Urban Informality

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Urban Informality
Understanding the Nature, Role and Dynamics of the Urban Informal Economy
Introduction
The developing world is becoming urbanized at a very rapid pace. Every day, cities undergo new additions and new patterns emerge within their boundaries. Hence, cities have played a critical role in our lives; they serve as engines of economic growth, centers for productivity and social development. In most cities in developing countries, unprecedented population growth coupled with unplanned developmental activities has resulted in the urbanization of these cities. Many of these new additions evolve informally or in an unplanned manner. A particular paradox lying at the very core of the urbanization process is the fact that with the growing
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The limitations of urban upgrading policies reflect the limitations of the ideology of space. In such policy approaches, what is redeveloped is space, the built environment and physical amenities, and the search for rational order is framed in aesthetic terms, via a belief that an efficient city is one that looks regimented and orderly in a geometrical sense, rather than one that truly enhances peoples capacities or livelihoods (Roy, 2005; 150). Thus, the aestheticisation of poverty which means that urban informality is disconnected from its political and economic circuits and is merely viewed upon as an aesthetic or spatial phenomenon (Roy, 2005; 150). The problem with the aestheticisation of urban informality is that urban problems are being depoliticized, ignoring the injustice, hardship and political exclusion the urban poor are facing every day. However, the issues that surrounds informal development relating to poverty, poor housing or dysfunctional urbanization, lies within the state as portrayed by ‘heroic’ (Roy, 2005; 148) interpretations, where the state creates the problem of informality through excessive regulation, particularly in relation to the supply of land. The acceptance of non-state, or market-led, interventions is…show more content…
The regularity exception acknowledges that displacement is caused by formalization and disrupts regular income, and, regulatory exception emphasize on the policy for those people who cannot make payment (Roy, 2005; 153). Taking an account to these exceptions, possible measures are recommended to mitigate the urban problems. It identifies the provision of community-based land trust, micro loans for housing and local participation as a central planning which eventually help the poorest dwellers who cannot make payment for the
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