Located on the Iberian Peninsula, Spain is today an important European country with a very strong culture, influenced by varied populations such as the Visogoths or the Celtics. However, the cultures that have shaped current Spain the most are the Roman civilization and the Arab civilization. These two giant empires conquered what was known as “Hispania” during the Roman time, and “Al-Andalus” during the Arab time; leaving their mark on the country of Spain forever. In order to answer which civilization has been most influential to current Spain, we will in a first part, present the influence of Romans on current Spain. In a second part, we will then discuss the influence of Arabs on current Spain.
Since 509 and until 27 B.C. the Roman Republic experienced numerous alternations both in its military and in its political history. Due to several circumstances and changes in the military and social stage, the political life of Rome was affected while in this era. A number of modern scholars are of the opinion that the Roman government of the Late Republic was a government of the elite. Namely, they maintain that the elite formulated it for the elite.
During majority of its existence, it was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe ("The Byzantine," n.d., para. 2). This empire was the greatest empire, and made countless contributions to civilization. Although some people think it was unsuccessful because of what the tax difficulty did to the empire, it was a success and lasted so long because of the army, the location, and the great emperor Justinian. In 476 AD, the empire finally fell after an Ottoman army stormed Constantinople (history.com/para1).
At the extent of the empire within the sixth century AD, Roman road systems stretched from as region as Turkey and as way west as nice United Kingdom, and enclosed the whole thing of the Mediterranean outline. The roads build by the Romans were employed by legions of Roman troopers to cross the huge Empire during a short quantity of your time. The allowed the growth of the empire to hasten to become what it sounded like within the sixth century AD. The Roman route system was the primary unified road system in better-known world history. The code of law of the traditional empire, the Law of the twelve Tables, written within the fifth century before Christ, determined that the uniform breadth of a Roman Road had to be eight feet once straight and sixteen feet once arced.
The birth of the Roman Republic was 509 BCE. The Romans all had different social classes and rights, and they still did after the king got voted out and the Roman Republic started, which were two leaders who had rights to veto. There was a lot of common goods in Ancient Rome and public service was one of them. I gave public services an A. Since the Roman Republic was so big they needed a fresh supply of water.
Western civilization is the name of a modern or contemporary society that includes Western Europe and North America. The influence of ancient cultures, which mainly are Greek and Roman are known to have a great role in the civilization’s appearance. It has been in place for centuries. During its existence, it moved from a kingdom to an Oligarchic Republic then to an expanding Autocratic Empire. Roman civilization grew to dominate Southwestern Europe, Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean area through capture and assimilation.
Indeed, in many states British imperialism took place under the form of ‘hybrid colonialism’ which consisted of a combination of both direct and indirect rule. The most notable example of this rule was under colonial India where the vastness of territories as well as the high population of the country first led the British to a form of indirect rule headed by the British East Indian Company prior to 1857. However, in May 1857 the Sepoy Mutiny - a major revolt from Indian soldiers against the rule of the British East Indian Company, compelled Britain to make India an official colony under control of London and the crown making an attempt to switch form indirect to direct colonialism. Types of colonialism varied in time and the British Empire did not hesitate to switch colonial practices to direct rule when local leaders resisted colonial rule as it was the case in 1857 in India. However, due to the very large number of states which composed India, types of colonial rule also varied geographically within the country.
Christianity had remained over the centuries a missionary religion. The Catholic Church took this responsibility seriously, and as a result, Europe was overwhelmingly Catholic by 1450. Portugal was the first European kingdom to explore other lands. For most of the 16th century, the Portuguese dominated the Indian Ocean trade. Europeans conquered and claimed the territories and greatly increased their prosperity and power, and Christianity spread to a whole new hemisphere.
Because the Romans were a very influential nation, they Celtic tribes soon adopted their ways. The Roman empire was the highest and most advanced civilization during the first four centuries of the Christian Era. They had discipline and obedience resulting in them possessing a very strong army. They spoke the Lingua Franca or common language of the world at that time which was Latin. The Romans colonized Britania in the year 43 CE and remained there until 410 CE until they were pushed out by a group of people whom they
The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire is one of the largest empires to be established in history. It stretched over many continents and had many islands. Spain expanded its territories over four centuries, starting in 1492 and ending in 1892. One of the influences from the Spanish Empire today is that the United States was founded under Spanish control. The motivating force for Spanish exploration, both on land and overseas, was the spread of Catholicism and the unearthing of natural resources and precious metals such as gold and silver by taking over other empires such as the Aztecs and Incas.