The Transcontinental Railroad The completion of the first Transcontinental Railroad was an important event in the United States history. There were many challenges in building it, but after it was finished, it connected the East Coast of the United States to the West Coast. The railroad took three whole years to build, with the help of two railroad companies and thousands of other hired workers. Each railroad company got one side of the country. The Union Pacific got the East side of the country, starting at Omaha, Nebraska, and the Central Pacific got the West side of the country, starting at Sacramento, California.
Carol Sheriff is all about the industrial and economic progress, that’s her focus in 1812 and the beginning of the Civil war. A few of the topics during this time, market expansion, rapid environmental change, and economic development. I will be discussing important times, the building of the artificial river, and politics. July 4, 1817, near Rome, New York, the first digging happened. New York began construction on what was to be one of the largest artificial waterways in the world.
The corporate charter authorized the company to build a bridge over the Charles River and collect toll money for forty years. In 1792, a new charter issued extended right to collect toll money until 1856. However, in 1828 the Massachusetts legislature authorized the Warren Bridge company to build a second bridge across the Charles
The first railways were created in England and involved horse drawn carriages that moves along rails imbedded in the street. The English Richard Trevithick built the first full scale steam powered locomotive in 1802, it then proceeded to spread quickly throughout England becoming the quickest mode of long distance transportation. It wasn’t until 1830 that the US first started to develop steam powered locomotive of their own, before that the US had to import locomotives from Great Britain. Subsequent to seeing the immense potential of a railroad industry in America, locomotives and tracks began to be constructed seemingly overnight. As the East grew more connected, the idea to link the East and West by railroad arose, a concept highly disputed amongst Senate and Congress members over things like, if the railroad would be a southern or northern route, thus stalling the passing of a bill to assist rail line companies with the construction of a transcontinental railroad.
According to the History Channel, “By the late 19th century, the first monument built to honor those who died on prison ships-on Hudson Avenue in the Brooklyn neighborhood known as Vinegar Hill-had fallen into disrepair, and plans were made to build a new memorial in Brooklyn’s Fort Greene Park, a new public space designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Funds were raised by the end of the century, and the architectural firm of McKim, Meade and White were commissioned to design the monument itself”In 1908, President William Howard Taft dedicated the Prison Ship Martyrs Monument, an obelisk standing some 150 feet high at the center of Fort Greene Park, on the former site of the Revolutionary War-era Fort Putnam. Beneath the monument was a crypt with 20 coffins containing bone fragments from the thousands who died on the Jersey and other prison
The origin of the subway began with the history of the London Underground in the 19th century with the construction of the Metropolitan Railway, the world 's second underground railway after New York City 's Cobble Hill Tunnel. The Metropolitan Railway, which opened in 1863 using gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives, worked with the District Railway to complete London 's Circle line in 1884. The main man who had the brillant idea to build the subway was Charles Pearson. Charles Pearson was born in 4 October 1973 in Clements Lane in the city London, United Kingdom. He was the son of Thomas Pearson, an upholsterer and feather merchant, and Sarah Pearson.
In 1890, the United States Congress passed an act that officially created the Oklahoma Territory. During its years as a territory, the United States government declared Guthrie to be the capital of the area despite the fact that a number of other towns wanted to be the capital. At the time, Guthrie was a railroad station stop on the Southern Kansas Railway, and it had a post office. Within hours of the United States government’s announcement that “Unassigned Lands” in a two million acre section of the Indian
The greatest cultural conflict between the years 1865 and 1898 was the Transcontinental Railroad. The Transcontinental Railroad was a railway stretching from “sea to shining sea”. It was built by two teams of workers, the Central Pacific Railroad Company starting in Sacramento and the Union Pacific Railroad building west from the Missouri River. The teams worked day and night to connect the two ends in Promontory Summit, Utah. The Transcontinental Railroad was a major breakthrough in the connection of markets and the transportation of goods and people from coast to coast.
The Scottish immigrant began his interest in the steel industry after the Civil War and opened the first American steel mill in 1873. After approximately twenty years, in 1892, Carnegie Steel, as the company was named, became one of the greatest producers of steel in the United States. It was used for most building of railroads and architecture of the newly-created skyscrapers in the fast-growing cities. Subsequent to gaining immense affluence, Andrew Carnegie retired and sold his company at the age of 66. He later dedicated the rest of his life to writing novels and becoming a philanthropist.
Angel of the Waters, sculpted by Emma Stebbins, was originally created in Rome, from 1861 until its completion in 1868. Deliveries of Stebbins' bronze figure were twice delayed - first by the Franco-Prussian War and then by difficulties in New York (MacLean). The statue was finally dedicated on May 31, 1873 at Bethesda Terrace in Central Park, New York City. The sculpture its self is made of bronze standing at twenty-five feet high. Angel of the Waters is standing on top of the upper basin of a fountain know as Bethesda Fountain.
The next major building to be erected on Pennsylvania Avenue was the Treasury Department Building, a task that extended from 1836 to 1896 (Washington DC Travel and Tourist Information”). It blocked the sightline of the Capitol to White House and vice versa, but served as further sign of the importance of the Avenue (Washington DC Travel and Tourist Information”). More structures were added to the street as well including markets, banks, and venues for entertainment (Washington DC Travel and Tourist Information”). Pennsylvania Avenue became a lively, main street of Washington D.C.
The love canal was named after William T. Love, an entrepreneur who in 1892 proposed digging a six to seven-mile-long canal to connect the upper and lower Niagara River. The proposal was originally inspired by the idea of creating a utopic urban neighborhood with hydroelectric energy generation nearby. However, due to economic factors the project was discarded leaving behind an unfinished canal. In 1920, the land was sold to be used as a municipal and chemical disposal site. Intensive chemical dumping estimated at 40 million pounds of chemicals took place between the years 1942 to 1953.
In 1864 Congress approved the Northern Pacific Railway to be built. The NPR is the first transcontinental railroad in the northern part of the country. It is 8,316 miles long, beginning in Minnesota and ending in Washington state, with many branches going off the main line. When congress approved it they also supplied nearly 40million acres of land grants to build the railroad on. Construction didn 't go underway until 1870, and the rail road was finally christened to open on Sept. 8 1888.
When he invited President Lincoln to the Governors and Union with 75000 soldiers and asked to recruit the soldiers for 90 days only. When the Confederacy moved its capital to Richmond, Virginia, 100 miles from Washington, everyone expected a firm battle on the ground between the union and confederate cities. In the spring of 1861, 35000 Confederate troops led by General Pierre Beauregard moved north to protect Richmond from being attacked. Lincoln 's troops had nearly completed its requirement of 90 days and field commander, General Irvin Mcdowell, didn 't want to fight. Pressure to act, on 18 of July McDowell marched his army of 37000 troops in Virginia.
The Victorian era lasted from 1830 to 1880 in England under Queen Victoria, who has the longest reign in England history of sixty three years. This time marks the climax of England’s economic and military dominance. in the nineteenth-century England was the first modern industrial nation. The wars with France, and internal conflict, made England unstable, and their survival at point troubled. The invention of the steam engine and machine for spinning and weaving sparked the Industrial Revolution, creating growth of textile industry.