Poe did not create these genres, but popularized them. These genres showed a darker aspect of romanticism and focused more on the human psyche rather than just the evil itself, which gave the stories a new dimension. In both texts, Poe uses narration and dictation to showcase both genres. Poe does this to show how literature is a truer reflection of the human psyche than logic. He made his characters realistic, even though they were dark and evil.
Edgar Allan Poe was one of the most important poets and writers in America. He was described as a romantic poet, but he wrote also poems, poetical lyrics, he was the first to invent the detective story and he developed the science fiction. He was against a philosophical inclination: The transcendentalism, who believed in the existence of a transcendent or spiritual energy that generated all reality and held it in unity. Poe, instead, thought that all was characterised by an obsessive imagination. This thing was also underlined by the fact that he had a difficult life, the writer was a rebellious child and he had an unstable nature.
Many have said that the greatest love stories of all time arose from this period of enlightenment and rebirth. Of course, some argue that the true theme of these famous works are not love at all, but are in fact poems of lust. The distinction between love and lust can be made through the examination of the poems Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, To His Coy Mistress, and To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Valediction: Forbidding Mourning is a poem concerning the true nature of love. A woman is upset because her husband has to go on a journey.
The first time I was introduced to Romanticism in this course, I thought that I would be reading a lot of love poems and novels. But soon enough I realized how wrong I was and understood the real concept of Romanticism. It is a movement of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that reacted against the rules in literature, philosophy, art, religion, and politics at that period. Romantic writers meant to break out of what was usual and write about the things that no one dared to talk or write about. It also gave voice to the voiceless like children, women, and the low-class.
It has been defined by Friedrich Schegel in his book, Kritische Schriften, as “That is romantic which depicts emotional matter in imaginative form.” It has been defined as “Romantic poetry springs from our agony and our despair” by Charles Nodier. Romanticism can be described as “Classic art portrays the finite; romantic art also suggests the infinite” by Heinrich Heino. Victor Hugo, in his Preface to Hernani, describes romanticism in the terms “Romanticism, so often ill-defined is only liberalism in literature” (O’Cinneide). Thus, it is apparent that romanticism proves difficult to define. Romantic writers and poets emphasize many different themes in their works of poetry.
Walt Whitman’s work transcended the notions considered taboo at that time, such as sexual experiences, Whitman openly and unapologetically translated through his work what others considered to be outrageous. His poems expressed sexual experiences and many other form of controversial elements. As I have previously stated “Walt Whitman, is a true inspiration and a pioneer of his generation when it comes to self-expression in a world not so forgiven by those who challenge the moral rules of society in which they live. In his poem titled Shut your doors he wrote: “Shut not your doors to me proud libraries.” In the other hand, The Trifles was the opposite of the work Whitman was engaged on, The Trifles clearly expressed the opposite of what Walt Whitman was doing. The Trifles depicted a reality where the socio dynamic between people of different gender or different part of the country.
Those who challenge social norms are seldom met with open arms. Most of the time, any who dare oppose the expectations of society are met with consternation and condemnation. The same can be said when it comes to societal views on racism and slavery. Countee Cullen, an early 20th-century poet, depicted the displeasure that formed in response to those fighting the social acceptance of racism in his poem “Tableau”. A society cannot change or evolve without people willing to walk against the current and, at times, defy said society’s foundations.
His work consists mainly of poetry and is very uneven in style and level. He wrote how he felt, and thus his work fluctuates between deep melancholy, lamenting his destiny and savage rants against God and the bourgeois institutions he hated. Some of his poetry is reminiscent of old folk songs;
Contrapuntal lines were often reduced to single, relentless thoughts that often shocked audiences and created discomfort among musicians. One of the most shocking pieces of the Romantic period was Hector Berlioz in his "Symphonie Fantastique." In this work Berlioz deals with grotesque subject matter and at one point suggests the image of his beloved on a scaffolding about to be
Introduction Sonnet 130 is considered to be in the group of poems addressing the so called ‘Dark Lady’, who the speaker hates, loves and lusts for simultaneously. In the Sonnet Shakespeare characterizes the Dark Lady’s appearance with metaphors, which are extraordinarily out of character for the Petrarchan traditions. Instead of lauding the unavailable mistress in the highest terms, as the Petrarchan tradition dictates, Sonnet 130 humorously mocks those traditions by ‘placing innovative pressure upon the limits of metaphoricity’ (Callaghan, 56). This paper briefly engages with Shakespeare’s witty criticism of the Petrarchan traditions and mainly focuses on the different notion of love that Shakespeare portrays in this Sonnet. In contrast to the clichéd way of declaring one’s love to the beloved, which mainly consisted of lauding the object of affection, Shakespeare compares the mistress to a number of beauties of nature - but always against her favour.