Businesses including hotel investments are facing difficult situations in the world today (Rohan, 2008). Terrorism has both direct and indirect effects on businesses; losses of life and property, decrease in foreign investment, disruption in supply chain, among many other effects were examples of direct impact of terrorism (Czinkota, Knight, Liesch & Steen, 2010). Terrorist attacks also have an indirect effect on the hotel investment which is mainly psychological effect on people (Greenbaum, Dugan & Lafree, 2007). There are other impacts of terrorism on international hotel investment which cannot be overlooked which includes loss of employment, cost of rescue, cleaning and rebuilding the facility, loss of confidence and sense of insecurity in the region where the attack occur (Greenbaum et al,2007; Paul, Bugnar & Mester
One of the most shocking events that until this day still give the chills to many people, most especially in the United States is the attack on September 11, 2001. Many lives were taken, many were left wounded and many families that still to this day do not have closure of a lost one. There are many conspiracies about the September 11 attack that still have many people asking questions. There were a couple things that led up to the attack and a lot of signs that were missed that could have prevented this unfortunate event. Sadly, with the kept secrecy and untold explanations almost three thousand innocent lives were taken, leaving countless people in disbelief.
The terrorist attacks in September 11, 2001 severely shook the political stability of the US resulting in a catastrophic downfall in business activities and dramatic reduction in air travel. In the aftermath of the severe liquidity crisis, the US Congress passed the Air Safety and System Stabilization Act, resulting in the 1st government bailout of the twenty first century. More than 150,000 employees were out of work and losses of more than US 31 billion ( Banber, G.J, 2009 ). Source : IATA ( ii )
“I saw those policemen enveloped in a shower of falling stone. Their lives must have been blotted out in an instant.” this quote was from an article called “Horrific Wreck of the City” told by a man named Fred Hewitt. He was a eye witness in the 1906 earthquake, so was a woman named Emma Burke who was also in the disaster. The earthquake in 1906 is one of the most significant earthquakes of all time, says the USGS. Thousands of people died, the city was wrecked and fires were set aflame.
Floors in new buildings crack and roofs leak. ", a quote taken from 'Public Sector Management by David W. Wirick, clearly summarizes that with any projects many problems may arise. Dr. J. Davidson Frame came up with two main reasons why projects fail which are (1) a failure of estimation and (2) a failure of implementation. I believe that these two reasons sums up the many other reasons that account for the failure of projects. According to the business
The result was vast expanses of wasteland, not only from bombardment but also from land combat. One out of every twenty buildings was destroyed, one out of every five damaged and a total loss of 1.2 million homes led to the housing crisis that followed . As a result, reconstruction came to the forefront of political discussion, leading to a period of architectural discovery and experimentation, and what many architectural historians have dubbed “the golden age of social housing” . A critical voice in this housing debate was Le Corbusier, who proposed radical solutions to the housing crisis, challenging the way housing and the urban neighbourhood was thought about. His proposal for La Ville Radieuse in 1935 and his realized ideal for social housing in the form of the Unité d’habitation in Marseille have both, been praised for their
You start to wonder why the fire alarms have not gone off or why the sprinklers aren 't working. It is mass chaos on your floor and you have no idea what to do. Emergency preparedness is one of the most important things that someone would need for an emergency situation. In the book 102 Minutes by Jim Dwyer and Kevin Flynn, the authors talk about the terrifying day that was September 9, 2001. Most of the people inside the buildings were scared, confused, and had no idea what to do or where to go.
A gas explosion in a corner of the 18th floor blew out a load-bearing wall, which in turn caused the collapse of the upper floors due to the loss of support. The impact of the upper floors on the lower ones led to a consecutive failure all the way down to the ground level. As a result, the entire corner of the building collapsed, as can be observed in Figure 1.1. This partial collapse was recognized to the failure of the structure to redirect loads after the loss of a load-carrying member. It is a predominantly illustrative example since the magnitude of the collapse
World War 1, also known as the Great War was one of the most devastating human catastrophes that the world had ever seen. Europe was left in a state of ruin, an entire generation was lost and millions of civilians died as a result of this “great war.” It left a scar upon the landscape, one that quite literally resembled a wasteland. For many people, who had never experienced this kind of devastation, World War 1 was like the apocalypse come to fruition; the world and its people were forever changed as a result of the war, but out of the ashes many great modernist writers emerged. Writers like T.S. Eliot, whose wasteland seemed to capture all that had been lost, not just physically, but culturally and spiritually.
Foundation failure causes the building to collapse .Because foundation is the first and basic element of construction. But due to its failure the whole building or structure fails. Its repairing will be very much costly. Therefore it is to be avoided for such type of foundation failure in any construction work. 2.2 Explanation of failure of structure due to seepage failure.