(Delli Carpini) The Civil Rights movement forever changed the dynamic of American people, but with this movement came the need for a new way to systematically oppress Black people and still maintain the façade of freedom and equality. This “new” form of racism is said to be more subtle as we move further away from Jim Crow and overt signs of racism. These attitudes and beliefs are not expressed as violently and openly as they were during the Jim Crow or Civil Rights Eras, but they are subtly hiding in racial policies. (Carter) In 1982, President Ronald Reagan launched the “War on Drugs” campaign to combat illegal drug use. The African
The harsher penalties for crack cocaine offenses were supported by most of the Congressional Black Caucus, including New York Representatives Major Owens of Brooklyn and Charles Rangel of Harlem, who at the time headed the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control (Brooks, 2003). Crack was destroying black communities, and many black political leaders wanted dealers to face longer sentences. Some suggest that the crack–powder distinction was enacted partly because of conscious or unconscious racism. But it is noteworthy that none of the black members of Congress made that claim at the time the bill was initially discussed. The absence of any complaint by black members of Congress that the crack–powder differential was racially unfair speaks volumes.
The beginning of Escobar’s reign over the law started in 1976. Pablo and his cousin Gustavo had been arrested for illegal possession of 39 pounds of cocaine. The charges that had been charged against them were very serious. Pablo had influenced the judge to free them by a bribe. It was soon after the case had been attempted to be reopen by a different judge who wanted Pablo arrested for his actions, and knew the prior process of Escobar’s trial was unjust.
In the video, “Heroin and the War on Drugs”, the setting primarily takes place in New York and Washington, D.C. in the late 1960’s to early 70’s. Users of heroin were desperate and would do practically anything to acquire money to attain more drugs, which caused crime rates to skyrocket. Reactions to this were severe, Rockefeller and other politicians came down with harsh drug laws and John Dun supported these strict laws. People were imprisoned for life for selling more than an ounce of heroin. While this was going on in New York, Washington D.C. took an enhanced medical approach.
Drug traffickers in the favelas “took advantage of the state’s unwillingness” to provide safety and stability, and “[repressed] crime in favelas,” and also “harshly” reprimanded “anyone who cooperated with the police” (16). It is a common view throughout the favelas that “drug traffickers guaranteed safety while the police were criminals,” which perpetuates the stereotype that favelas are “fortresses for drug dealers” (37, 5). Many of the traficantes “were themselves from favelas” which allowed for the drug dealers to obtain power, since familial ties permeated all aspects of the morro (52). These close ties perpetuated the belief that the police brought violence and chaos to the favela, since the police were “the outsiders who disrupt an otherwise peaceful and harmonious… community” (38). The outside community, including the police, understood the favelas “distinct spaces cut off from the rest of the city,” but this is not a one sided belief (153).
Keywords that are most important to the documentary are, War on Drugs, incarceration, drug involvement/abuse, and racism. All of these words are loosely or heavily connected to each other. The words drug involvement/abuse highlight the purpose of the film, and the reasons for the War on Drugs and numerous laws created to fight drug abuse that cause death and destroy abiding citizens of communities. Furthermore, the War on Drugs simply labels the struggle against drug use and the governmental involvement to enforce anti-drug laws. The word incarceration and racism also link together to explain how as a result of the War on Drugs, the U.S. is one of the top countries with the highest imprisonment rate and more African-Americans or low-class minorities are convicted of drug crimes than any other ethnicity or social class.
Many succumb to pleading guilty and never have the opportunity to speak with a lawyer or public defender. The war on drugs propagated by the prison-industrial complex is a failed draconian system that should be replaced with an emphasis on rehabilitation and removing the focus on low-level offenders that do not significant reduce the drugs on the market. The film The House I Live In by Eugene Jarecki, highlights similar problems that people, especially low-income minorities face when dealing with the justice system. Lack
Thesis: Of the reasons for the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam, the media coverage was the most important one, especially the coverage of the Tet-Offensive. Introduction: Talk about each reason one sentence. 2 Paragraph: Intro to the war Influence by the media: The media influenced the Anti- War movement tremendously, especially by spreading their protests on television nationwide First war where television showed images and spreaded the social and political protests in America People were shocked by the images and started to overthink if that, what they were doing was right The media was not always interested in the war, ”until many civilians were killed in an attack against the south vietnamese premier Diem” ( f) Because people are usually not as interested in
In 1971 President Richard Nixon declared War on Drugs in an effort to combat the increasing use of illegal drugs in the United States. In 1986, in response to the surge of crack cocaine that was flooding American inner cities, Congress passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act, which handed out harsher penalties for crack cocaine offenses than for powder cocaine offenses. For sentencing purposes, they used the 100:1 rule, the law said that one gram of crack cocaine be treated as equivalent to 100 grams of powder cocaine. Because crack cocaine offenders tended to be black and powder cocaine offenders tended to be white, the law seemed just to target African Americans. In 1998 there were wide racial imbalances in arrests, prosecutions, sentencing and
The drug epidemic had by then spun completely out of control. The use of narcotics like cocaine, claimed many lives and earned widespread coverage by media and news. Following this Nancy Reagan began the “War on Drugs”, a campaign to combat pre-existing drug usage and prevent future