Role Of Sustainable Development

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The important role of the community in development by Shaffer, Deller & Marcouiller (2006) lead to the understanding about the community and various types of communities within the society and nations. As construed by Shaffer, Deller & Marcouiller (2006), Community is a group or unit having some common interests, such as community of football fans. They elaborated more that space plays a vital role in the definition of community, which then invites the notion of spatial community. There are three different ways to define spatial community. First, community as a place where space is a dominant part of the definition, such as the political boundaries of a municipality or country. Second, community as a group of people with specific interest,…show more content…
It is not only emphasized on people’s behavior in fulfilling their economic needs, but also analyse the interaction among people in their community and the environment. Furthermore, future generation also needs to be considered as far as the resource allocation is concerned. What people consume today in fulfilling their needs will affect the livelihood today and in the future. This concern brought to the concept of sustainable development. Sustainable Development is a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The term sustainable development, firstly introduced in the Brundtland Report 'Our Common Future ' or the report by the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987. It is a development attempt to alleviate poverty, create equitable living standards, satisfy the basic needs of all peoples, and ensuring that there are no irrevocable damages to natural resources and nature. The term of sustainability itself, has been discussed from the time of Malthus, who worried about how Britain’s apparently relentless incline in population could be sustained from a finite amount of land, to the sustainable development concept that tries to balancing economic aspects of the community with social factors and…show more content…
To ensure development could apply sustainable approach, the process of development should fulfill at least three criteria of Sustainable Development: Environmentally sound, Economically Productive, and Socially Just. In this context, development progress should not only improving the economic condition of the people where they have economic activity that generate income (productive). It should also achieve equal distribution among people at the society by reducing income disparities (Socially Just), and at the same time also preserving the environment and the needs for future generations. (environmentally sound). The report of IUCN Renowned Thinkers Meeting in 2006 concluded that sustainable development is a concept by which economic factors are considered together with social factors and environment in the development theory and practices (Cf. Swisher, Rezola & Sterns
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