Increased pressure also causes the mediastinum to move and negatively affect the venous return to the right atrium1. The hypoxia and impaired venous return leads to cardiac disfunction which can include systemic hypotension. A pneumothorax will cause a progressive decrease in respiratory and cardiac function if not treated. A spontaneous pneumothorax results in a decrease in vital capacity and PaO21. The reduction in the ventilation-perfusion ratio results in alveolar hypoventilation, causing the reduction in PaO2.
In infants can occur apnea, pause in the rhythm of his breath. Coughing can cause the patients to vomit and to lose consciousness, abundant vomiting can also cause dehydration (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.) When adults get B. pertussis infection, it is not as severe as when children get it (Konkel.) Pertussis, even if it is treated well, sometimes there can be serious consequences, for example, pneumonia sometimes appears or bleeding from the nose and mouth, due to coughing. In infants, asphyxia is very common, therefore, it is recommendable for infants under a year old need to be hospitalized in order to have an especial treatment (Centers for Disease Control and
“Orthostatic hypotension is a condition in which there is insufficient recovery of the blood pressure drop which occurs after getting up, which causes a temporary reduction of cerebral perfusion. This increases the risk of falls resulting in injuries (JAHR, 2018).” When lying blood pools in the legs and the abdomen when changing positions from lying, to sitting, to standing. A person may exhibit clinical symptoms of OH when systolic pressure drops below at least 20 mmHg and diastolic drops at least 10 mmHg during position transition. 2. Explain the steps of assessing orthostatic vital signs.
Severe cases of cellulitis can be associated with gas gangrene and tissue necrosis – death of skin tissue. These cases often require intravenous antimicrobial therapy and surgical debridement of tissue. The patients are also often severely ill and require
Introduction: Left ventricle hypertrophy can cause congestive heart failure to the patient. Common cause of the disease is due to the hypertension. If left ventricle hypertrophy is untreated, it will easily causes congestive heart failure. Abstract: The reasons that why I setup this hypothesis is because the patient have chest pain, this pain may come from congestive heart failure. Besides, the patient has medical history, such as hypertension and diabetes which increase the chance of chronic heart failure.
In addition, individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing conjunctival bacterial infections. Tear Film Tear film abnormalities are frequent in persons with diabetes, leading to an increased incidence of dry eye. The presence of an abnormal tear film may contribute to discomfort and to an increased risk of ocular surface epithelial defects. Longstanding diabetes may also damage the mircrovascular supply to the lacrimal gland, impairing lacrimation. Cornea Corneal wound healing The cornea of a person with diabetes is more susceptible to injury and slow healing after injury than the cornea of a person without diabetes.
Pneumonia is the swelling of the tissue in one or both lungs, usually brought on by a bacterial infection, but can be as a complication of viral infections which make the body weak and more susceptible to a secondary infection. The tiny air sacs (alveoli) become inflamed and fill up with fluid making it difficult to breath. Due to the fluid build up the symptoms are a cough, but you may also have a rapid heartbeat and fever, sweats and loss of appetite as your body fights the infection. You can also experience chest pain. Croup is a a condition that is commonly found in children.
A person with toxic shock syndrome may have peeling or rashes on the skin. Organ dysfunction, fast breathing, headache, insufficient urine production, mental confusion, or sore throat is common to people with toxic shock syndrome. A high fever, low blood pressure, vomiting, and rash are some symptoms that require a medical
Early on before rabies has truly started taking over the body these symptoms may show: fever, pain where the bite is located, general illness feeling, headache, a poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, muscle aches, sore throat and depression. These symptoms may look like at first they are just a cold or a temporary sickness but, these neurological symptoms can develop as more rapid multiplying starts to progress: anxiety, confusion, excessive saliva production, hallucinations, high level excitement, insomnia, paralysis of lower legs, problems swallowing due to having a painful throat, restlessness, and sometimes voice box spasms. Also a sign of when rabies is progressively taking over the body is throat muscle spasms. If rabies is not treated within a day or twenty-four hours the rabies virus will become incurable. Then either the victim will slip into a coma and dies or will die because of breathing failure (Canada Body and Health).
Binge drinking can cause arrhythmias. It can also cause heart failure, increased chance of getting diabetes and stroke, hypertensive, and high triglycerides. Erectile dysfunction is a common side effect to alcohol abuse in men. It can also reduce hormone production, influence testicular function, and cause infertility. Excessive drinking can cause a woman to discontinue menstruating and become infertile.
One might experience respiratory signs and symptoms caused by the blocking of air passages and lungs with thick mucus such as repeated lung infections (pneumonia or bronchitis), wheezing or shortness of breath. One might also experience digestive signs and symptoms such as those mentioned in the CRTF.INFO.’s website informational article, gastrointestinal tract problems such as congenital Meconium ileus and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, are caused by the decrease in chlorine and water secretion into the gut. These problems can play a factor in Cystic Fibrosis patient inability to absorb the vital nutrients they need. Also included is the buildup of digestive enzymes and digestion of its own tissues in the pancreas created by the thickening of exocrine secretions that block the pancreatic ducts intestinal blockage which results in bowel movement problems like diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain. Not only can Cystic Fibrosis affect the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract but also the liver’s secretions.
This mixes with the stools, causing diarrhea. If the large intestine is affected, diarrhea may be small in quantity but affect the sufferer numerous times a day. If the small intestine is affected, diarrhea may be very large in quantity but affect the sufferer in less frequency. If you suffer from frequent diarrhea, you may become dehydrated because of the loss of liquids. Be sure to rehydrate with not only water, but salts and minerals to.
Having horrible abdominal pains with diarrhea, coupled with fever and vomiting at the same time? It is possible that you may have developed Crohns disease. Your other symptoms include weight loss and rectal bleeding. Or it may be the case that your child is the one having this disease. You should be concerned as a child with Crohns disease can find that his growth and development affected from the symptoms.
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors. Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing. Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.
The risk of developing pneumonia for those with COPD is greater due to already weakened lungs and the inability to filter bacteria and viruses. If treatment for pneumonia is prolonged, it can lead to physical changes within the lungs causing the exchange of oxygen to be greatly diminished and results in respiratory failure.