Romanticism In Prose Literature

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When faced with the rejection of the Catholic religion and secular ideas of the period of Enlightment, romantic heroes lived many mystical adventures and discovered the beauty of religion. For example, in Les Misérables, by Victor Hugo, the lector was a witness of a miraculous encounter between a criminal and a priest, who is able to transform the wanted former detainee Jean Valjean into the illustrious Mr. Madeleine.
But the Romanticism is not only a reaction to the period of Enlightment. Romantic writers and poets also seek to disrupt and break the restrictions of the classicism by renewing the form of their writings, for example, and making everything more accessible to the grand public. The language of romanticism is therefore simple and
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In order to affect their reader with their feelings of suffering and unhappiness, and to convey to them all the melancholy on which this period of literary revolution is based, romantic poets now focus on the musicality of their verses and favor certain sounds to others. Hyperbolas and long descriptions are all the more numerous in romantic texts to broaden the reader’s imagination in turn from the bland lines of classical literature.
The mediation on death, the fear of the flight of time – represented by the bitter and epic descriptions of ruins buried under nature, God and a love disappointed by separation, are all recurring themes in romantic poetry.
In order to concentrate their works on the exploration of their deepest feelings, the romantics alter the foundations of the lyrical register, born in antiquity with the legend of the lyre of Orpheus, damned lover of Eurydice, forever forced to sing his love for her, even after his
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We can remember names like of Verlaine, Rimbaud and Mallarmé.
Symbolism is a mystical movement that believes in what is secret, in what is sacred, and in a power beyond the realistic and sensible world. The symbolist poet became a seer and thus able to decipher these symbols, which became the link between the visible and invisible reality of the universe. The Symbolist identity is therefore more vain and pretentious than that of the Romantics.
The symbolists believe that the understanding of art must be particular and delicate, and not accessible to the low population. The poet then became the link between the divine and the human, while the romantic tried to reach the divine and suffered from never being able to reach it.
The Symbolists revolutionize the art of poetry by mixing, for the first time, the five senses and imagine subtle matches between perfumes and colors.
We will remember the most famous Baudelaire verses, the predecessor of the Symbolist movement, published in Les Fleurs du Mal, 1857, in his poem Correspondances :
« La nature est un temple où de vivants
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