Representative government is a well-known world practice and it was first developed in Great Britain, Switzerland and the United States of America. Then it expanded to the British Commonwealth countries and other places which include Malaysia. According to Bond and Smith (2013) “Representative democracy can be defined as a system of government where ordinary citizens do not make governmental decisions themselves but choose public officials-representative-of people- to make decisions for them” (p. 13). The main goal of representative democracy is to protect the rights and interests of the citizens in the country by giving them the freedom of speech. Hence, the leader holds a huge responsibility and play the major role as they had been elected during the elections to represent their nation.
This can project the people from anything they would disagree to occur. Democracy is based on the rule of equality which means that all the people are equal as far as the law is concerned. Every person has the right to enjoy and experience social, political and economic rights and state is not allowed to discriminate him on the standard of gender, class, property or religion. When there are fixed and elected representative a more responsible government is formed. People under this type of system can discuss matters and problems thoroughly to come up with sensible decision.
Participatory democracy provides opportunities to overcome the shortcomings of representative democracy by combining it with elements of direct democracy. Officially, as Brown says, participatory democracy is direct democracy, in the sense that all citizens the right to participate and are actively involved in all important decisions. This definition refers to movements, that gather a group of people who democratically make decisions about the direction of
The first one would be the right to have your own separate identity, which included freedom of speech, possibility of having a personalized business and the absence of censure. Being able to establish yourself as an individual is an essential trait of a healthy political system. Also, the system is governed by the people, as the etymology of the word democracy suggests: “Greek dēmokratia, from dēmos ‘the people’ + -kratia ‘power, rule’”, meaning that the changes in the state power are done through a conscious manner by all its citizens and not through force or
It is a very important document for the United States of American for the president to follow. The Constitution is rules for the president and all of the United States politicians to govern by. In the constitution the first part is called the preamble. It states “ we the people in order to form a more perfect union. established justice ensure domestic tranquility.
So the duty and interest require the social body and individuals to help each other. Thus, it can be seen that Rousseau envisages a republican government but admire especially the governmental system of direct democracy in which every citizen is sovereign. The most important condition for Rousseau offers the ideal state can be summed up in one word: independence. Rousseau found that autonomy and self-sufficiency are fundamental characteristics for the state since it’s clear that the interdependence of states is the one that leads to
With equality, everyone is able to reach their full potential. The second ideal from the Declaration is unalienable rights. The three unalienable rights are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Unalienable rights let people be able to own their own property and have certain freedoms. Everyone has to be equal in order to achieve liberty because people have to be equal in order to have the same freedoms.
It is thus a form of government in which the sovereign power resides in and is exercised by the whole body of free citizens, as distinguished from a monarchy, aristocracy or oligarchy. And as Abraham Lincoln so famously stated, it’s ‘a government of the people, by the people and for the people’. It then follows that a certain number of elements must be present for a government to be considered a democratic one. There must exist a respect and/or protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of the citizens by the government. Essentially, the human rights of the people which is considered as representing sine qua non requirements for the well performing of a democratic system must be protected ; free and fair elections are also considered as one of the main pillars of democracy alongside the assurance of the rule of law which is a principle that states that all citizens are equal before the law; and lastly, the element of separation of powers which requires that the three arms of government, that is, the legislative, executive and judiciary all exercise their functions independently and without undue influence or control from another arm of government
A democracy is a system of government that gives the people the power to govern. This can either be done directly, where citizens actively participate in the decision making of the country, or indirectly through elected representatives. The purpose of the democratic process is to protect the interests of all citizens of a country. In order to do so, every citizen in the country needs a medium through which to express his political opinion to defend his interests. This is the role of political parties.
Since all modern states are nation states and under the umbrella of nation state, all the institutions, relevant offices, state policies and individual’s views should be on the same page or else otherwise the power, i.e. the one who’s responsibility is to maintain the state’s writ, i.e. the military would go and crush all the hurdles in order to preserve the state’s ideological as well as the geographical territory. The international law recognizes that the state can utilize its resources for the sake of its sovereignty within the given territory. If we take an example of our country, we find that despite of having diverse ethnical and cultural backgrounds we are still a modern nation state only because of religion.
history. The Declaration of Independence was the people’s resolution set in stone. It made it sure that citizens’ rights would be kept, and that a just government would coexist with them. The Declaration of Independence stated that “all people were created equal”, and believed that a government should be made to benefit for the people. The document tested their political and moral imaginations and expanded it, shaping the type of government and society we now have today.
The rule of law is reflected as a core principle of our nation and vital to ordered liberty. To rightly govern the American rule of law it is essential to acknowledge the continuity between the American Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. The United States of America “government” is framed by these two important documents. The principles of the Declaration of Independence constitute the foundation of the government based on the universal equality of all human beings, and the U.S. Constitution founds the political process that is to be followed by the elected officials in governing the people. One cannot be without the other; both are essential for a stable government.
“Nothing is more surprising than the easiness with which the many are governed by the few.” - David Hume An agreement by all people represents consent, unity and tends to signify order within a society. The notion that unanimity is necessary in order for a democratic decision to be fully justified can be seen as a morally ideal concept within political thought. When one defines democracy as being a political system that is of the people, by the people and for the people, the assent of the entire populace is portrayed as being essential for ensuring that democratic decisions are justified. The great fear of a participation crisis within the UK clearly shows the need of all-encompassing approval in order to attain full justification and legitimacy behind decision-making, which warrant stability and a true sense of self-government. Nevertheless, from the very birth of demokratia in Athens in the 5th century BC, one can see how, even through the use of direct democracy, known as the purest model of democracy, unanimity is hard to achieve when put into practice.
In order for the colonists not to rebel against the government it has to protect their rights and be a good type of government,some principles of a strong government are that all men must be created equal,must have national sovereignty,natural law,popular sovereignty and self-evident truth.Popular Sovereignty meant that the government was ruled by the people and that they were the source of all political power.All men are created equal meant that this included everyone in humanity,this was an important part of the European enlightenment philosophy.National Sovereignty was a supreme and absolute kind of power which state governs,it does everything possible to govern itself.Self- evident truth means that it 's simple and clear for anyone to see. Parliament began treating colonists unfairly and did not give them the same rights as Englishmen which were basic legal claims established over time, that all subjects of the English monarch were understood to have. They included the right not to be kept in prison without a trial and the right to trial by jury.Thomas Jefferson got influenced by Aristotle, which was a philosopher he believed that each person should pursuit
Second, Political Liberty, which is the principle that all citizens in a democracy are protected from government interference (Greenberg and page, pg). Last, Political Equality, the principle that each person carries equal weight in the conduct of the public business. These benchmarks are