Roman Architecture is essentially a dialogue between the older, traditional rectilinear forms of the Greek civilization and the early Italic post-and-lintel traditions. However, Concrete allowed the Romans to construct vast spanning vaults, domes and arches, which would often remain standing more than 2000 years later. The Romans incorporated many architectural concepts from earlier civilizations, such as the Etruscans, the Egyptians and the Greek, into their buildings. However, these previous civilizations never tried to roof spaces as wide or as high as the Romans did. Although the best attempts of these early civilizations looked wonderful from the exterior, the interiors depended on a forest of supporting columns, something that Roman buildings didn’t necessarily have to depend
The project was so important that the Romans invented their own recipe for concrete that required individual forms to be made for each varying piece of the building, in order to maximize the building’s durability. The structure was built on a very grand scale as the architects’ intentions may have been to represent their dominance through a building that could be seen above all others in the surrounding area. The current attitude of the militaristic and gods-fearing society of the Romans in that time period was one of power. This building portrays the arch style that is so commonly seen in Roman art, questionably their greatest contribution to art. They used the arches all around the exterior of the arena to hold up great weights and exhibit the power that their city held.
The Romans are considered as one of the powerful empires of ancient times. It expanded its power to the Mediterranean region and also some large areas of Western Europe. Romans occurred after the fallen of Greek empire, not surprisingly, Roman was quite similar to Greek. Romans integrated many aspects of Greek culture into their own, including the Greek Architecture such as proportion and column orders. Not only that Roman architecture had retrieved from Greek but also absorbed a great deal from Etruscan art and designed.
For example the Temple of Artemis has Gorgons Sculptures that come from the banister or the face of the temples entrance. As time moved on so did the improvements of architectural design. Orientalizing Period in Greece started in 700BCE and ended in 600BCE. This marked the start of Greek architecture due to the huge influx of trade which brought in new ideas from Egypt and NE. “Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture.
Since the Roman Republic was so big they needed a fresh supply of water. The Romans built stuff like roads, public baths, fire department, aqueducts, and postal service. One of the most famous buildings in Rome is the Colosseum. This building is now a major tourist attraction in Rome. The first road the Romans built was in 312 BCE.
Roman culture began to expand around 117 CE and by 285 CE the empire had spread and become the principal government of Rome. The city of Rome was the center, the civilization of Rome was ruled much by Europe and lasted for nearly a thousand years. The birth of the Roman empire continued and brought major stability to the regions of the Mediterranean. The empire also stretched across most of Europe, Armenia, North Africa, and Assyria. Rome ultimately became the place for religious, political and social institutions.
Thus, based on Campbell’s point it should be said that this process of militarization had enormous influence on the Romanization process. Another strong explanation is Roman culture. It is accepted and confirmed by scholars that Roman culture established based on other cultures. Especially, ancient Greek civilization had deniable effect on Roman culture, and during the Romanization process it was used from Greek and other experiences extensively (Stearns, 2011, p. 151). However, Roman culture was very imperialist culture it was accepted out of the country very quickly.
I gave the Roman Empire an A+. The reason I gave them an A+ was because they had sturdy armor/equipment, had well-trained soldiers, and very good weapons. The Romans will need to protect their city. To do that, they would need to have good, sturdy armor and new weapons. The Romans trained hard enough to be ready for their battle.
Because there was an abundance of Greek art, the Roman’s used it to decorate their buildings and probably the homes of the aristocracy. The presence of Greek philosophy and literature grew in Rome through the influence of the people captured into slavery. Many of these citizens were educated and civilized. They became the teachers to the Roman youth. The Greek and Roman Gods were the same
This could be seen in Roman art and architecture, and literature linking Rome to Greece. Religion was even shared, they had the same gods with different names. Rome studied many of the Greek philosophers and shred their ideals. Through the four main points, Greek culture rolled into Roman society and became part of Roman culture as