Romanticism Vs Transcendentalism

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There was a time in America, specifically in North America, where the possibilities to express, create, and experiment in any field were limited. Since the beginning of the era of 1800, the society was plunged into a world where what we know today as 'freedom of speech ' did not exist. Nevertheless, there were some who went beyond and they sought an escape or a way to face this revolution. An equally significant aspect of this revolution was that literary diverse, artistic and social movements emerged. Whilst industrialization had left damaged nationalist sentiment of some Americans, there were others who found a way to make it blossom. Notwithstanding these limitations, "a new school of artists sought to depict a love of nature and the…show more content…
An important thing that we have to consider is that as Al-Malki exposed there are some literary periods which overlap, and certain movements give birth to other movements so that a clear-cut distinction between successive eras or concurrent movements is not possible (7). If we look back several years, Transcendentalism did not take place when Romanticism finish, or the other way around. Both movements exists simultaneously and, when the Industrial Revolution was declining Romanticism and Transcendentalism appeared strongly because their relevance was categorical in the acting and thinking of many people who were disappointed with the lifestyle they had as a consequence of the capitalist thought which was intervening in every day society. There is also, however, a further point to be considered: "we must acknowledge that historical and social changes affect the evolution of literature" (Al-Malki 7). That is why, it is possible to claim that Romanticism and Transcendentalism were a consequence of the Industrial Revolution and their social impact was undoubtedly reflected on Emerson and Dickinson’s literary…show more content…
Transcendentalism is a religious and philosophical movement which was developed during the late 1820s and 30s. It was a protest against the general state of spirituality, in particular intellectualism state. This philosophical movement was mainly based on the idea that God is an internal force and as His creations, everyone and everything has a divine spark. Each Transcendentalist writer wrote differently; their works were classified by their themes, not how they were written because there was not a specific structure to be used. The writings were original and excellent, and they also concerned more with the spirit rather than the body or the mind. That is why the most sensitive writers are connected with its surroundings and backgrounds, reflecting the great barrier between the divine and evil in all of their works. Gura claimed that "Transcendentalism thus seemed the ideal philosophy for a nation dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal and have the same inalienable rights" (1). In this, the movement began to overlap and Emerson was one of its most famous proponents. He moved away from his beliefs, formulating the ideas of Transcendentalism and based on what society was living he wrote many essays and poems. On one of his poems called "A Nation 's Strength" he compared a nation with buildings, showing that the pillars of a nation are people. Without the people 's

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