(Delli Carpini) The Civil Rights movement forever changed the dynamic of American people, but with this movement came the need for a new way to systematically oppress Black people and still maintain the façade of freedom and equality. This “new” form of racism is said to be more subtle as we move further away from Jim Crow and overt signs of racism. These attitudes and beliefs are not expressed as violently and openly as they were during the Jim Crow or Civil Rights Eras, but they are subtly hiding in racial policies. (Carter)
The harsher penalties for crack cocaine offenses were supported by most of the Congressional Black Caucus, including New York Representatives Major Owens of Brooklyn and Charles Rangel of Harlem, who at the time headed the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control (Brooks, 2003). Crack was destroying black communities, and many black political leaders wanted dealers to face longer sentences. Some suggest that the crack–powder distinction was enacted partly because of conscious or unconscious racism. But it is noteworthy that none of the black members of Congress made that claim at the time the bill was initially discussed. The absence of any complaint by black members of Congress that the crack–powder differential was racially unfair speaks volumes.
The beginning of Escobar’s reign over the law started in 1976. Pablo and his cousin Gustavo had been arrested for illegal possession of 39 pounds of cocaine. The charges that had been charged against them were very serious. Pablo had influenced the judge to free them by a bribe. It was soon after the case had been attempted to be reopen by a different judge who wanted Pablo arrested for his actions, and knew the prior process of Escobar’s trial was unjust.
In the video, “Heroin and the War on Drugs”, the setting primarily takes place in New York and Washington, D.C. in the late 1960’s to early 70’s. Users of heroin were desperate and would do practically anything to acquire money to attain more drugs, which caused crime rates to skyrocket. Reactions to this were severe, Rockefeller and other politicians came down with harsh drug laws and John Dun supported these strict laws. People were imprisoned for life for selling more than an ounce of heroin. While this was going on in New York, Washington D.C. took an enhanced medical approach.
Drug traffickers in the favelas “took advantage of the state’s unwillingness” to provide safety and stability, and “[repressed] crime in favelas,” and also “harshly” reprimanded “anyone who cooperated with the police” (16). It is a common view throughout the favelas that “drug traffickers guaranteed safety while the police were criminals,” which perpetuates the stereotype that favelas are “fortresses for drug dealers” (37, 5). Many of the traficantes “were themselves from favelas” which allowed for the drug dealers to obtain power, since familial ties permeated all aspects of the morro (52). These close ties perpetuated the belief that the police brought violence and chaos to the favela, since the police were “the outsiders who disrupt an otherwise peaceful and harmonious… community” (38). The outside community, including the police, understood the favelas “distinct spaces cut off from the rest of the city,” but this is not a one sided belief (153).
Keywords that are most important to the documentary are, War on Drugs, incarceration, drug involvement/abuse, and racism. All of these words are loosely or heavily connected to each other. The words drug involvement/abuse highlight the purpose of the film, and the reasons for the War on Drugs and numerous laws created to fight drug abuse that cause death and destroy abiding citizens of communities. Furthermore, the War on Drugs simply labels the struggle against drug use and the governmental involvement to enforce anti-drug laws. The word incarceration and racism also link together to explain how as a result of the War on Drugs, the U.S. is one of the top countries with the highest imprisonment rate and more African-Americans or low-class minorities are convicted of drug crimes than any other ethnicity or social class.
The war on drugs propagated by the prison-industrial complex is a failed draconian system that should be replaced with an emphasis on rehabilitation and removing the focus on low-level offenders that do not significant reduce the drugs on the market. The film The House I Live In by Eugene Jarecki, highlights similar problems that people, especially low-income minorities face when dealing with the justice system. Lack
Thesis: Of the reasons for the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam, the media coverage was the most important one, especially the coverage of the Tet-Offensive. Introduction: Talk about each reason one sentence. 2 Paragraph: Intro to the war Influence by the media: The media influenced the Anti- War movement tremendously, especially by spreading their protests on television nationwide First war where television showed images and spreaded the social and political protests in America People were shocked by the images and started to overthink if that, what they were doing was right
In 1971 President Richard Nixon declared War on Drugs in an effort to combat the increasing use of illegal drugs in the United States. In 1986, in response to the surge of crack cocaine that was flooding American inner cities, Congress passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act, which handed out harsher penalties for crack cocaine offenses than for powder cocaine offenses. For sentencing purposes, they used the 100:1 rule, the law said that one gram of crack cocaine be treated as equivalent to 100 grams of powder cocaine. Because crack cocaine offenders tended to be black and powder cocaine offenders tended to be white, the law seemed just to target African Americans.
The use of narcotics like cocaine, claimed many lives and earned widespread coverage by media and news. Following this Nancy Reagan began the “War on Drugs”, a campaign to combat pre-existing drug usage and prevent future
The United States has been dealing with what people call “The war on drugs” for over three decades. Over the years, drug experimentation has become very popular amongst young, middle class Americans. At first, Marijuana was a very common drug to use but as time went on hardcore drug experimentation became the new “thing”. Although the government did crackdown on major drug dealers, they paid little to no attention to the issue. It wasn 't until Nixon called on The War On Drugs.
On October 14, 1982, Ronald Regan declared illicit drugs to be a threat to U.S. national security and waged a “war on drugs.” He proclaimed, “America’s public enemy number one in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy, it is necessary to wage a new all-out offensive.” In other words, he along with his party used this drug war as a tactic to limit voting for people of color and reign them powerless in the American political system. Michelle Alexander recognized the true meaning of Regan’s declaration in her book "The New Jim Crow," arguing that, “the system of mass incarceration based on drug charges was created as a form of racial control and exists as a way to keep people of color in permanent states of economic, political, and social marginalization much as the Jim Crow laws of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.”
Yuzhuo Zhang (Mark) 1601068 EDS 1 Both conservative and liberal lawmakers intertwined thoroughly to control the crime as it was a domestic policy issue. Reagan spent more money than Lyndon on controlling the crime. Reagan’s War on Drugs were based on Johnson’s Crime on Crime. Reagan thought that drugs were an important reason why lots of crime happened. Their policies both leaded to the mass incarceration.
Back to Honduras, President Maduro called in the country 's’ military to help the police force fight against the gangs. He also changed Article 332, with massive public support, to make it illegal to belong to a street gang. It’s called illicit association, and breaking this law can send boys and young men to jail. In Central America gang tattoos are as influential as having or not having criminal
The legalization of drugs has been at the center of interminable debate. Drugs have widely been perceived as a dominant threat to the moral fabric of society. Drug use has been attributed as the source responsible for a myriad of key issues. For instance, it is believed that drugs have exacerbated the already weak status of mental health in the United States in which some individuals suffering from mental illness administer illicit substances such as heroin or cocaine in an attempt to self-medicate. Moreover, drugs are blamed for turning auspicious members of the community into worthless degenerates.