Roles Of L1 In Language Teaching

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EFL teachers manage the process of language instruction in their classrooms by exploring the students ' L1. Here, the aim is to first categorize different language teaching methods and then discuss the role and the use of L1 in each of them briefly.
A common classification of methods is traditional, alternative, and current communicative methods. In the field of English language teaching the traditional methods of teaching a language are Grammar Translation Method, Direct Method, and Audio-lingual method. A haphazard or careless use of the mother tongue may be an unwanted side-effect of monolingualism, often employed today by disaffected or teachers. A very concise description of L1 role in EFL context is resented by Larsen-Freeman. She supports the role of the mother tongue in the classroom procedures and summarizes the role of L1 in various ELT methods.
Grammar Translation Method: The meaning of the target language is made clear by translating it into the students ' native language. The language that is used in the class is mostly the students ' native language.
Direct Method and Audio-lingual Method: The students ' native language should not be used in the classroom because it is thought that it will interfere with the students attempts to master the target language.
Silent way: The students ' native language can, however, be used to give instructions when necessary, and to help a student improve his or her pronunciation. The native

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