T. S Eliot has rightly pointed out that passionate thinking is the chief mark of metaphysical poetry. The most striking feature in Donne’s poetry is that every lyric arises of some emotional situation and the emotion is not merely expressed but it is also analyzed. “The Sun Rising” and “The Canonization” show the hasty beginning without any prediction or background. Thus the poet
In “Keats and Celtic Romanticism”, Grant F. Scott claimed that Keats 's interest was not simply artistic but there were strong contemporary political implications in his choice of embracing a culture that was pre-Roman, pre-Christian and a pre-colonized. Keats had a marginalized status as a Cockney writer in the main literary establishment which made him all the more sympathetic to the struggle of the Celts to Roman and English cultural colonization. Scott writes, “Keats 's emphasis on the Celts, Druids, and faerylore in his own poetry was a powerful defense against the depreciation of one 's self and one 's group by the patrician English ruling group in power” (Scott, Keats and Romantic Celticism by Christine Gallant, 2006, p. 226). Keats took up an idea in the Hyperion and he connected the Celts with the Titans. Scott explained that the faeries were associated with the realm of the dead and widely feared by ordinary folk.
Consequently, poets were under the influence of the political events of the time and reacted to them by writing the politically symbolic poetry. Samuel Taylor Coleridge was one of the romantic poets who inserted the political concepts and symbols into some of his poems. Coleridge tended to speak about the interdependence of life and death through symbolic, metaphorical, and allegorical devices, because they offered him the opportunity to show interdependence of nature, man, and God in a very complex way. There could always be found numerous meanings on various levels. Not a straight- forward way of exploring the human existence and its termination was the theme found worthy of going into because Coleridge wanted to go through the haze of the mysterious in order to reach the realm of wisdom in the
T.S. Eliot is a worldwide famous poet, an American modernist, and the winner of the 1894 Nobel Prize in Literature. Eliot changed the existing order in English literature. His poetry and literary criticism changed the literary interests of the whole generation. Through his poems, he forces people to know the history of the development of English poetry and to look at the seventeenth-century England with a new vision of Romanticism.
In the Romantic Period, a new movement is emerged in literature. This movement is started with the publication of the Lyrical Ballads which is written by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Hugh Holman states that; Romanticism is a literary and philosophical theory which tends to see the individual at the very centre of all life and all experience, and it places the individual, therefore, at the centre of art, making literature most valuable as an expression of his or her unique feelings and particular attitudes. (Holman 1980) Romantic writers make some innovations in theme, setting and etc. against traditional understanding of literature and traditional writers.
They were written chiefly with a view to ascertain how far the language of conversation in the middle and lower classes of society is adapted to the purposes of poetic pleasure. Wordsworth observes that whatever contains “ A natural delineation of human passions, human characters, human incidents” should be accepted as poetry. About the Preface:- The principle object to then which Wordsworth proposed to himself in those poems were to make the incidents of common life interesting by tracing in them, truly but not ostentatiously, the primary lose of nature: chiefly as far as regards the manner in which it associate ideas in a state of excitement. Low and rustic life was generally chosen because in that situation the essential passions of the art finds the better soil in which they can attain their maturity, are less under restrained, and speak of a plainer and more emphatic language; because in
INTRODUCTION C. Wright Mills was a mid-century Activist, Journalist, and more importantly a Sociologist who was critical of intellectual sociology and believed sociologists should use their information to advocate for social change. Further, his writings particularly addressed the responsibilities of intellectuals in post World War II society and recommended relevance and engagement over unbiased academic observation. Well known for coining the phrase ‘power elite,’ a term he used to describe the people who ran a government or organization because of their wealth and social status. He was also known and celebrated for his critiques of contemporary power structures. Influenced by Marxist ideas and the theories of Max Weber, Mills was highly
Van Dijk (1993b) affirms that Critical-Political Discourse Analysis clarifies “the reproduction of political power, power abuse or domination through political discourse, including the various forms of resistance or counter-power against such forms of discursive dominance (p.11). Consequently, social and political bias results from this domination. Van Dijk (1997) points out that political discourse is the discourse of politicians and it is about such politics. He also outlines his definition of political discourse and its many sub-genres as follows: 1) It is a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely politics. He delimits the political properties that differentiate political discourse from other forms of discourse, such as political field, political system, political ideologies, political institutions, political organizations, political groups, political actors, and political process.
Their physical description is to be filled in by the author. As the poem progresses, Milton gives the reader epithets. Raleigh says that “From beginning to the end of the description, the aim of the poet is to preserve the right key of large emotions, and the words that he chooses are chosen chiefly for their emotional value”(133). Milton uses a wide range of vocabulary and diction in Paradise Lost. He also uses idiomatic dictions in various contexts.
Beckett was not a man of conventional letters and he found the traditional modes of artistic expression inapt for his avant-garde approach to life and art. As an existentialist thinker Beckett strived for an aesthetics, an artistic mould that would go with his way of thinking and perceiving the human condition. He devised a new kind of hardcore aesthetics that would offer hard-hitting expression to his existential philosophy. In Beckett’s fiction, especially in his late prose works, we come across an artistic philosophy that allows him to develop his narrative through negative propositions. This new kind of aesthetics contradicts the conventions of structural dialectics in normative novelistic discourse; and Beckett registers the deviation as he flirts with the modes of prose narratives in his existentialist vein.