Precolonial Gonja society was stratified into castes, with a Ruling class, Muslim trader class and a Commoner class. Its economy depended largely on trade in slaves from Central Africa and kola nuts particularly in the market town of Salaga sometimes called the “Timbuktu” of the south. The Gonja people whose true name is Ngbanye (meaning Brave Men) derive the name Gonja from a corrupted Hausa phrase Kada Goro-Jaa (meaning land of Red Cola). The Gonjas have no distinct tribal marks on their own. Each person has a different mark either on the cheeks, chest or arms.
He is the only sailor who attempts to learn the Inuit language, which allows him to communicate with the men and his future wife, unlike Pilee and Portagee. His relations were strong from the beginning, when Sarkak is dining with the strangers. Kakuktak is the only one to successfully eat the raw fish, by mimicking Sarkak, which pleases Sarkak(47) and makes him believe that “Kakuktak might become one of us[Inuit. ]”(47) Kakuktak is the first to go hunting, and he is quite successful at catching birds for the tribe. Kakuktak is increasingly isolated from his friends, and taken under by Sarkak, as a son.
Symbolism plays a very important role in all works of literature by giving it a deeper meaning that increases the emotion in the story. “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry and “The Scarlett Ibis” by James Hurst have various symbols weaved into the plot of the story which add to the connotation. The symbols in “The Gift of the Magi” include Della’s hair, Jim’s watch, and the color gold. Della’s hair and Jim’s watch both represent Della and Jim’s love for each other and that they are willing to go to any extent for each other. They would make any sacrifice for each other and as Della even says in the story, “Maybe the hair on my head are numbered… but nobody could ever count my love for you” (O. Henry 206).
The word nigga, is a synonym and a homophone of nigger, which is derived from the Portugese term Negro, which meant the color black. The word nigga has been used as a term of affection/endearment, similar to buddy, dude, homie within the recent decades, but only mostly between two individuals that are of the same ethnicity (usually African-American). There has been conflict over whether the word should be used to denote such meanings, with some people supporting its usage, and others crying out against it. Lexical relations of the word nigga, is mostly with its original derived-from word nigger. Nigger has an offensive, insulting meaning and was commonly used throughout the US until the black civil rights movement.
Introduction Ganpati Sthapana Puja is one of the most important and foremost ritual of every Puja, Yagna or any auspicious task undertaken. Call him Ganpati, or refer to him as Vinayaka, pray to him as Vighneshwara or worship the Lambodara; they are few of many different names that Lord Ganesha is known by. Lord Shiva had a warrior clan, which was collectively known as Ganas and Ganapati was the ‘Ishta’, i.e;. The Head of the warrior clan. Hence he was bestowed with the name Ganesha!
Hujung means end of while tupuh means to "let go of." 36. 1:95 "Nyaran" in Kayan is the Malay "Semah", which is known scientifically as Tor duoronensis. Since "Semah" is borrowed into English as well, the Kayan name has been maintained in the translation. The word is synonymous with a delicious dish.
The Ghatam is a Percussion Instrument used in the Carnatic music of South India. Its variant is played in Punjab and is known as Gharha as is a part of Punjabi folk traditions. Its analogue in Rajasthan is known as the madga and pani mataqa (“water jug”). Even the work called “Krishna Ganam”, there is an important reference about “GHATAM” there is a description of a cowherd playing on a pot as an accompaniment to Lord Krishna’s Flute. GHATAM has found its place in ancient books on musical instruments.
Another Ndabaga Version ‘Nuko sha uri umugabo’ is a statement used in Rwandan culture to congratulate someone who did something great. The real meaning of the statement is ‘You did it, you’re a man’. Men are considered to be a center of heroism and strength not only in Rwandan culture but also in the world at large. This is proved by the fact that during the era of kingdoms, only men were entrusted to be kings and have other leadership roles. This assumption seems to be quite invalid because there exists living testimonies that contradict it: strong and brave women leaders.
Srividya Natrajan and S Anand wrote the story whereas Durgabai and Subash Vyam added the amazingly beautiful artistic elements of Gond art (tribal art form) and dialogues to enhance the impact of simple messages put throughout the novel. Every single cartoon, text bubble, line, divisions on the pages, bifurcation of the upper and lower caste, etc everything has some message to convey. For example, bird shaped bubbles contain the messages of people from the lower class to indicate their soft behavior; whereas the bubbles with tail of a poisonous animal contain the messages of upper class people. Such bubble with a twisted coil of a poisonous tail indicates hateful messages and cruel behavior of the people with bad intentions towards people from lower caste. This is the specialty of Gond art that it tells story through sketches which is adopted here to tell the life and struggles in the life of a Dalit.
JAVANESE GAMELAN AS A SYMBOL OF HARMONY (RUKUN) AND TRUE FEELING (RASA) Javanese Gamelan is one of the musical traditions in Indonesia. Because of its uniqueness, it becomes popular today in some countries and some well-known ethnomusicologists (e.g. J. Kunst, J. Becker, R. Sutton, J. Lindsay, Sean Williams, Denise Hill, etc) also have elucidated it deeply. Nevertheless, not many people recognize the symbol inside. For Javanese people, gamelan is not just a set of instruments.