Citizens of Montgomery, Alabama were fuelled with intention to fight oppression and start a boycott against desegregation. In order for the boycott to make a difference, African Americans chose to walk to work or travel by taxi, no matter what physical health condition they were in. Throughout the boycott the NAACP consistently challenged the courts because of complete desegregation. However, before this problem occurred, Rosa Parks was arrested in Alabama for boycotting the city bus rules, which caused an outcry to end discrimination against African Americans and their rights. “The Supreme Court's decision laid the legal groundwork for a more concerted nationwide effort to eliminate racial barriers in other aspects of life.
equality from many experiences of discrimination. On December 1, 1955,Rosa was arrested for refusing to give her seat to a white male. Rosa's actions were taken as an act of civil disobedience, and she was arrested. Her arrest led to the Montgomery bus boycott. The Montgomery bus boycott lasted from December 5,1955 to December 20, 1956.
Montgomery Bus Boycott- In Montgomery, 1955, blacks were forced to sit in the back of the bus. One day Rosa Parks, a true hero, said no when asked to move to the back of the bus. She was arrested and that is when the boycott started. African American Men and Women didn’t ride the bus for more than a year.
struggle in Alabama. The law of segregated public transportation was later lifted after the city of Montgomery was defeated in several court rulings, which led to large financial losses. The boycott lasted for 382 days and those days were full of violence and harassment. It included attacks on MLK Jr’s house and E.D Nixon’s house (E.D Nixon was the head of the Montgomery NAACP branch).
Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a crucial part of the Civil Rights Movement. Lasting from December 1, 1955 to December 20, 1956, it was a time of protesting against the public buses to end racial segregation. It took over a year but the U.S. Supreme Court finally decided to make the segregation of city buses unconstitutional. This was not only a victory for the people of Alabama, but it also led to more participation in activism and civil rights movements all around the country.
“Fifteen-year-old Claudette Colvin was arrested March 2,1955, and just seven months late eighteen-year-old Mary Louise Smith was arrested on October 21, 1955” (Sanders, Viv). The 1955 bus boycott was initiated by Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat to a white man. “In explaining why she did not move Parks’ said, “My feet were not tired, but i was tired-tired of unfair treatment”” (Sanders, Viv).
Rosa Parks’ race was the main reason why she got arrested. “To implement their plan, they needed a model citizen to deny the segregationist policy and to get arrested for that action.” They needed someone from the black race that would stand up for the rights they don't have. Rosa Parks made the perfect decision in boycotting in one of the most segregated locations, the Bus. Perfect, meaning one place that everyone agreed on, therefore it was very racially split up.
There were cases of flogging and murder. “We didn’t seem to have too many successes” says Rosa Parks, “It was more of a matter of trying to challenge the powers that be and to let it be known that we did not wish to continue being second class citizens.” Says Rosa Parks to her working with the NAACP. She faced harassment as a result of being with the boycott and resistance of the bus driver who told her to move, because she was an African American. The wpc had a meeting with Mayor W. A. Gayle in March 1954, the council's members outlined the changes they sought for Montgomery’s bus system.
With King as the new leader of the NAACP, he spoke with other leaders on the community, crafted a plan for the boycott and created a flyer to the spread the word. The flyer stated, “Don 't ride the bus to work, to town, to school, or any place Monday, December 5. Another Negro woman has been arrested and put in jail because she refused to give up her bus seat. Don 't ride the buses to work, to town, to school, or anywhere on Monday. If you work, take a cab, or share a ride or walk.
The Mongomery Bus Boycott, which took place on December 5, 1956 and lasted until December 20, 1956. What this exactly was is when African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. The most prominant name of this time that made the boycott what it is today is Rosa Parks. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to give up her seat to a white man while on a Montgomery bus. Thus, resulting in her getting arrested and fined.
Bus drivers got to choose who stood and who had the right to sit down when the bus was full. Parks thought this was unjust. African Americans all around town refused to get on the buses. King ended up being a part of this boycott.
For example, Rosa Parks boarded a bus and sat on the whites only section, only to be arrested to do so. Through this horrific display of discrimination and disrespect, the Montgomery Bus Boycott shortly followed this incident, and overall discrimination began to decrease after as well. Through this significant show of bravery, Rosa Park was known to be "a symbol of dignity and strength in the face of discrimination" and "the mother of the civil rights movement". Her act of civil disobedience changed many Americans views regarding segregation and equality.
Although the Scottsboro trials was not a pivotal event in Black American history, it was an occasion which highlighted the severe injustice of the American legal system and prejudice that black Americans lived in. From 25th March 1931 when 9 black men allegedly gang raped two white girls on the Railroad from Chattanooga to Memphis, a numerous amount of trials, reversals and retrials occurred, the most in American history. Over the course of two decades the ‘Scottsboro boys’ were made celebrities by their struggle for justice by dividing Americas politics. The trials, which were originally conducted in front of an all white jury leading to 8 of the boys being sentenced to the death penalty, after they were represented by bias lawyers which made