Rosa McCauley became Rosa Parks when she married Raymond Parks, a man whom she had known due to both of their involvement with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She finished getting her high school diploma and she continued her work in the racial equality of African Americans. She held many positions in the NAACP, such as the chapter’s youth leader and the secretary to the president of the NAACP. What she is most known for is her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man. When the
Rita Dove’s adolescent consisted of protests and riots of the “Civil Rights Movement”, due to the segregation between race and class during the era of the ‘Jim Crow Laws”. Although these laws were abolished in 1964, around the time Dove was 12 years old, many African Americans are still oppressed. Since Dove had grew up during this era, the environment may have deeply impacted her growth and idea of society. After America had surpassed the years of segregation, many African Americans were able to achieve their goals, including the well accomplished poet, Rita Dove. Rita Dove is an African American poet, who was raised to be well educated by her parents.
In the words of Jay-Z, “Rosa Parks sat so Martin Luther King could walk.” Rosa Parks was a leader in her local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), work as the secretary. She also was a mentor to the youth in her community. For example, in 1949, she advised member of the local youth NAACP chapter, as they challenged Jim Crow Laws by checking out books from an all-whites library. About six years later, she would do something that she is known for today.
Rebecca Lee Crumpler is a woman that history knows little of other than her degree and the little she wrote about herself in the beginning of a book. What makes this woman so important to history, and so important to me, is that Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. degree in the United States, and one of the first African Americans to write a book of medical advice. Crumpler, born in Delaware in 1831, was raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends. In the beginning of her book, A Book of Medical Discourses, she explained that being surrounded by the work of her aunt is what made her form a liking to relieving the suffering of others, which is what pushed her to go into medicine.
One of the most inspiring women to me is Oprah Gail Winfrey. She was born on January 29, 1954 at 7:51 P.M. EST in Kosciusko, Mississippi, USA. Oprah was the daughter of two unwed teens, Vernita Lee and Vernon Winfrey. Oprah had two siblings, one half brother and one half sister, that both died. Oprah was originally named “Orpah” after the Biblical character in the book of Ruth, but there was a typo on her birth certificate.
Page: On February 4, 1913 a very important woman was born into the world. Rosa McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama. While her father was working late hours, her mother, a former school teacher, took care of Rosa and her younger brother. Rosa moved many different times in her life. After her parents split, Rosa spent her childhood in Pine Level, Alabama and Birmingham, Alabama.
Even when people doubted him and the situation seemed unachievable, Ibrahima stayed determined and continued (125). For months, Ibrahima had gone to different cities along with various organizations to ask for money, to guide him to the $8,500 that Thomas demanded, in order to get Ibrahima’s children and grandchildren out of being a slave (135,143). This battle he is fighting, was not a battle for him as a soldier, but a battle as a caring grandfather or father. His bravery as a soldier along with the love he held as a parent did not let Ibrahima to give up the fight for his family’s freedom. He pressed for his children’s freedom up to his dying breath, even though he was not victorious in freeing his grandchildren, after his death, his children were finally granted their freedom (186-187) After thirty years of enslaved labor, Ibrahima encountered Marschalk, who believed Ibrahima was of royal descent, a Moor (pg. 89).
The Embodiment of Poetry "Maya Angelou was born as Marguerite Annie Johnson in St. Louis, Missouri"("Maya Angelou Biography" 1). " Maya and her brother, Bailey, moved to Stamp, Arkansas, to live with their grandmother after their parents divorced." "While living in Stamps, she faced racial discrimination that was the legally enforced way of life in the South, but she also absorbed the deep religious faith and old fashioned courtesy of traditional African American life." "Her brother, Bailey was unable to pronounce her name as a young child so he called her "My" as in "My sister."
By 1963 many African Americans in the South were still denied jobs and their civil rights; the pace of desegregation was too slow (Stephenson, C., Mbansini, T., Frank, F., Pillay, F. & Hlongwane, J. 2013: 181). Philip Randolph, an associate of Martin Luther King, came up with the idea to conduct a march to the Lincoln Memorial on 28 August 1963. The march was called ‘The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom’ and it was organised by Randolph along with King and a few other civil rights leaders. The March received diverse support from religious leaders to entertainers to labour organisations and more; there were many Americans from various ethnic backgrounds. King explained his vision for a nation free from racial prejudice in his famous
Influencing the decision to be an activist against segregation, a black women refused to give up her seat to a white person and was later arrested and charged. After the bus incident, Martin Luther King Jr. organized a bus boycott and stated that the colored people have put up with the racism for too long leading to the famous speech, "I Have a Dream." In August of 1963, thousands and thousands of people stood at the Lincoln Memorial to listen to King's
8-Steptima Poinsette Clark-Born on May 3rd,1898 in Charleston,South Carolina,Steptima is another african american woman who helped African american get the rights to vote. Her father had been born a slave. Both of her parent heavely encouraged her to get a good eduation. After attending public shool,she attended Avery Normal Institude,a private school for african americans. She tried to be a teacher,but since Charleston did not hire african americans to teach it`s public schools,so instead she became a teacher at South Carolina`s Johns Island in 1916.
When she was alive women were treated unfairly by men and people were still judged by the color of their skin and the South had slaves. Clara was born on December 25, 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts. She lived on a big farm, went to school in a one-room school house, and she helped around the house by doing her chores. Her parents were Sarah and Stephen Barton, she had two sisters Dorothea and Sally, and two brothers David and Stephen. Before Clara went to school she was tutored by her brothers and sisters in subjects such as spelling, arithmetic, and geography.
Nursing Paper Fitsum Deresa Intro to Professional Nursing Charmain McKie, RN, MS, MPH Nursing Paper Susan (Baker) King Taylor is a very important historian that played a significant role in the nursing field. Her contribution to the nursing profession is astounding, but easily forgotten and unnoticed by many.
Parks became a organization secretary of Montgomery Chapter from 1943 to 1956. (Garrow 171) NAACP was founded in 1909 and emerged as one of the nation’s foremost civil rights organizations. (Hull 42) When Parks joined NAACP, she helped talk to a group, most were teenagers, about the problems of their city. Then Rosa Parks joined, The Montgomery Voters League who wanted all African Americans to vote so Parks visited homes of African American families to teach them how to pass the test without one mistake to have their name on their voting list. (Greenfield 11)
Goldsborough if she agreed to organize a school for the children on St. Simon’s Island. Baker accepted the offer and became the first black teacher to openly instruct African American students in Georgia. By day she taught children and at night she instructed adults. Baker met and married her first husband, Edward King, a black non-commissioned officer in the Union Army, while teaching at St. Simon Island.” “For the next three years, Susie Baker King traveled with her husband’s regiment, working as a laundress while teaching black Union soldiers how to read and write during their off-duty hours.