The beginning of the 16th century brought with it the Reformation. The Catholic Church became challenged by Martin Luther and John Calvin. With nailing of the 95 theses on the Church doors, Luther began the Protestant Reformation. The counter-reformation was introduced in Europe to weaken the Protestant Reformation and rebuild the power of the Catholic Church through education, clergy reform, and spreading of the Catholic faith. The counter-reformation can be additionally seen as a political movement because of the loss in revenue in the Baltic provinces. The Lutheranism in the area diverted funds from the Church because that religion didn’t for taxes to be paid to the pope. In order for the Roman Catholic Church to regain its power, the R.C.C.
Throughout this semester as a class we have gone over many different terminology, seen many artists from all different countries and time periods. We have also learned about different kinds of art and media that the Artist work with. Over the entire semester I have gained a greater appreciation and understanding for art. Taking all of the new information that I learned this semester I choose three pieces of artwork from the St. Louis Art Museum. Two are similar to each other and the other is very different. The three pieces that I choose to critique are called Keith, Betty and Loch Lomond.
Vicent Van Gogh once said, “If you hear a voice within you ‘You cannot paint,’ then by all means paint, and that voice will be silenced.” Like most of Gogh’s paintings, Bonaventura Berlinghieri painted what he was passion about. Berlinghieri was “…know for his poignant and detailed scene from the life of the Saint Francis on the predella (based of the altarpiece) of the Church of San Francesco at Pescia” (The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica). The Saint Francis Altarpiece is a five feet panel, created in 1235 as a depiction of Saint Francis and the church. The portrait was painted on wood panel and in gothic like form. Nonetheless, this masterpiece is representation of time, the complexity of the painting and the
The Architectural Fantasy by Hubert Robert is an oil painting created in 1802. For an architectural painting, is displays much emotion through the use of color, line, and light. The painting does not utilize a multitude of colors but still is able to provide an exciting scene. Although it does not appear to be that large in the gallery, the work would actually be prominent if it were a standalone piece. The artist’s use of perspective, light, and color give the overall composition a balanced look.
There are four prominent art and design elements that were utilized in this painting: lines, shapes, light and value, and color. The first element is directional lines. Directional lines are used to guide the viewers eye to the main piece of the painting. In this case, the lines starting from the top right of the painting are directional. They lead your eyes to the large boat, onward to the bottom, where there are animals boarding it. The lines are also very sharp. They outline the shapes in the painting, giving the shapes a clear border. The next element is shape. The shapes are at very sharp angles. The animals tail is not curvy, but a sequence of hard lines, making the illusion of a curve. The eyes of the men are sharp lines. This painting, by definition, uses geometric shapes. Geometric shapes are lines connecting the points in a closed chain. There are no variance of shapes. All the figures can be split into differing
The Breakaway was painted by Thomas William Roberts, an Australian artist known for his national narratives. This is demonstrated through, The Breakaway, as it tells the story of a drover trying to prevent a mob of sheep from running away from the pack. During the 1890’s there was a drought which is depicted in the painting, with dust being kicked up and dry, arid landscape. In 1891 a shearers strike began leading to the formation of the Australian Labor Party which suggests the lack of assistance that the drover is in need of.
There are many differences that can be pointed out when evaluating the Maesta and the Sistine Ceiling. One of the main differences between these two paintings is that the Maesta establishes union through their religion that depicts the Virgin Mary as the central figure of their belief system, whereas the Sistine ceiling is a painting that is devoted to the catholic church with god as their drive in their religion. This difference is important because it shows how important religion was to both the Romans and Sienese. Both of these paintings depict a contrasting view on who they worshipped. The Maesta creates an image around the Virgin Mary as she was believed to be the most respectable person and powerful. In the Sistine Ceiling, we get to
The artist Dieric Bouts painting is called Virgin and Child. This painting dates back to 1455-1460 and is drawn with oil on a wood panel 81/2 x 61/2 . The time period is Netherlands, Haarlem. The Virgin and child are paint about the Virgin Mary and her love for her son.
Carl Bloch, In a Roman Osteria, 1866, Oil on Canvas, 177.5 (w) x 148.5 (h)cm (without frame), Rome.
The focal point is a massive circular shape that is located at the center of the corpse's chest which is also made with different circular patterns and many other shape patterns. Outside of the patterns are parallel lines that keep the patterns together in order for the viewers to not track of the focal point. The artist uses a different variety of lines such as implied lines, and expressive lines to make the painting more active and live. The implied lines show different emotions, and feelings that the artist is trying to express onto his or her viewers. The figure in the painting seems as it is showing remorse while at the same time, it’s trying to stay still while not trying to endorse to much emotion on the viewers. The artist uses negative and positive spaces to create depth and space within the painting. As I stare at the painting, the first thing I notice is how the artist uses light and dark to create balance. Further, above the corpse is a lantern that reflects light more on the right side as it creates shadows on the other side because of its position which gives the painting a more of a chiaroscuro setting. The different shades help the painting become more
Immigration has shaped the United States as a nation since the first newcomers arrived over 400 years ago. America has been known to be a nation of immigrants. Most immigrants viewed America as the "Land of Opportunity." Back in the mid-19th century to the early 20th century immigrants mostly from eastern and westerns Europe were leaving their home to find work in order to allow them to live a better life and to practice their religion freely. Many immigrants came to America seeking greater economic opportunity. America technically kept its promise but the quality of the job that came with it was terrible. They had jobs but the conditions were horrible
This painting is supposed to portray two teen lovers “The painting captures a perfectly frozen moment in time; two lovers caught by the spectator in the act of stealing a furtive kiss while no-one else is looking,” (Artble, 2016). The flirtatious young maiden is leaning in for a kiss while simultaneously looking back towards the party to ensure no-one is looking. The maiden was painted with such fashion and detail in her outfit. The main focus of the painting is the women and her facial expressions discerning the illicit action. Starting by glancing at the two lovers while they share a kiss, her beautiful dress catches the viewer’s eyes and wonder downward in a diagonal line. Following the direction of her dress, making a discovery of people in a shadowed room in the painting shows that they have ran off for their private moment
Florentine type of depiction spread widely due to the painting. Its popularity among the masses can be understood by the fact that the image has been used by most religious foundation in expression of Jesus and His mother Marry during the child’s tender age (Gelfand, 2000). It’s one of the most treasured paintings in the world. When compared to the Italian standards, the panel is said to be very minor, but its regard is extensively expressed with respect to many other paintings that are said to be, in the ancient times, the most regarded.
During the ancient times many cultures and races viewed art as something important for their lifestyles and part of their culture. Portraiture was one of the often used forms of art that either represented someone who once lived or a god that they worshipped. These forms of art were really important for various reasons, whether it was for worship, remembrance of the person or god, remembrance of an important day, tomb markers, etc. Three examples of portraitures made during the ancient times are: ‘Victory Stele of Naram-sin’, ‘Hatshepsut with Offering Jars’, and ‘Khafre Enthroned’. Each of these three pieces of art played a big role on the lives of the owners because it depicted them in the way that they wanted to be depicted. They all differentiate
The “Mona Lisa” is the best known and most visited piece of art. It is a portrait painting done by Leonardo de Vinci. The portrait is an oil painting on a white Lombardy poplar panel. The woman in the portrait is sat upright in an armchair, with her arms folded. This painting was one of the first portraits that depicted the sitter in front of an imaginary landscape. The portrait represents the beauty of the time period. It holds simplistic colors with detailed shading. The artwork is very intriguing to me. I love the detail in the background, there are tiny brushstrokes that makes up the mountains and sky. Also, I find the shading of the mouth and eyes very interesting. I like that Leonardo da Vinci painted the woman with no eyebrows, as they were