Introduction: This paper will discuss how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome. It will also discuss the strength of both the Carthage and the Rome and their conflicts, and how these conflicts led Rome to be recognized as mistress of western Mediterranean and become a naval power. Body: The ancient city Carthage, located in the modern-day Tunis in Tunisia. It was originally founded by the sea fearing people Phoenicians. The ancient history tells us that the Rome and Carthage had become rivals as they fought for the control of the Western Mediterranean.
This was the commence of rivalry between Rome and Carthage with the goal of possessing the country borders on the Mediterranean Sea, having in count that Rome had acquired strength during the wars with the Latins, the Etruscans, and the Samnites, which created the foundation to confront the conflicts with Carthage, Macedonia, and Syria (Morey, 1901). Rome and Carthage were similar identical to their own strengths and resources, made them the two greatest rivals of the West, however, they were easy to compare, while Rome had a great organization. Carthage had greater wealth. Rome had a strong efficient army while Carthage had the most powerful navy. Rome had a strong body of loyal and faithful
Finally, war broke out when Hannibal attacked the Spanish city of Saguntum, which was an ally of Rome in the Second Punic War (2l8-20l B.C.E.). This entails that despite Carthage were never discouraged by their defeat and Rome still recognized that Carthage was a force to reckon. In terms of human life, thousands of lives were lost on each side with neither Rome nor Carthage making any headway or willing to quit. In military composition studies shows that Carthage was composed almost exclusively of foreign mercenary units while its navy was manned by citizens. The reason of this difference is, that the Carthaginians employed foreign mercenaries; and that on the contrary the Roman armies are composed of citizens, and of the people of the country (Polybius, n.d.), in this respect the government of Rome is greatly preferable to that of Carthage .Also as Carthage 's military battled the Greeks over control of the island of Sicily they were influenced to development of the Carthaginians ' weapons and tactics, causing Carthage to adopt the Greek-style hoplite soldier fighting in the phalanx formation (Wikipedia (2017).The Romans had pool of hundreds of thousands of small farmers to draw upon.
(1901) tells that Carthage was the land of a good chance for advancement located today in northern part of Tunisian near the Mediterranean Sea. In the beginning, they had very little geographic area and were free from flaw with huge powers around them, making Carthage move out around the sea which ends up in the creation trading routs to islands and other lands next to sea Morey William C. (1901). Through their trading, Carthage became very wealthy and brought in many people to live. For that reason, the city waxes strong and grew fast that lead to innovation for housing and infrastructure. They started building houses with the use of lime stone as main materials, they also had good sanitation where they had running water and swear
The grand history of Ancient Rome’s empire is marked with much conflict and war. Some of the most prominent and historic of these conflicts were against a powerful Western Mediterranean power known as Carthage. Carthage was powerful enough to be seen as one of Rome’s greatest rivals. In fact, the power of Carthage was so great that she almost conquered Rome itself. In this paper, we will trace how Carthage almost became the equal of Rome, and how the conflict between these two powerhouses led to Rome becoming a great naval power.
Introduction Rome and Carthage were almost equal in strength and resources. From the early days of the Republic, Rome and Carthage maintained a friendly relationship and even signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who was a threat to both states. Comparison Ancient Carthage was a wealthy state with a small population, it employed foreigners to do the unwanted jobs and relied on foreign mercenaries rather than citizens to do her fighting. The mercenaries did not have a sense of belonging to the Carthaginian nation. According to Morey (1901), Carthage was a wealthier nation with brilliant leaders, rich in commercial resources.
By 51 BCE Caesar had conquered 800 cities and subdued 300 tribes (Bishnoi.) By the end of Caesar’s leadership he had conquered a lot of people and places, which meant all that land belonged to the Roman Empire. All in all, Caesar may have been egotistical, but he was truly the greatest military leader in European history due to his astounding military IQ, the way he cared for and fought with his men, and how he expanded the Roman Empire to its great lengths that we know today. His success gained the Roman Empire its wealth, provided a stable economy so there could be specialization, which allowed them to invent things such as roads, highways, plumbing and sewage, concrete, and even the calender. Julius Caesar’s legacy lives on through these innovations that are used in everyday life to this
In Carthage we can evidence that women had most of the same opportunities as men. And finally industries, innovation and infrastructures were present in Rome , since they had Coliseums, hair salons , houses , horse stables and temples. In Rome they also used tools for building and materials such as wood and stone. On the other hand Carthage was a bit more advanced in infrastructures , technics and industry’s , since they had an innovative port , apartments, an irrigation system, they used wood but mostly stone for constructing and the methods, Carthaginians used to break through the lime stone were very rare since they only used water , and wood. Carthage was also considered a wealthy and beautiful city due to its constructions and
An entity that the mighty Rome had once rested its laurels on, the legions, had now become weak and overstretched. Emperors faced the difficult challenge of defending the expansive borders of the empire, while at the same time dealing with a drop in citizen enrollment. In order to continue to defend the empire, emperors were forced to hire outside mercenaries to help swell the ranks of the legions. At this time, many of the mercenaries were from Germanic Tribes who had recently migrated to the borders of the Roman empire after being forced from their homelands by the powerful Huns. While the barbarians, as the Romans called them, proved to be helpful in battle, they had little loyalty towards Rome and would often turn against their Roman officers.
The Roman Empire was the last superpower in the ancient world. The civilization of ancient Rome thrived from the sixth Century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. After the Ancient Greek, Roman Empire was the second empire to conquer most of the Mediterranean basin. After taking over the Greek Empire, Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture including Greek Architecture. The main contributions to Roman Architecture were cement, the arch, the vault, the dome and centralized road systems.