Roy's Adaptation Model

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Theoretical framework is a logically structured representation of concepts, variables and relationship involved in a scientific study with the purpose of clearly identifying what will be explored, examined, measured or described.
In the context of teenage pregnancy and its effects on health,Roy’s Adaptation model, Ecological Theory, and Theory of Reasoned Action/Theory of Planned Behavior model are suitable to fit in this framework of the study.
Models are sets of assumption about the nature of reality. These assumptions are too general to be tested; however, theories derived from models are more specific of explanation of phenomena and can be confirmed or refuted disconfirmed. Theories serve four major functions:
1. They serve as a guide to
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The adaptation system has input coming from the external environment as well as internally from the person. Along with stimuli, the adaptation level of the person acts as input to that person as an adaptation system. Adaptation level is constantly changing aspect which is influenced by the coping mechanism of that person. Output are the behaviors of the person, acts as both external and internal, these behaviors can be measured, observed, or subjectively reported. Output behavior becomes feedback to the system and may be either adaptive or ineffective responses. In addition, these responses may promote the integrity of the person. If the person's fulfill their need of survival, growth, reproduction and mastery, they established their integrity or wholeness. But ineffective responses do not support these goals. Coping mechanism can control processes of the person as an adaptation system, genetic or innate. Roy presents a unique nursing science concept of control mechanism as subsystems of the person as an adaptive system. Adaptation level is influenced by the individual’s development, the degree of environmental change, and use of these coping mechanisms. Maximum use of coping mechanisms broadens the adaptation level of the person and increases the range of stimuli to which the person can positively respond. The adaptive system has two…show more content…
This act has negative or positive results that the teenager perceived. Some mode of adaptation focuses on promotes the ability of human adaptive systems to adjust effectively to changes in the environment and also to create changes in the environment. So it will help to find out the effects of teenage pregnancy on mother and baby and help to prevent the teenage pregnancy.
In Roy Adaptation Model guided research participants may be individuals or groups who are well or ill. Qualitative and quantitative approaches of research will be appropriate for the study. Data may be gathered in any health care setting in which human adaptive systems are found. Research instruments should reflect the unique focus and goal of the Roy Adaptation Model.
Roy models focused on both qualitative as well as quantitative approach, which is related with this study in mixed method approach. Therefore the researcher selects the mixed method approach in study. Data analysis techniques include content analysis for qualitative and nonparametric and parametric statistical procedures, and simple statistical procedure for quantitative

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