Greek Architecture Contributions To Roman Architecture

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The Roman Empire was the last superpower in the ancient world. The civilization of ancient Rome thrived from the sixth Century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. After the Ancient Greek, Roman Empire was the second empire to conquer most of the Mediterranean basin. After taking over the Greek Empire, Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture including Greek Architecture. The main contributions to Roman Architecture were cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems.
Roman architects continued to use the methods established by the classical orders of the Greek. Doric, Ionic and Corinthian were the traditionally used arch columns. Corinthian was favoured by most of the Roman Architects and builders because even in the late antiquity it had the Greek look. The Romans however applied their own construction and architecture methodologies to this type of architecture to make it more decorative, stable and iconic. The Arches of Septimius Severus in Rome (203 CE) is solid example of this kind of architecture. Another adaptation was the Tuscan column which traditionally was formed of Doric but the capital was much smaller, shafts were more slender without flutes and moulded foundation. The Tuscan column was widely used in domestic purpose like for building peristyles and verandas. Rather than the Greek approach of stacking several drums over each
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These Forums were the hub of politics, religion and economy in the early Roman Empire. These Forums were constructed for more than one and a half centuries and were developed significantly from the architectural point of view between 46 BC and 113 AD. These Forums were the centre of the Roman republic and the empire. These Forums were also used for military processions knows as Triumph. Three Triumphal Arches were built which were used by the emperors to commemorate their victory. There are hardly any remains left of the first Arches built by Augustus in 29
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