thousands of the Afghan women live in isolation and extreme poverty. The women in this country have not been in a position to access adequate education nor efficient training to enable them be
Her family was struck by poverty and married their daughter for survival. They were having a hard time feeding her and taking care of her. Her sister Bilkis was also married at 13 years, to a much older man. She was a victim of domestic violence at the hands of her in laws continuously