INTRODUCTION: The goal of modern prosthodontic in dentistry is to restore normal function, comfort, aesthetic, speech, and health to individuals who are missing teeth. This is because our population is ageing and there is increasing number of individuals being affected, hence the extraction of irrecoverable tooth. However, the more the teeth in the same person is missing, the more challenging this task can become. As a result of continuous research developing various innovative ways of treatments, predictable success is now a reality in many challenging dental situations. Patient’s need for prosthodontic are determined by the features of functional, aesthetic, psychological and social impacts due to tooth loss .
Introduction- The purpose of this paper is to discuss a rarest case of hidden maxillary tooth in infra-orbital space following trauma. Pediatric dental injuries leading to traumatic tooth displacement is common in children, although it very rare and sometimes challenging to diagnose and treat traumatically embedded tooth in vital tissue spaces which may lead to serious complications if ignored. Case report- A 4-year old male child was brought with injuries on his face and mouth and swelling over left side of face, resulting from fall. The intra-oral examination revealed absence of all maxillary incisors. The paranasal sinus view showed a vague tooth-like object embedded in the floor of left orbit.
One of them is congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). In this defect abdominal viscera herniate into thorax via the posterolateral opening in the diaphragm. First CDH used to be fixed by open fetal surgery, during which hysterotomy was done to repair diaphragm directly. However, the techniques to obstruct fetal trachea have developed rather quickly. Nowadays endoluminal approach is applied.
HEMISECTION AND BICUSPIDIZATION – A REVIEW ARTICLE Latest advances in dentistry has become a boon to patients to maintain a functional dentition for a lifetime. Retaining a teeth may involve combining restorative dentistry, endodontics and periodontics so that the teeth are retained in whole or in part. Thus tooth resection procedures are used to preserve as much tooth structure as possible rather than sacrificing the whole tooth. (1)(2) The term tooth resection denotes the excision and removal of any segment of the tooth or a root with or without its accompanying crown portion. Various resection procedures described are : root amputation, hemisection, radisection and bisection.
Mobile root after complete resorption c. Pink tooth is observed if the resorption reaches the crown Diagnosis: a. Pink discoloration b. Radiographic findings show loss of lamina dura c. Irregular shortening of root d. Radiolucency at the root and adjacent bone Treatment and Prognosis: a. Remove stimulus causing the inflammation b. Surgical/non-surgical RCT should be performed according to the case c. Resorption usually stops after treatment, internal bleaching may be performed for esthetic reasons. VIII. DISEASES OF PERIRADICULAR TISSUE OF NON-EDONTOGENIC ORIGIN Benign Lesions: a. Ossifying fibroma b. Myxoma c. Ameloblastoma d. Solitary bone cyst e. Lateral periodontal cyst f. Central hemangioma g. Central giant cell granuloma Diagnosis: a.
Air confined only to the cochlea was seldom reported.2,5 The mean age at presentation was 25 years with male preponderance.1 CT imaging is a valuable tool to diagnose traumatic pneumolabyrinth. Since the absence of a temporal bone fracture on the initial CT doses not necessarily eliminate a vestibular, cochlear or ossicular chain involvement, a millimeter-scale slices directed towards the temporal bone is recommended.9 In our patient, pneumolabyrinth might have been detected earlier with the use of a high-resolution CT scan centered towards the temporal bone with a bone window in the axial and coronal planes. Vestibular symptoms usually have more favorable prognosis after treatment. Whereas, hearing recovery outcome after traumatic pneumolabyrinth is assumed to be influenced by the following factors: the interval until surgery, the presence of stapes lesions and air location on CT. With longer interval until surgery, hearing recovery was reduced. 54% of Patients receiving surgery with an injury to surgery interval less than 2 weeks demonstrated an improved
The resected femoral head demonstrated a flattened widespread surface with a flap of articular cartilage and subchondral bone, and the cut section showed a subchondral fracture line parallel to the articular surface (Figure 4A). Histological examination showed repair tissue comprising of marked fracture callus and vascular rich granulation tissue on both sides of the fracture line (Figure 4B). There was no evidence of antecedent osteonecrosis. Histopathologic findings demonstrated that the collapse of his femoral head was caused by a subchondral fracture resulting from acetabular fracture. Figure 4 Histological findings show a subchondral fracture of the femoral head and no evidence of antecedent osteonecrosis.
Each periapical X-ray shows this full tooth dimension and a part of either the upper or lower jaw includes all the teeth. Periapical X-ray abnormalities of the root structure and surrounding bone structure used for detection. 1.3 Occlusal X-rays are larger and show full tooth development and placement. Each X-ray expose the whole arch of teeth in either the upper or lower jaw. Types of extraoral X-rays : 2.1 Panoramic X-rays illustrate the whole mouth region and all the teeth either upper and lower jaws on a single X-ray.
Periapical lesion develops in a range of 7.3% to 24% in these cases up to 4 years after initial traumatic injury, especially in completely calcified teeth(2). If root canal treatment is attempted it can be difficult or impossible on a tooth with pulp canal obliteration.  The present case report illustrates the successful management of an iatrogenic perforation with Biodentine (Septodont, St. MaurdesFossés, France) at a level just apical to the cementoenamel junction on the labial aspect of an upper right central incisor with radiographic evidence of pulp canal obliteration. Case report A 25 year old male presented to us with chief complaint of pain, redness and laceration in gingiva in relation to the front tooth which
The classic comparative dental identification makes use of both post-mortem and ante-mortem dental records for determining and excluding discrepancies.  The tentative identification of an individual may be unknown in many cases as ante-mortem samples cannot be located. To aid the search of these cases dental profile of the individual is developed. A forensic odontologist can identify and report indicators for age, time of death, race, and sex with the help of these profiles. Dental identifications are cost effective and accurate and is the main identification method for criminal investigators in mass destruction, grossly decomposed and traumatised bodies where visual identification is neither possible nor