During the early Pax Romana, Christianity, emerged and it spread rapidly in the Roman Empire. The founder of Christianity was Jesus who used parables with moral lessons to communicate his ideas. Jesus emphasized mercy, sympathy for the poor and helpless, morality, forgiveness, and service to others. Christianity eventually became the official religion of Rome because of its unifying force and the fact that it appealed to all classes in society. The humble, poor and oppressed found comfort in his message of love, equality, human dignity, and promise for a better life.
Augustine dedicated his life to Christ after reading the epistles of Paul. Original sin was a disputed topic for the Church and had many sides to it. Augustine’s argument about original sin disagreed with Pelagius’, a philosopher in the church. He argued that sin has been passed down from the start when Adam and Eve first ate from the tree of knowledge.
People were willing to accept Christianity when these prophets came to them, because the decline of power and morals in the empire made people want something that provided a religious system and hope, especially for the oppressed lower
When Jesus Became God is written by Richard Rubenstein suggests that Jesus was divine, but they do not insist upon it. Hundreds of years after Jesus ' death, the Church councils made Jesus ' divinity a central tenet of belief among many of his followers. When Jesus Became God is a narrative of the history of the Christians ' early efforts to define Christianity by convening councils and writing creeds. Rubenstein is most interested in the battle between Arius, Presbyter of Alexandria, and Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria. Arius the leader of the Arians said that Christ did not share God 's nature but was the first creature God created.
In the mid-1600s, the New England Puritans had a vision: they were to create the perfect Christian church and settlement, one that was made according to their interpretation of the original church Jesus had visualized. They were a very religious group and wanted to build a place of refuge for themselves. Unlike the colonist of the Chesapeake Bay colonies, they did not immigrate to make a fortune. The main reason the Puritans traveled to America was because they wanted to build a “City Upon a Hill”, since they were persecuted in England for their beliefs. From the 1630s to the 1660s, the Puritan’s beliefs greatly influenced the political, economical, and social development of the New England colonies.
Original Sin Tertullian was one of the most influential figures during early Christianity. Born pagan, Tertullian changed his ways and became a devout Christian. His works were the basis for early practices/beliefs and became the epitome for Christian traditions. Although many of his teachings were held to a high standard, his spin-off on original sin plays an interesting role. Original sin is the belief formed because of Adam and Eve 's expulsion from the garden.
German Martin Luther wanted a new religion so he decided to make up protestant. He wanted a religion that's for everyone and not just one for people who lived in England and people ended up liking his idea. This sections about the Roman Catholic Faith. It is not complete, but it agrees with the Lutherans and other Protestants disagree with Rome.
Marriage in union with Christ is at work in society today in many ways. One way people live out marriage in union with Christ is by just living a catholic and christ-like life. By doing this, we are getting closer to God because this is God’s goal for us, He wants us to live like Jesus and follow right in his footsteps because Jesus is just like God. Another way we live out marriage in union with Christ is by getting married to a catholic in a catholic way. In the catholic religion, marriage is very serious and once you get married, they do not want people to get divorced unless it is a very bad situation.
A final characteristic of medieval religion was a belief that saints would help those that loved them. A saint being someone who was exceptionally virtuous or holy in life was thought to help people even after their death. Therefore many catholics had saints that they will lavish with affection. In return for this affection it is was commonly thought that saints would help these people by performing miracles or just making things go their way “it is sufficiently evident how much the blessed apostles love and glorify those who glorify them” (Relics). Religion in the middle ages was certainly more radical than it is today in Europe.
This shows that religion went hand and hand with indentured servitude. It indirectly tells the readers that potential indentured servitude owners were mostly likely christian. This helps reveal to the authors the main goal of the system, to convert more people to christianity. The indentured servitude system was well thought out.
In Central America following the Conquest, the Aztecs were forced to transition into Christianity and did so fairly better than expected. It can be argued that the success of Christianity is attributed to the striking similarities Catholicism and Aztec beliefs both held. The symbol of the cross for example and maternal figures extended to both cultures. When the indigenous were indoctrinated to Mother Mary they saw her a different version of Tonantzin, their own goddess of fertility. It was in this way that they could keep some semblance of their previous beliefs in contention with a forced once that was now their reality.
Since 1492, Spain recognized Christianity as its official religion because there was no distinction between Catholicism and Protestantism. Most of the Spanish population practiced Christianity due to Jews being banished and Muslims being converted. In 1517, the Protestant Reformation divided the Christian religion half - into Catholicism and Protestantism. Spain supported the Catholic religion, and they saw the New World as an opportunity to convert others to Catholicism. They believed that religion gave them the right to conquer new land, because they “came to serve God and to get rich, as all men wish to do,” which Bernal Diaz del Castillo said while working with Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
Excluding the Quakers, none said a word against it. Indeed, many evangelists owned slaves. Instead of promoting emancipation in the current life, they promised equality to the slaves in the afterlife, so long as they would adopt Christianity. So too did Preachers make a renewed effort to preach to Native Americans, the first in many decades. Unreceptive to the regimented orthodox methods of preaching, a series of northern tribes “suddenly warmed to the new… mode of preaching” (359).
The Romans and and Jewish leaders felt threatened by Jesus because he thought he was the messiah. Jesus would then be crucified by the Romans. Christianity was able to take hold in the ancient world and flourish because of Christianity 's belief in equality, Rome’s biased