The gothic style is not the exception. Most buildings from that era follow certain characteristics that make them different from any other style of architecture in history. The Chartres Cathedral is a great example of gothic architecture, and of the elements that characterize it. Chartres Cathedral is a catholic church in Eure y Loir, France, nearly 80 km to the southeast of Paris. It is believed that in the same place where the Chartres Cathedral stands today, there was another religious site, dedicated to Argantoreta, the Mother Goddess of the Druid mythology, one that can be compared to the Virgin Mary of the Catholic Church.
Interestingly, the Gothic design beat the Renaissance design “not so much for the actual design, as for the relative value of Gothic Architecture” (Acland). In addition, one important caveat was that the building needed to “readily len[d] itself to extension in any direction, as enlargement was called for” (Acland). Acland believed this principle was “the character of every period of good Gothic.” Nevertheless, the outcome of his Gothic choice is visually and architecturally spectacular. The successful combination of pointed arches, ribbed vaults and unique flying buttresses resulted in the creation of one of the most prestigious Gothic structures in
Its name derives for the use of roman semicircular arches use in most doors and windows. The architects encountered a construction problem since they wanted to use masonry for the ceiling instead of wood. It made it more complicated since they now needed a stronger support for the ceiling. In order to find a practical solution, most of its buildings rely on the mass of the walls to support the heavy ceiling. Also, the use of arches tunnels for the roof made it more secure preventing it to fall which created what is called a vault.
Early Netherlandish painter, Robert Campin, active during the 15th and 16th century was one of the few to introduced a new painting style to the Italian Renaissance Era. Although Campin belongs to the Northern Renaissance era, he still carried elements of Late Gothic. Therefore, Campin was greatly influenced by the International Gothic movement. The Gothic movement, which was introduced by the French includes a saturation of biblical scenes, Illumnatied religious manuscripts, and very detailed portraiture. One of Robert Campin’s biggest achivements was, Merode Altarpiece, a detailed religious scene done between 1425 and 1428.
The artist’s work in the baroque period often resemble dramatic artworks that sought to draw the viewer into the image, also images employ high contrast of light and shadow as well as a fluidity that were absent in Renaissance art. Baroque creates a strong sense of liveliness, spirit and attraction. And the churches of the baroque churches tend to be richly decorated and the elements in the structure are used more freely than Renaissance. An iconic artist in the renaissance period was Leonardo da Vinci intended to further perfect the aspects of pictorial art (lighting, linear and atmospheric perspective, characterization and foreshortening, anatomy) that had preoccupied artists of the Early Renaissance, His adoption of oil paint as his primary
(article) Anthony Van Dyck was a famous leading court painter in England. He was particularly well known for redefining the iconographical style as well as his fresh approach to new color schemes. Furthermore he also painted biblical and mythological subjects and was an accomplished engraver in his own
As they draw the cathedral together, “I put in windows with arches. I drew flying buttresses. I hung great doors. I couldn’t stop”(Carver, 42). This transformation of simply drawing what a cathedral looks like, to imagining actually hanging the doors means that the narrator is seeing the cathedral for what it is, instead of its superficial features.
“The Renaissance of the fifteenth century was, in many things, great rather by what it designed then by what it achieved.” - Walter Pater. Benozzo Gozzoli was an early Italian painter during the Renaissance. He designed and painted many of the Renaissance’s greatest masterpieces, such as the Procession of the Magi, The Conversion of Saint Paul, and Virgin and Child with Angels. Gozzoli’s artwork was influenced by many things and people around him, that helped shape him to be one of the greatest painters during the Renaissance. His paintings and other achievements were very important during the Renaissance, and impacted the Renaissance in many ways.
Leonardo da Vinci was not only a painter but also an architect, and inventor. Due to this he was known as The Renaissance Man (Bio.com Staff). Leonardo’s paintings have had a lasting impact on the Renaissance era. His most known pieces of work are The Last Supper and Mona Lisa. His paintings were predominantly religious; he had a desire to paint things realistically.
The Renaissance was a dramatic time period where many changes happened in Europe due to the contributions of humanists.One of these humanists was Raphael Sanzio.He significantly impacted the world through his paintings,architecture,and his influence on other artists.Even though he had a short life he painted amazing paintings with great details and perspective.His paintings were mostly religious such as The Sistine Madonna and The Marriage of the Virgin,however,he did paint non-religious paintings like School of Athens and his self-portrait.Raphael was an architect too.Villa Madama and St.Peter’s Basilica in Vatican were designed by him.Raphael also influenced artists up to 1900’s.He changed the way people look at art by painting emotional
Artists were hired to paint the inside walls making the castle seem brighter and it added color to the stone walls. Some new design tactics in concentric castles were round keeps, which eliminated weak spots so it was harder to break into. An inner high wall was introduced to further protect the keep.
Art experiences a wonderful developing, so that he can remain many famous architectures and museums for people. One of his famous buildings is the Vatican Museum, which is the world’s biggest collection of antiquities. He also builds a great number of churches. In 1509, when Raphael was introduced to the Julius, he let Raphael began his masterpiece for the pope in the Vatican Museum. He starts to draw the frescoes in the three rooms of the Vatican Museum.
The tall spires suggest the people’s ambitions to rise above the natural world and touch the supernatural realm. There were also vaulting windows which were decorated with stained glass and included images of the interaction between the supernatural and human worlds. These Cathedrals were also covered in carvings that told Biblical stories and often included humanity in conflict with the supernatural. These often included demons, angels, and monsters. Limestone was commonly used for building Gothic structures however, Northern and Eastern Germany, and Southern France made their Cathedrals out of brick and used mortar to stick them together.
Art made from stone or glass and the like were used to illustrate Christian teachings by having this art built or added into the Cathedrals. Lots of great biblical teachings were represented through stone art. These were mainly found on the outside of the churches. One very famous Cathedral known for it’s stone art was the Autun Cathedral in Burgundy. The art displayed on the front of Autun tells the story of the “Last Judgement.” Jesus is a large figure at the center of the scene.
A celebration to God’s glory and to the dignity of man (Orson Welles, F is for Fake) Orson, like many others, comments on the beauty and prestigious work that is encapsulated in the Chartres Cathedral. Since being built, the Chartres Cathedral has had a tremendous effect on the Western world. The cathedral represents more than just the architectural features and the work that went into it; it also shows a lot about religious life, the economics of Europe in the Middle Ages, and the culture of France. Standing at over 400 feet, the Chartres Cathedral is a grand cathedral, and one of the tallest buildings at the time of construction. The Chartres Cathedral has been built and rebuilt several times, but it still stands in Chartres, France.