The spread of Calvinism was a challenge to the Roman Catholic Church which led to many wars across Europe. John Calvin also inspired John Knox who was a Calvinist, John Knox returned to Scotland with great ideas which led to him setting up the Presbyterian Church and overthrowing the Catholic Queen. This summarizes how John Calvin had a great impact on the Reformation period religiously. In the Renaissance there were many great impacts, such as Johannes Gutenberg and his printing press, the Medici family, or
Chaos: The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would disruption that separated Catholic define the continent in the modern and central Europe, like Martin Luther, John Calvin and Henry Vill challenged papal authority and questioned the Church 's ability to define Christian practice. They argued for a religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of Bible- and pamphlet-reading pastors and princes. The disruption triggered wars, persecutions and the so-called Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church 's delayed but forceful response to the Protestants. The main chaos that caused reformation were religious,
The power of the Church loomed large over the common people in Medieval Europe, and one can speculate that many felt feelings of resentment and anger about this situation. The Flagellants could have merely been extremely pious Christians that were supporting the Church the best way they knew how, or a subtle resistance movement against the strict institutions of the Church. Through the examination of documents written by contemporaries of plague stricken Europe, a conclusion to the true intentions of the Flagellants can be
At the beginning of the seventeenth century central Europe was plagued by a series of unremitting of religious conflicts and which were known as the Thirty Year’s War. The main cause for this was the arrival of Jesuit priests in Germany. Their mission was to convert the vast majority of Protestants to Catholicism. They faced strong opposition, and a revolt began in Bohemia in 1618 by the Protestant Nobility against the Holy Roman Empire. This marked the start of the Thirty Years’ War.
These two groups originated from the Anglican Church of England. A movement that took place after the English Reformation, known as the Puritanism, advocated strict religious disciplines, religious rituals, the belief of salvation, and Christ as the center of faith. Between the two, the Puritans were the original group who sought the return of a simple and virtual Christianity. The Pilgrims were Separatists who were once Puritans, but were discontent at reforms.
The victims hands were commonly cut off as they were led to the stake. Anyone who questioned what was happening in the trials was also arrested. Dr. Hann, the bishop’s chancellor, was burnt for showing leniency. Emperor Ferdinand was forced to issue mandates to stop the trials in 1630 and 1631, after several complaints by influential people. Suffering business was also a likely reason behind the
Innocent III also arranged that the Roman church promote a crusade against what he saw as heretics in southern France. Much bloodshed and lasting enmity were the only lasting effects of this effort. Innocent III promoted the Fourth Crusade to recover Jerusalem fro the western nation coalition. The fourth crusade was a debacle since in 1204 a group of Crusaders sacked and took control of Constantinople, ostensibly the ally of Rome.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead.
The massacre changed the lives of the families and friends of the victims of the massacre, and it also changed the lives of the soldiers. The laws and protests during the time of the massacre were almost as horrific as the massacre itself. Most of the laws were set to tax the Colonies so that Britain could pay their debts, but they did not work due to the boycotts the Patriots had used to protests them. The Townshend Acts, created by Charles Townshend, were a taxation of all of all of the goods that were imported into America. The acts were so outrageous, that it eventually led to the Boston Massacre.
The Gunpowder Plot Background In the mid-16th century England faced the view of being split between Protestants and Catholics. When Elizabeth I came to the throne in 1558 the situation required action and within a year the Act of Uniformity was passed. Everyone had to attend the Church of England service or they could be fined, or worse.
The context behind this document was to show that many more women died than the number of men who had died. This shows how the persecutions of witchcraft and the Thirty years’ war were similar because both the number of executions and the Thirty years’ war took place in Germany. Document 5 was about Martin Luther’s views on witches. Martin Luther’s point of view is that Witches are evil, and work with the Devil, and do all the work he can’t do. This shows a similarity between the persecutions of witchcraft and the Thirty Years war because during the thirty years’ war Kings needed to make an excuse that they were fighting over religion instead they were fighting over land, just like how men found an excuse to execute women who acted differently or did not behave the way they wanted them to.
IV The Protestant Reformation A. Causes of the Reformation Rulers began to compete against the Church 's political power. Judges of the Church demanded that the leaders were dishonest about their money. John Wycliffe and Jan Hus recommended Church reform.
By the mid-eighteenth century, tensions between the Native American tribes and English settlers had mounted to an all time high. Mistrust was frequent, as was betrayal. Fighting could break out in a minute, and then be finished the next. Political relationships were broken because of a war and massacre; the economy boomed because of barbaric markets & fur trade. Yet, a lasting effect took place after a war and fruit picking that shattered relations with the tribes for years to come.
Prompt: Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. During the 16th century as renaissance inspired changes in education and art ,humanist ideas also impacted religion. Major dissatisfaction with the Roman Catholic Church and its traditions made it easier for people to trigger a movement to reform the church and its teachings. There were two reformers Martin Luther, a german theology professor, who came to realise a new comprehension of Christianity, and King Henry VIII, who desired divorce which he could not get because of the disapproval of the Catholic Church. While the motives of their strong persuasion of
As the result, the British issued Coercive Acts as the punishment to the colonies and this Act had convinced the colonists to rebel against the Britain conducive to receive their own privileges in the colonies. (Goldfield, 2014,