Romblon Geography

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Romblon is an archipelagic province strategically situated at the center of the Philippines. It has a lone congressional district with two legislative districts, seventeen municipalities and 219 barangays (Appendix A). The capital of the province is the island-municipality of Romblon. It is classified as a third class province and belongs to Region IV-B (MIMAROPA). The province lies within 12° 13’ latitude and 121° 45’ longitude. It is surrounded by deep waters, bounded by Masbate Island in the east, Mindoro Island in the west, Marinduque Island in the north and Panay Island in the south. It is approximately 299 kilometers south of Manila. The total land area of Romblon is 135,590 ha representing 0.46% of the Philippines and 4.6% of…show more content…
The islands are geographically dispersed and accessible to and from Metro Manila and other provinces only by means of sea transportation facilities. Tablas Island has a domestic airport located in Barangay Tugdan in the Municipality of Alcantara. The province has a long coastal area and municipal waters that abound in marine resources. The fishing grounds of Romblon are migratory path from Sulu and Visayan Seas passing Tablas Strait, Sibuyan Sea and Romblon Pass. The seas of the island-municipalities of Concepcion, Banton and Corcuera, located at the northwestern portion of the province, is part of the Verde Island Passage Marine Corridor (VIPMC). This area is recognized as the center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity in the world. Out of 219 barangays, there are 168 coastal barangays in 17 municipalities (Appendix B). The shoreline is 478.74 kilometers with a coastal area of 53,258 ha. As of 2010 census, this province has a total population of 283,930 while its coastal population is estimated at 251,931. The primary sources of income in the coastal communities are fishing; fish trading; farming (e.g. vegetables, root crops, rice); copra production; livestock & poultry raising; seaweed farming; carpentry; charcoal and nipa shingles-making; and other local…show more content…
Importance of Mangroves Mangroves provide nursery grounds, shelter and food for fish and other sea creatures; protect the coastal communities from storm surges; act as carbon sink; serve as recreational grounds for wildlife enthusiasts; stabilize coastline by reducing erosion; and regulate groundwater recharge/discharge and flooding. In line with socioeconomic importance of mangroves, various coastal communities benefit from it because it is a good source of charcoal, timber, honey, traditional medicines & housing materials. Mangroves also support fisheries production and aquaculture, and develop/enhance ecotourism, spiritual & cultural values (Figure 1). Most of the coastal residents in the province earn income from various mangrove products particularly on wood, fish, prawns, crabs, shellfish, honey and others. Figure 1: Socioeconomic activities in the Mangrove

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