Throughout history, many incredible civilizations have risen and fallen. Among them was Ancient Rome. The Roman Republic started in Italy in around 800 BC, and became a grand and powerful civilization. It was ruled by the people and they voted for leaders. Ancient Rome would go on to dominate much of the Mediterranean. Although the Roman Republic was a magnificent place, it didn’t always meet the common good. In order to meet the common good, a few things it would have to do are provide public services, promote the rule of law, and prepare for a common defense. Overall, the Roman Republic somewhat met the common good.
America is very similar to Ancient Rome, but there are several differences. For example, the Roman Empire "fell" and America is still “standing”. Before ancient Rome “fell”, Rome started out as a small settlement of farmers on the Palatine hill. About one hundred years later, Rome became a republic. The Roman Empire started when Pax Romana or Roman peace began in 27 BCE under the rule of Augustus Caesar. During Pax Romana, Rome had fair laws, a participatory government, growth and trade. But no peace can last forever. In 200 CE, Pax Romana comes to an end. Only twenty years later, foreigners start invading Rome. The Roman empire came to its end in 476 BCE, when invaded by the Goths, a Germanic tribe after five hundred and three years of being an empire. The Roman Empire "fell" predominantly because of government issues, natural disasters and disease and most importantly, defence problems.
The Roman Empire and the United States of America both developed to be large and powerful civilizations in their time periods. With the Rome Empire being in power well a thousand years before the United States of America were even English colonies let alone a growing a country, you would think that the would be very different in all aspects. This is true for many aspects for the two civilizations, but a few aspects share similarities between the two. One of these aspect is the military policy that both civilizations had. The military policy that these two civilizations had impacted them in different and similar ways.
Ancient Rome DBQ Many people argue that the culture of the Ancient Romans reflect that of the United States today. While there have been many advancements over the course of the years, a few basic principles still apply and can be seen in the United States today. Although there a few key differences that can be seen between the two cultures, it is important that one focuses on similarities to see how the United States has developed as a whole. Roman culture was similar to what the United States is today by the form of government and types of entertainment.
Despite the fall of Imperial Rome which was highly developed for its time, the Romans created many variations in politics, economics and social structure. When forming the United States, our founding fathers used the Romans ancient society as a structure for America. This ancient t model allowed America, early and modern alike, to spiral and become an outstanding figure in global affairs. Although the united states and rome are very different they are also alike in many ways. Rome and the United states are similar because they both have a dying middle class and they both had a generalized law. However they are different because Rome was common for emperors to have enemies killed, but murder is not accept in America.
So, how did these two societies, that both started in completely different ways, come to be so similar? Well, the truth of the matter is, how a society is built does not dictate the future for it. Rome had an economic system, a government, and a military to go along with daily life. America does, as well, although the culture has many differences, but that goes with the time period. What matters most when trying to build a society are the decisions made by each population over time that benefit or hinder the country.
Impacts of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece on America Most of America considers itself a “Great” nation. Whether this means powerful, intelligent, flourishing, thriving, et cetera, is unclear. In order to explore where America obtained the inspiration for its greatness, I am going to walk through the influence of the great Greek and Roman cultures and Empires (so to speak). These ancient civilizations were among the first that had governments of democracy and sophistication, of elections and thriving economies on a mass scale.
I think that the Roman Republic excelled when it came to common good. They did really well in providing public services, protecting rights, the rule of law, preparing a common defense, and supporting the economic system. I gave the Roman Republic almost all A’s for meeting the common good, so in the next five paragraphs, I will tell you why. The Roman Republic got an A from me for meeting the common good in providing public services because they invented a waterway called the Aqueducts that provided running water, indoor plumbing, and a sewer system that removed diseases from the community.
The Roman government was a republic and the United States government is a democratic republic. In the Roman republic, there were three branches of government which were very similar to the three branches of the United States democracy. Ancient Rome had two social classes, the plebeian class which was the lower class and the patrician class which was the upper class. Both the ancient Roman republic and the United States democracy have one document that spells out all of the laws of the area. The United States democracy is more democratic than the ancient Roman republic because government positions can be held by a larger variety of people, the Constitution is more accepting, and all United States citizens can vote if they are registered and
Rome granted citizenship more freely than Athens. Citizenship was granted to free, native-born adult males and females as well as their children and the sons of freed slaves (doc A). Although many people were granted citizenship, not all were given equal rights. For example, foreigners in conquered lands could be given “full or partial citizenship”, and citizens of states with treaty obligations were given “limited rights in return for performing military service” (Doc C). The government in Rome was divided into three different branches: the Consul, the Senate and the Assembly (Doc F).
Ancient Greece and Rome were very successful in both of their empires and how they expanded. However, Ancient Greece and Rome are quite diverse whenever you see how they created their empires and how they overall lived their lives.
Lastly, Romans influenced us with laws and rights. Romans created a law of equal treatment. These principals are like the ones in European countries and in the United States of America. Romans follow a representative government like many nations today. Rome had a senate that made the laws and represented the views of citizens.
Rome from 71 BCE to 476 BCE and Han China from 206 BCE to 220 BCE are two very well-known classical empires. These two empires have similarities and differences in their political systems, religion, and social structure. The romans had a democratic government whereas China had a singular ruler. Imperial Rome was monotheistic and Han China was polytheistic. While they both had similar class structures, China had a three tiered social system and the Romans only had two divisions in their class structure.
The Legacy of the Roman Empire The ancient Roman saying states: All roads lead to Rome! And this was true, in this essay I will show what great achievements and inventions happened during the plus minus 500 years from 27 Before Common Era, to 476 Common Era, in the Roman Empire and argue how these achievements and inventions still have influences in our everyday life and the modern world we live in today. Of course the Roman Empire consisted of more than just Roads, the Roman legislative system, their customs and traditions, religions, social structure, political system, art, architecture, writing, philosophy, citizenship, language use and military advancements held their Empire and their citizens together. I will reflect and show, how some of these tools the Romans used almost 2000 years ago, still live on through us today.