The exploration and colonization practices of the Portuguese and Spanish had many similarities and differences to their British counterparts. Exploration and colonization where a very important aspect of any country during this time period (1450-1750), as colonies across the world led to greater profits and more control. The Portuguese and Spanish has very specific exploration and colonization practices. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella highly supported exploration (by supporting Columbus’s exploration and establishing empires in the New World). They also ensured the survival of the Spanish language and culture (including Catholicism).
Thus, based on Campbell’s point it should be said that this process of militarization had enormous influence on the Romanization process. Another strong explanation is Roman culture. It is accepted and confirmed by scholars that Roman culture established based on other cultures. Especially, ancient Greek civilization had deniable effect on Roman culture, and during the Romanization process it was used from Greek and other experiences extensively (Stearns, 2011, p. 151). However, Roman culture was very imperialist culture it was accepted out of the country very quickly.
They wanted to unite all the domain kingdoms of Spain and make it a dominant world. They united Spain's largest kingdoms and ruled Aragon and Castile together. Their biggest impact in the Spanish society was definitely the Spanish Inquisition. An inquisition is a series of investigations designed to judge and find heretics. Ferdinand and Isabella conquer the Granada from the Moors (Muslims) which gave them the title Catholic Kings in 1492.
In this book, Ricard states his belief that the expediential rate of conversion of the indigenous people resulted in their complete Christianization. Though the analysis of indigenous conversion during colonial times had been previously seen prior to Ricard, the publication of The Spiritual Conquest brought the spotlight back towards Spain and her colonies. Ricard concludes his discussion by stating that the indigenous groups had assimilated into the dominant Spanish culture fully around 1650. It has been suggested by scholars that the conclusions Ricard reached in his book are problematic in nature. Since the publication, the discussion of Indigenous conversion grown significantly.
The Synoptic Gospels speak an abundant amount about Christian Roman culture as well as Jewish culture. The language in Rome was Latin, but most local dwellers spoke Aramaic. The New Testament was later translated to Greek but was originally written in Hebrew because the Jews were the original authors. Roman records claim that Jesus of Nazareth established numerous communities, such as Jewish and non-Jewish Gentile communities (The Christian Bible 18). Christian culture views Jesus of Nazareth as their Messiah, the one who would save them from their sins (The Christian Bible 18).
Constantine the Great was a Roman Emperor who is widely regarded as one of the most influential men in history. He was a successful military leader whose important contributions to human and Christian history include the legitimization and tolerance of Christianity throughout the largely Pagan Roman Empire. This was accomplished through the Council of Nicaea along with the Edict of Milan. These achievements in and of themselves laid the foundation for Christianity as it is practiced in modern times. Constantine also enacted several laws which appear to be based in Christian faith, many of which are still visible in modern society.
2) To what extent the various features spread by Dante in both, his philosophical and political treaties (Convivio and De Monarchia) allowed his own thought to have a cultural life lasted for centuries up to our days? 3) To what extent Dante 's political thought is able to explain the huge popularity that this author acquired particularly during the Italian Risorgimento and during the European Romanticism? In an attempt to find some significant answers for the above questions, our first step will be the analysis of the historical-cultural background that characterised Dante 's century and that in turn influenced his political and philosophical thought. The historical-political background during Dante 's century. According to Gabriele Rossetti, Dante 's century "represented one of the most calamitous era of the history" (Rossetti, 1832, p.37), as it saw the continue struggles between the two powerful institutions of the time such the Church and the Empire, which dominated not only Italy but also the European, political scenario.
Roman ruins in Spain!?!? Who would have known that there would be Roman ruins in Spain? Well let me take you back in time. The Roman Empire controlled Spain for more than 700 years. During that time they brought forth many buildings that is still standing today that is why I believe Spain is a wonderful country to visit in order to see Roman ruins that had been preserved including the Alhambra, its history, and its culturally rich cities.
In Diaz’s Narration, the use of Spanish has a purpose, it shows or reveals in certain degree hints of the traditions of Latin America and the Caribbean. Taking as an example “Fiesta 1980”, Diaz uses a lot the expression “Dios mio”, “Bendición”, “Que Dios te bendiga” (Meyer 172) reflecting the religiosity of the Dominicans since 68.9 percent of the population declare to have Roman Catholic as their religion (Buffington). This shows that most of the population is devoted to a Christian religion and that represents a big part of their beliefs and traditions and even though the narration is in English these words are in Spanish to emphasize the meaning that they had for them. This is a clear example of a mix of cultures through the language. Other words that are not translated into English are “Pastelito”, “Tostones”, “Chicharrones”, “Sancocho”, “Pernil” (Meyer 175-77), these are traditional foods of Dominican people and since they have a big meaning for their culture they remain in Spanish.
Egyptian folklore in Washington Irving’s creativity It would be pertinent to mention that Washington Irving is one of the famous writers who have obviously applied to Egyptian folklore. Irving’s works, with the subject originated from Egyptian folklore, combine the Oriental characters. Such kind works of Irving were covered under his Spanish books. These books were dedicated to Spain and its history. Consider Washington Irving’s political activity as an American Ambassador to Spain, the dedication of main parts of his books to the Spanish history and traditions is quite understandable and natural.
About 85 percent of Puerto rican are roman catholic. Catholicism was the only religion permitted under the Spanish Monarchy, including in its American colonies. Most towns have a church in the center and celebrate patron saints in festivals. In general, the major religious practices of the island are rooted in Catholicism. Also Protestant sects have come to represent close to 10 percent, under United States influence, and the remainder of the people follow Judaism, some Islam, and some practice santería.
Spain and China today are known for their thriving culture, technological advancements and important historical events, but have we ever stopped to think about how they became such developed countries. Going back to the most impactful moments within these two countries is when their empires first began. The bulk of Spain 's Empire was held for over three centuries, starting in 1492 with the Spanish colonization of the Americas and lasting until the early 19th century. The expansion of Spain weighed heavily on wanting to spread Christianity. However, to do so they had to use military power to enforce conversion.
Islamic Spain was a multicultural mixture of the peoples of three monotheistic religions: Muslims, Christians and Jews. Although Christians and Jews lived under restrictions, for much of the time the three groups managed to get along, and to some extent, to benefit from the presence of others. It brought a level of civilization to Europe that was comparable to the heights of the Roman Empire and the Italian Renaissance. In 711 Muslim forces invaded Spain, and in seven years conquered the Iberian Peninsula. It became one of the great Muslim civilizations, reaching its apogee with the Umayyad caliphate of Cordoba in the 10th century.
For 700 years the Roman Empire was in control of Spain which assisted in making the structures in their area as stated by Ryan Howland. Spain 's history dates back 100s of years. Spain is one of the best places to visit the Roman ruins because of the many Roman structures built in Spain, and the fact that it controlled the Roman empire for 700 years, Spain has also spent time in preserving the ruins. According to Julie Kellogg Toledo ( a city in Spain) boasts a plethora of churches, synagogues, mosques, convents, and palaces. They also built amphitheaters that provided entertainment for the Romans at the time.
The Crusades were an imperative part in the religious and military history or all the more comprehensively, the social and political history of both European and Islamic human advancements. They purchased huge quantities of European Christians and Muslims into contact with one another in a battle and dialog that would keep going for a considerable length of time. (Reilly, p. 360) The First and Third Crusades were the best depicted of the endeavors to the Holy Land. The primary source for the First Crusade incorporate the letters of Pope Urban II; the Gesta Francorum (the Deeds of the Franks), which was composed by an unknown crusader who went with the Normans Bohemond and Tancred; the narratives of Raymond of Aguilers, who went with Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Raymond of Toulouse; the Alexiad, by Anna Comnena, girl of Alexius, the Byzantine Emperor; and Fulcher of Chartres, who went with Stephen of Blois and afterward Baldwin of Boulogne on the First Crusades. (Reilly, p.