ABSTRACT: The study tends to depict how Eliot treated women as mere second sex in his poetry. It further explores Eliot’s misogynic, female-hater temperament and the reasons behind this abhorrence against women. The subjugation of women, throughout centuries, from ancient to present time has been done by male in patriarchal society. Eliot in his poetry, through the allusions of myth, history, religion, literature and philosophy not only narrates the degenerated state of women but also contributes to it by his fun, ridicule and satire of women. Instead of breaking the notion of patriarchy, Eliot becomes a torch-bearer of patriarchy and contributes to perpetuate the process subjugation of women by strengthening the mechanisms of women subordination.
Correspondingly, in patriarchal arrangement men learnt to manage the women (Lerners 1986). Fundamental feminist, patriarchy is the main system of family in which women are exploited. It is an organizations that creates societal inequality plus promotes violence against women. Then again, some fundamental feminist such as Clare Chambers blame natural arrangement of women for their oppressions. They are consequently in search of the natural revolution in which women can change their load of imitation to men and take a lively part in creative
Chauvinism and Feminism in Handmaid’s tale Introduction This paper explores the relations between women and men in a context of a dystopian society which is very well depicted by Attwood. Debates raised since society acquired language and nowadays is still a hot debate. Radical, feminists point men as the 'main enemy’ and they say that, patriarchy is considered as a form of domination imposed by men on women. Feminists are dealing with how to understand the relations between patriarchy and how to confront to oppose male chauvinism. “You can only be jealous of someone who has something you think you ought to have yourself.” ― Margaret Atwood’s saying at her official Facebook page.
Nonetheless, Andrea Dworkin would argue that "women facilitate a complex and contradictory negotiation of pain, pleasure, and power in their performance in the fetish realm of BDSM... is linked to female sexuality and violence. "(410) Dworkin claims that BDSM reinforce violence on women rests upon the questionable assumptions that the women are not in control. She then quotes from Audre Lorde, stating "sadomasochism is an institutionalized celebration of dominant/ subordinate relationships." (412) Argue the inherent violence that exists within these practices, primarily those directed against women. She would demonstrate how it legitimizes the male desire to subdue, assault and control
Including the gender difference perspective, created by society that gender differences separate a fine line between men and women. Woman’s norms, costumes and expectations for their gender greatly differ from men’s. There are different values and characteristics associated with being a woman, and as a reason for why men and woman experience the world differently. Women are viewed as solf care takers who are emotional, submissive, creatures that are often seen as sexual instruments for men. While on the other hand men are thought to be tough aggressive workers.
Men are socialized into being dominant, aggressive, and unemotional. To be masculine one must reject everything feminine (Newson, 2015). Women must be passive, nurturing, submissive, and emotional. Gender roles are constantly imposed onto us until they feel normative. Sadly, women are taught that they must rely on men because they are too weak to be independent.
According to Flax, feminist theory seeks to understand the power differential between men and women, seeks to understand women’s oppression—how it evolved, how it changes over time, how it is related to other forms of oppression and how to overcome these oppressions. She suggests that feminist theory is intimately related to action. Feminist theory is the foundation of action and there is no pretense that theory can be neutral. Within feminist theory is a commitment to change oppressive structures and to connect abstract ideas with concrete problems for political action. There has to be a commitment to do something
In the play Bravely Fought the Queen Dattani highlights the “three generations portraying the exploitation by men. “The play also reveals the fact that the suppression cannot last long as women will fight back to question the autocracy of men” (Dhawan and Pant 48). “Women in Mahesh Dattani’s plays are not victims. They are marginalized but they fight back”
Similarly, Aslam has also portrayed Kaukab a subjugated and submissive sort of woman. These novels unveil the cultural conflicts through feminist perspective and patriarchal hegemony. Women are disgraced at the hands of men due to male privileged society (Season: P 229). In Maps and Season, Kaukab and Zebun both of these women fall under the category of what Spivak has called them subalterns; suppressed women, thus they cannot speak (qtd in Loomba 231-233). It is worth mentioning that in male dominating societies women are kept uneducated which becomes the cause of their empowerment.
Thus, the women characters in Tendulkar’s plays replicate the suppressed and oppressed lot, struggling to come out of the clutches of the male-dominated Indian society. They attempt to break away from the servitude, subordination and forceful exploitation of womanhood, and struggle for the recognition of woman as equal in all spheres of life. The scanning of select plays of Vijay Tendulkar reflects his concern for the middle class individual set against the backdrop of a hostile society. For Tendulkar the primary compulsion is humanistic. His plays concentrate on different aspects of the human character and complexity of human relationship.